Chicken Licken (restaurant)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Golden Fried Chicken (Pty) Ltd
Trading name Chicken Licken
Type Private
Industry Fast food
Founded Ridgeway 1981 (1981)
Founders George Sombonos
Headquarters Johannesburg, South Africa
Number of locations 259 (2013)[1]
Key people George Sombonos
Chantal Sombonos
Products Fried chicken
Revenue R1.3 billion (2013)[2][3]
Website www.chickenlicken.co.za

Chicken Licken is a South African fast-food fried chicken restaurant chain.[4] According to The Wall Street Journal, the company had a 5% share of South Africa's fast food market in 2010, tying with McDonalds.[5] According to a case study published by the Henny Penny Corporation in 2011, Chicken Licken is the "largest non-American-owned fried chicken franchise in the world".[1][6][7]

History[edit]

Chicken Licken was founded in South Africa by George Sombonos, the son of a Greek immigrant restaurant owner.[6][8][9] Sombonos learnt the restaurant trade in the 1970s at the Dairy Den, his father's restaurant in Ridgeway, a suburb in the southern Inner City region of Johannesburg.[10][11] KFC entered the South African market in 1971.[12] Sombonos bought Chicken Licken's secret fried chicken recipe from the owner of a fast food outlet in Waco, Texas, for US $1,000 while touring the United States in 1972 and introduced it to the Dairy Den.[10][11][13] In 1975 he started serving black customers in their cars when apartheid segregation laws restricted their access to restaurants.[10][14] In 1976 he introduced the drive-through restaurant concept to the Dairy Den after seeing it at Wendy's restaurants in the United States.[10]

His father died in 1980 and Sombonos opened the first Chicken Licken restaurant in 1981 on the site of the Dairy Den.[6][10][14] In 1982 he gave away the first two franchises, based in Soweto and Alexandra, as the company was still unknown and he was unable to sell them.[8][10] Chicken Licken's presence in the townships during apartheid helped it to establish a loyal customer base among black South Africans.[6][8] However, internal resistance to apartheid intensified in the mid-1980s and the company's operations in the townships were adversely affected by civil unrest until 1991.[6] The company's association with the townships has also presented a challenge to growth outside the townships in a changing South Africa.[8] George's daughter Chantal started working at Chicken Licken in 2001,[13][15] and is next in line to succeed him running the family-owned business.[9][10][16]

Locations[edit]

Initially, new Chicken Licken outlets were only opened in South African townships. Since the apartheid era ended in 1994, the black middle class has moved out of the townships and the company has changed its focus to expanding in higher income areas and upmarket shopping malls.[9][10][11][14] As of 2013, there are 247 Chicken Licken outlets in South Africa and 12 outlets in Botswana.[1] As of 2012 only 12 of the Chicken Licken outlets in South Africa are owned by the company, including the company's six most successful restaurants.[8][9]

Attempts to establish a presence in other African countries have been unsuccessful. Outlets in Zimbabwe, Nigeria and Mauritius were closed down due to problems with franchisees and the supply of chickens, electricity and foreign exchange for ingredients.[1][8][9] Outlets in Lesotho and Swaziland in southern Africa were also closed down due to unpleasant business experiences.[17]

Countries[edit]

  • Botswana – 12 outlets (2013)
  • South Africa – 247 outlets (2013)

Branding[edit]

In 1981 Sombonos set up Golden Fried Chicken (Pty) Ltd and registered the trading name Chicken Licken, one of the names of the Henny Penny fable which was suggested by a waiter.[10][13][16] The restaurants and packaging have been upgraded and the menu is updated annually, but the company logo has remained unchanged since 1981.[8] Chicken Licken's products cater to the tastes of the local population.[6][11][18] The company's most popular product is its hot wings introduced in 1992.[8][9]

Registered trademarks in South Africa include:

Golden Fried Chicken (Pty) Ltd, trading as Chicken Licken, owns the trademark for the word soul in South Africa with respect to "restaurants, snack bars, cafes, fast food outlets, canteens and roadhouses; services connected with the sale and distribution of foodstuffs and refreshments; catering".[3][20][21]

Chicken Licken's food is positioned as a more affordable option than that of its main competitors in South Africa, KFC and Nando's.[22][23][24] Chicken Licken was ranked second after KFC in the Fast Food and Restaurant Chains category of the Sunday Times Markinor 2007 Top Brands Survey, followed closely by Nando's which was ranked second in the previous year. The survey was based on consumer interviews and took into account factors such as brand awareness and trust.[25][26]

