Chief Justice of Zanzibar

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The Chief Justice of Zanzibar is the highest judge of Zanzibar, part of the state United Republic of Tanzania. He is appointed by the President of Zanzibar in consultation with the Judicial Services Commission and presides over the High Court for Zanzibar.[1]

History[edit]

Zanzibar became a British protectorate following the Anglo-German Agreement of 1890.[2] An Order of Council created Her Britannic Majesty's Court for Zanzibar with a presiding judge in 1897[3] and another Order established the High Court in 1925.[4] The protectorate gained its independence in December 1963 as a constitutional monarchy and after a revolution a month later was transformed into the Republic of Zanzibar and Pemba.[5]

In 1964 it merged with Tanganyika into the United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar, which later in that year was renamed to United Republic of Tanzania.[6] Despite the unification both parts of the new state retained their former judicial systems.

Chief Judges of Zanzibar[edit]

Chief Justices of Zanzibar[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Zanzibar: Constitution". Electoral Institute of Southern Africa. Retrieved 29 December 2009. 
  2. ^ Bennett (1978), p. 162
  3. ^ Oliver and Low (1976), p. 351
  4. ^ The London Gazette: no. 33085. pp. 6083–6084. 18 September 1925. Retrieved 29 December 2009.
  5. ^ Bennett (1978), p. 266
  6. ^ Heyns (1997), p. 283
  7. ^ The London Gazette: no. 26883. p. 4609. 17 August 1897. Retrieved 29 December 2009.
  8. ^ The London Gazette: no. 27352. p. 5875. 6 September 1901. Retrieved 29 December 2009.
  9. ^ The London Gazette: no. 27669. p. 2582. 22 May 1904. Retrieved 29 December 2009.
  10. ^ Mercer (1923), p. 690
  11. ^ a b "Who's Who (1935), p. 3336
  12. ^ "Who's Who (1935), p. 2647
  13. ^ The London Gazette: no. 34007. p. 8315. 22 December 1933. Retrieved 27 December 2009.
  14. ^ The London Gazette: no. 34730. p. 7573. 10 November 1939. Retrieved 27 December 2009.
  15. ^ The London Gazette: no. 35414. p. 195. 9 January 1942. Retrieved 27 December 2009.
  16. ^ The London Gazette: no. 39622. p. 4297. 12 September 1952. Retrieved 27 December 2009.
  17. ^ The London Gazette: no. 40554. p. 4491. 5 August 1955. Retrieved 27 December 2009.
  18. ^ The London Gazette: no. 41648. p. 1494. 3 March 1959. Retrieved 27 December 2009.

References[edit]

  • Bennett, Norman Robert (1978). A History of the Arab State of Zanzibar. London: Methuen & Co Ltd. ISBN 0-416-55080-0. 
  • Heyns, Christof (1997). Human Rights Law in Africa, 1997. vol. II. The Hague: Kluwer Law International. ISBN 90-411-1113-1. 
  • Sir William Mercer, ed. (1923). The Colonial Office List for 1923. London: Waterlow and Sons. 
  • Roland Anthony Oliver and Donald Anthony Low (1976). History of East Africa. vol. III. Clarendon Press. ISBN 0-19-821680-7. 
  • Who's Who 1935. London: Adam & Charles Black Ltd. 1935.