Chiddingfold

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Chiddingfold
Chiddingfold Green.JPG
Chiddingfold village green
Chiddingfold is located in Surrey
Chiddingfold
Chiddingfold
 Chiddingfold shown within Surrey
Area  28.18 km2 (10.88 sq mi)
Population 2,960 (Civil Parish)[1]
   – density  105 /km2 (270 /sq mi)
OS grid reference SU961355
Civil parish Chiddingfold
District Waverley
Shire county Surrey
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Haslemere
Postcode district GU8
Dialling code 01428
Police Surrey
Fire Surrey
Ambulance South East Coast
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament South West Surrey
List of places
UK
England
Surrey

Coordinates: 51°06′41″N 0°37′42″W / 51.1113°N 0.6282°W / 51.1113; -0.6282

Chiddingfold is a village and civil parish in The Weald in the Waverley district of Surrey, England. It lies on the A283 road between Milford and Petworth. The parish includes the hamlets of Ansteadbrook, High Street Green and Combe Common.

Chiddingfold Forest, a Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI), lies mostly within its boundaries.

History[edit]

The name of Chiddingfold "Chadynge's fold", "Chiddingefoulde", is derived from the Saxon, probably meaning the fold (enclosure for animals) "in the hollow".[2]

Chiddingfold became famous for its glass-making - during the reign of Elizabeth I, there were no fewer than eleven glass works on the green. Chiddingfold glass was used in some of the finest buildings in the land, including St Stephen's Chapel, Westminster, and St George's Chapel, Windsor.

Bonfire on the Green

The Guy Fawkes festivities has an interesting past. In 1887 the village policeman had his house attacked by a mob, and was transferred, following suspicion he had set the bonfire alight early.[3] 1929 saw similar, with wider unrest, culminating a week later with a rumour of apprehending the innocent Sgt Brake and ducking him in the pond being met by 200 officers from all over Surrey[clarification needed] in specially requisitioned buses; the village pubs were ordered to close and a JP was on hand to read the Riot Act should it have proved necessary.[4]

There was, from a date in the 19th century until the early 20th century, a tile and brickworks, extracting and processing the clay underlying the parish.[5]

Chiddingfold has an archive which shows the history of Chiddingfold and the previous owners of Chiddingfold houses.

Amenities[edit]

The Crown Inn[edit]

The Crown Inn.
The main street.

The Crown Inn is one of the oldest inns in England. Built as a rest house for Cistercian monks on their pilgrimage from Winchester to the shrine of Thomas Becket in Canterbury, it claims to have been established in 1285 with the earliest recorded reference to the present building dated 1383; probably when the alehouse (the Halle) expanded to include accommodation, thus becoming an inn. Subsequently it merged with the adjoining alehouse through common ownership. The Crown has seen many distinguished visitors down the years. In 1552, Edward VI, the "boy king", attended by high officials of state, courtiers, peers and some 4000 men encamped on the village green. It is reputed that in 1591 his elder sister, Queen Elizabeth I, "sojourned there for refreshment" en route from Loseley Park to Cowdray Park: her expense roll for the journey showing two shillings being paid for a tonne of wine to be transported to the village from Ripley.[3][4]

Other[edit]

A church (St Mary's), pond, shops and houses lie on three sides of the village green, with the forge on it. Almost half of the land is forested, matching its location within Anglo Saxon England, within The Weald.[3]

The two hearths in Chiddingfold forge seen in 2014. The main entrance from NW seen at each end of the image

The Chiddingfold Scout Group is very active with about 100 boys and girls as Beavers, Cubs and Scouts.

Chiddingfold has a doctors' surgery.[6]

Events[edit]

The village is known for its torchlit procession, bonfire and fireworks display on the Saturday evening closest to November 5 (Guy Fawkes Day). The bonfire takes weeks to build and is generally as big as a block of flats. A village festival is also held every year on the village green on a Sunday in June. There is an art festival in the village hall over a weekend in September or October. Chiddingfold Horticultural Society holds competitions.

Hamlets[edit]

Ansteadbrook[edit]

This minute southern settlement has a brook of the same name that rises just 2 miles (3.2 km) west at the larger hamlet of Almshouse Common in Haslemere civil parish and passes Lythe Hill Farm and Hotel, (architecturally in the second highest category), Grade II* listed[7] above where further springs add to the flow on both sides of the brook.

In the hamlet itself Petworth Road, a road east from Haslemere forms a junction with Killinghurst Lane that leads towards Chiddingfold, where all the cottages are yet there are a remarkable line of four listed buildings for such a tiny settlement further along Petworth Road near the border with West Sussex are Benham's Stud Farm and its Barn,[8] Huntingfords[9] and Cherry Tree Cottage.[10]

Highstreet Green[edit]

This hamlet also lies on a small connecting road in a very wooded area starting 1 mile (1.6 km) southeast of Chiddingfold, at its centre is Dunsfold Ryse Farm and typical of the area, a Grade II listed, timber framed, 16th century house, Quince Cottage.[11]

Combe Common[edit]

At the western fringe of the village centre is this common which plays host to events in the summer, and which residents of nearby roads sometimes include as their locality.[12]

Media links[edit]

The punk-associated group The Stranglers, then called The Guildford Stranglers, were based in Chiddingfold during their key formative period in the mid seventies, sometimes using the name "The Chiddingfold Chokers" and frequenting "The Crown".[4] The rock band Genesis built their studio The Farm in the parish in the early 1980s; they also rehearsed at the Chiddingfold Ex-Servicemen's Club and side-project Mike + The Mechanics shot the video for their 1995 hit, Over My Shoulder, on the village cricket green.

Chiddingfold is referred to in a Mr Cholmondley-Warner sketch from Harry Enfield's TV series, in which a newsreel - supposedly from 1940 - looks forward to "life in 1990" and predicts that the United States would have come back under British rule, with New York City renaming itself "Chiddingfold-on-Sea".

The pop band XTC referred to Chiddingfold House under their moniker 'The Dukes Of Stratosphear' in their song "The Mole From The Ministry".

Demography and housing[edit]

Panoramic of the eastern sector of Chiddingfold village green. The site of the bonfire in the left foreground.
2011 Census Homes
Output area Detached Semi-detached Terraced Flats and apartments Caravans/temporary/mobile homes shared between households[1]
(Civil Parish) 511 429 92 87 0 0

The average level of accommodation in the region composed of detached houses was 28%, the average that was apartments was 22.6%.

2011 Census Key Statistics
Output area Population Households % Owned outright % Owned with a loan hectares[1]
(Civil Parish) 2,960 1,119 37.2% 39.4% 2,818

The proportion of households in the civil parish who owned their home outright compares to the regional average of 35.1%. The proportion who owned their home with a loan compares to the regional average of 32.5%. The remaining % is made up of rented dwellings (plus a negligible % of households living rent-free).

Notable residents[edit]

The refurbished Pavilion, with newly built ground store to the left

The French-born abstract artist François Lanzi lived in Chiddingfold until his death in 1988.[13]

Socialite Viva Seton Montgomerie spent her final years in the village.

Further reading[edit]

  • Alan Bott The Parish Church of Saint Mary, Chiddingfold 2009 Available from the church
  • David Graham and Audrey Graham, with a contribution by Phil Jones "Recent investigations on the site of the Roman buildings at White Beech, Chiddingfold" Surrey Archaeological Collections, 96, 175-189, 2011

References[edit]

External links[edit]