Chicken Licken is a client of the Net#work BBDO advertising agency.[16] The brand is known for its humorous television commercials.[27][28][29] Early Chicken Licken commercials were conceptualised by and starred actor and creative director Joe Mafela. Mafela starred in the Zulu television comedy series 'Sgudi 'Snaysi (1986–1992),[30] and authored the company's "It's good, good, good, it's good its nice" jingle during the making of a Chicken Licken commercial in 1986.[6][8][31] A subsequent retro style advertising campaign featured Dr CL Phunk, a character played by African-American actor Sydney Hall who dispenses Chicken Licken as a cure-all.[32][33] In 2007 George Sombonos won the inaugural Creative Circle's Marketer of the Year award for advertising agency clients for "25 Yrs of Soul", a nostalgic commercial featuring the 1983 hit song "Burn Out" by local musician Sipho "Hotstix" Mabuse.[34][35] In 2013 he won the Marketing Leadership and Innovation Award category of the Loerie Awards.[29][36]

Suppliers[edit]

Chicken Licken obtains its chickens from Rainbow Chicken Limited, a JSE-listed company which is South Africa's largest producer of chickens.[6][37] It has imported chickens from Brazil in the past when Rainbow was unable to meet the demand.[8][14] It obtains its spices from Robertsons Spices, a Unilever brand of herbs and spices.[10][11][13]

