Chief Justice of Pakistan

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Chief Justice of Pakistan
Emblem of the Supreme Court of Pakistan.svg
Incumbent
Justice Nasir-ul-Mulk

since 6 July 2014
Member of Mr. Chief Justice[1]
(Informal)
The Honorable
(Formal)
Your Honor
(When addressed directly in court)
My Lord
(informal, historical)[citation needed]
Seat Islamabad
Nominator Prime Minister of Pakistan
Appointer President of Pakistan
Term length 3-to-5 years
Formation Constitution of Pakistan
27 June 1949
First holder Sir Abdul Rashid
(as Federal Chief Justice)
Pakistan
Emblem of the Supreme Court of Pakistan.svg

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The Chief Justice of Pakistan (Urdu:چيف جسٹس پاكستان; initials as CJP), is the head of the court system of Pakistan (the judicature branch of government) and the chief judge of the Supreme Court of Pakistan.[2] The Chief Justice is one of the most senior of 16 Senior Justices of the Supreme Court of Pakistan.[3] From 1947 until 1960, the chief justice and senior justices were known as Federal Judge.[4]

The Chief Justice is the chief administrative officer of country's court system and a highest judicial officer, supervising federal judicial policies and conducting judicial business in the Supreme Court.[5][6] Nominations for the appointment of Chief Justice is made by Prime Minister of Pakistan and final appointments are confirmed by the President of Pakistan.[7][8] Presiding over the oral arguments before the court, the Chief Justice leads significant agenda-setting power over the court's meeting. In modern tradition, the Chief Justice has the ceremonial duty of administering the oath of office of the President of Pakistan.[9]

The first Chief Justice was Sir Abdul Rashid.[1] The 22nd and current Chief Justice is Nasir-ul-Mulk, incumbent since 6 July 2014.[10]

Origin, title, and appointment to the post[edit]

Constitutional authority[edit]

Disability or vacancy[edit]

Past Chief Justices[edit]

No. Name Nominations by Term start (oath) Term end Length of term Length of retirement Date of death President
Appointee
1 Sir Abdul Rashid Constitution of Pakistan 27 June 1949 29 June 1954 02,0791,828 days 12,37533,732 days 1829-05-17November 6, 1981(1981-11-06) Muhammad Ali Jinnah
(as governor-general)
2 Muhammad Munir Malik Ghulam 29 June 1954 2 May 1960 02,0792,134 days 12,37530,764 days 1829-05-17July 26, 1979(1979-07-26) Malik Ghulam
(as governor-general)
3 Shahabuddin Ayub Khan 3 May 1960 12 May 1960 02,0796 days 12,37523,740 days 1829-05-17May 12, 1960(1960-05-12) Ayub Khan
4 Alvin Cornelius Ayub Khan 13 May 1960 29 February 1968 02,0792,848 days 32,369 days 1829-05-17December 21, 1991(1991-12-21) Ayub Khan
5 Dr. S. Abdur Rehman Ayub Khan 1 March 1968 3 June 1968 02,07994 days 31,828 days 1829-05-17July 25, 1990(1990-07-25) Ayub Khan
6 Fazal Akbar Ayub Khan 4 June 1968 17 November 1968 02,079166 days No Data No Data Ayub Khan
7 Hamoodur Rahman Ayub Khan 18 November 1968 31 October 1975 02,0792,538 days 23,740 days 1829-05-17October 31, 1975(1975-10-31) Ayub Khan
8 Muhammad Yaqub Ali Zulfikar Bhutto
(Prime Minister)
1 November 1975 22 September 1977 02,079691 days No Data No Data Fazal Ilahi
9 ·S. Anwarul Haq Constitution of Pakistan 23 September 1977 25 March 1981 02,079874 days 28,420 days 1829-05-17March 3, 1995(1995-03-03) Fazal Ilahi
10 Mohammad Haleem Zia-ul-Haq 23 March 1981 31 December 1989 02,0793,205 days 29,783 days 1829-05-17August 11, 2006(2006-08-11) Zia-ul-Haq
11 Afzal Zullah Benazir Bhutto
(Prime Minister)
1 January 1990 18 April 1993 02,0791,203 days 30,563 days 1829-05-17December 23, 2011(2011-12-23) Ghulam Ishaq
12 Dr. Nasim Hasan Shah Nawaz Sharif
(Prime Minister)
17 April 1993 14 April 1994 02,0791,203 days 30,563 days 1829-05-17December 23, 2011(2011-12-23) Ghulam Ishaq
*Acting Saad Saud Jan Constitution of Pakistan 15 April 1994 4 June 1994 02,07950 days No Data No Data Constitution of Pakistan
13 Sajjad Ali Shah Benazir Bhutto
(Prime Minister)
5 June 1994 2 December 1997 02,0791,276 days No Data No Data Farooq Leghari
14 Ajmal Mian Nawaz Sharif
(Prime Minister)
23 December 1997 30 June 1999 02,079554 days No Data No Data Wasim Sajjad
as acting president
15 Saeeduzzaman Siddiqui Nawaz Sharif
(Prime Minister)
1 July 1999 26 January 2000
declined PCO; resigned
02,079239 days No Data No Data Rafiq Tarar
16 Irshad Hasan Khan Pervez Musharraf
(Chief Executive)
26 January 2000 6 January 2002 02,079711 days No Data No Data Rafiq Tarar
17 Bashir Jehangiri Constitution of Pakistan 7 January 2002 31 January 2002 02,07924 days No Data No Data Pervez Musharraf
18 Sheikh Riaz Ahmad Zafarullah Jamali
(Prime Minister)
1 February 2002 31 December 2003 02,079729 days No Data No Data Pervez Musharraf
19 Nazim Hussain Zafarullah Jamali
(Prime Minister)
31 December 2003 29 June 2005 02,079546 days No Data No Data Pervez Musharraf
20 Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry Shaukat Aziz
(Prime Minister)
30 June 2005 9 March 2007
(suspended)
N/A No Data No Data Pervez Musharraf
*Acting Javaid Iqbal Constitution of Pakistan 9 March 2007 24 March 2007 02,07915 days No Data No Data No Data
*Acting Rana Bhagwandas Constitution of Pakistan 24 March 2007 20 July 2007 02,07988 days No Data No Data No Data
20 Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry (Constitutional restoration) 20 July 2007 3 November 2007
(termination)
N/A No Data No Data No Data
±de Facto A. H. Dogar Pervez Musharraf
(Chief Executive)
3 November 2007 21 March 2009 02,079504 days No Data No Data No Data
20 Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry Yousaf Raza Gillani
(Prime Minister)
30 June 2005
(restored from original date of appointment)
11 December 2013 02,0793,086 days No Data No Data Asif Ali Zardari
21 T. Hussain Jillani Nawaz Sharif
(Prime Minister)
12 December 2013 6 July 2014 02,079206 days No Data No Data Mamnoon Hussain
22 Nasir-ul-Mulk Nawaz Sharif
(Prime Minister)
6 July 2014 present 0304304 days 00,000Incumbent 2015-05-6 Mamnoon Hussain
  • ± Recess appointment, later rejected by the Supreme Judicial Council
  • · Previous service as President of Pakistan
  • Died in office
  • a: All verdicts made under Abdul Hameed Dogar were annulled due to the illegality of the appointment