Chicken Licken uses fryers supplied by Henny Penny Corporation, an American manufacturer of cooking equipment used by major fast food companies such as KFC and McDonalds.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Moorad, Zeenat (11 October 2013). "Africa's growing appetite for fast foods". Financial Mail. Archived from the original on 21 August 2014. Retrieved 21 August 2014. 
  2. ^ "Chicken wings spark heated court flap". Sunday Times. 22 October 2012. Archived from the original on 21 August 2014. Retrieved 21 August 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c d e Ndabeni, Khanyi (2 September 2013). "Food chain forced to eat its words". The Times. Archived from the original on 20 August 2014. Retrieved 20 August 2014. 
  4. ^ "Johannesburgers and fries". The Economist. 25 September 1997. Archived from the original on 20 August 2014. Retrieved 12 July 2014. 
  5. ^ Jargon, Julie (7 December 2010). "KFC Savors Potential in Africa". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on 20 December 2010. Retrieved 23 August 2014. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h Pitman, Juliet (11 November 2009). "Entrepreneur Profiles – Chicken Licken: George Sombonos". Entrepreneur Magazine. Archived from the original on 20 August 2014. Retrieved 20 August 2014. 
  7. ^ a b "Case Study: Partnering from the Ground Up: How Chicken Licken Captured the Market". Henny Penny Corporation. 2011. Archived from the original on 23 August 2014. Retrieved 22 August 2014. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Boucher, Chana (4 September 2012). "Entrepreneur Profiles – Chicken Licken: George Sombonos". Entrepreneur Magazine. Archived from the original on 20 August 2014. Retrieved 20 August 2014. 
  9. ^ a b c d e f Furlonger, David (2 April 2012). "The FM interview". Financial Mail. Archived from the original on 23 August 2014. Retrieved 23 August 2014. 
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j O'Brien, Tracy (18 September 2010). "The Chicken Licken story". Leader.co.za. Archived from the original on 20 August 2014. Retrieved 20 August 2014. 
  11. ^ a b c d e "Chicken Licken lê talle goue eiers in SA" [Chicken Licken lays many golden eggs in SA]. Beeld (in Afrikaans). 3 October 2009. Archived from the original on 23 August 2014. Retrieved 22 August 2014. 
  12. ^ Daniels, Glenda (17 October 2011). "More meat on that chicken bone". Mail & Guardian. Archived from the original on 24 August 2014. Retrieved 24 August 2014. 
  13. ^ a b c d Alexander, Michele (18 July 2012). "Don't be chicken to succeed". Leadership. Archived from the original on 20 August 2014. Retrieved 20 August 2014. 
  14. ^ a b c d e f Formby, Heather (25 August 2006). "This fighter's not chicken". Financial Mail. Archived from the original on 23 September 2009. Retrieved 23 August 2014. 
  15. ^ "The Power of 40 Report 2013". Destiny. Retrieved 23 August 2014. 
  16. ^ a b c Koenderman, Tony (19 May 2011). "Food gets faster". Fin24. Archived from the original on 20 August 2014. Retrieved 20 August 2014. 
  17. ^ "A business with wings". City Press. 25 June 2011. Archived from the original on 20 August 2014. Retrieved 21 August 2014. 
  18. ^ Naidoo, Nicole Cassandra (25 October 2013). "Fast food outlets compete for a piece of the pie". CNBC Africa. Archived from the original on 24 August 2014. Retrieved 24 August 2014. 
  19. ^ Broughton, Tania (9 October 2012). "Feathers fly as food chain cries fowl". The Mercury. Archived from the original on 20 August 2014. Retrieved 21 August 2014. 
  20. ^ Gallagher, Christina (9 September 2006). "Chicken Licken fights for its soul". IOL. Archived from the original on 20 August 2014. Retrieved 20 August 2014. 
  21. ^ Alberts, Wim (April 2009). "Soul food: Intellectual Property". Without Prejudice 9 (3): 28–29. Archived from the original on 20 August 2014. Retrieved 20 August 2014. 
  22. ^ Prinsloo, Loni (19 May 2013). "Nando's hots up as competition bites". Business Day. Archived from the original on 23 August 2014. Retrieved 23 August 2014. 
  23. ^ Nieman, Gideon; Pretorius, Marius (2004). Managing Growth: A Guide for Entrepreneurs. Cape Town: Juta Academic. p. 78. ISBN 9780702161254. Retrieved 23 August 2014. 
  24. ^ Matutu, Nolulamo (9 June 2009). "Famous Brands: eyeing chicken?". Fin24. Archived from the original on 23 August 2014. Retrieved 23 August 2014. The strongest players in the chicken fast food space are KFC, Chicken Licken, Nando's and Shoprite's Hungry Lion. 
  25. ^ "Top Brands". Sunday Times. 19 August 2007. Archived from the original on 17 June 2012. Retrieved 23 August 2014. 
  26. ^ Mboweni-de Klerk, RCM (2008). Children's Preferences of Fast Food (M.Com. thesis). University of Johannesburg. Archived from the original on 23 August 2014. 
  27. ^ "Chicken Licken repositions brand". Screen Africa. 3 April 2009. Archived from the original on 21 August 2014. Retrieved 21 August 2014. 
  28. ^ "Net#work BBDOs New Chicken Licken TV ad brings the ants out of the woodwork!". The Marketing Site. 5 August 2010. Archived from the original on 21 August 2014. Retrieved 21 August 2014. 
  29. ^ a b "Net#Work brings truckloads of laughs for Chicken Licken's new burger". Marketing Update. 4 June 2014. Archived from the original on 23 August 2014. Retrieved 23 August 2014. 
  30. ^ Smith, Theresa (28 July 2011). "Acting veteran keeps the passion alive". IOL. Archived from the original on 23 August 2014. Retrieved 23 August 2014. 
  31. ^ "The cast: Joe Mafela". Mail & Guardian. 11 August 2011. Archived from the original on 23 August 2014. Retrieved 23 August 2014. 
  32. ^ Taunyane, Molebogeng (2 July 2006). "A seasoned Chicken Licken". City Press. Archived from the original on 23 August 2014. Retrieved 23 August 2014. 
  33. ^ "Dr Phunk se epiese TV-avontuur" [Dr Phunk's epic TV-adventure]. Beeld (in Afrikaans). 11 July 2005. Archived from the original on 23 August 2014. Retrieved 23 August 2014. 
  34. ^ "Chicken Licken CEO flies off as inaugural Marketer of the Year". Bizcommunity.com. 23 May 2007. Archived from the original on 21 August 2014. Retrieved 21 August 2014. 
  35. ^ Sosibo, Kwanele (17 August 2007). "Hotstix: Still playing with fire". Mail & Guardian. Archived from the original on 23 August 2014. Retrieved 22 August 2014. 
  36. ^ Koenderman, Tony (22 September 2013). "Cape Agencies make the running at Loerie Awards". Finweek. Archived from the original on 23 August 2014. Retrieved 22 August 2014. 
  37. ^ Bleby, Michael (6 August 2012). "Rainbow Chicken profit up 21% but sales remain under pressure". Business Day. Archived from the original on 23 August 2014. Retrieved 22 August 2014. 

External links[edit]

Chicken Licken on Twitter