Time Line[edit]

Nasir-ul-Mulk Tassadduq Hussain Jillani Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry Abdul Hameed Dogar Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry Rana Bhagwandas Javaid Iqbal Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry Nazim Hussain Siddiqui Sheikh Riaz Ahmad Bashir Jehangiri Irshad Hasan Khan Saeeduzzaman Siddiqui Ajmal Mian Sajjad Ali Shah Saad Saud Jan Nasim Hasan Shah Muhammad Afzal Zullah Mohammad Haleem S. Anwarul Haq Muhammad Yaqub Ali Hamoodur Rahman Fazal Akbar S. A. Rahman A. R. Cornelius Muhammad Shahabuddin Muhammad Munir Abdul Rashid

See also[edit]

Notes and sources[edit]

  1. ^ a b Masood, Ahsan. "Names of the Chief Justices of the Supreme Court of Pakistan". http://masoodandmasood.com/. Masood and masood press. Retrieved 19 April 2015. 
  2. ^ et.al., various contributions (2012). Pakistan Business Law Handbook Strategic Information and Laws. Intl Business Pubns USA. ISBN 1438770715. Retrieved 19 April 2015. 
  3. ^ Manzoor, Saima; Manzoor,, Akif; Manzoor, Eng. Asif (2011). Police in Pakistan. New York, US: Lulu publications co. p. 350. ISBN 110599032X. Retrieved 19 April 2015. 
  4. ^ Shah, Ralph Braibanti ; foreward by Nasim Hasan (1999). Chief Justice Cornelius of Pakistan : an analysis with letters and speeches (2. impr. ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780195790184. 
  5. ^ Article 176 inThe Judicature Chapter 2 of Part VII of the Constitution of Pakistan
  6. ^ Article 175A in Chapter 1: The Courts. Part VII: The Judicature of the Constitution of Pakistan
  7. ^ Article 175A(12)-175A(13) in the Chapter 1: The Courts. of the Part Part VII: The Judicature of the Constitution of Pakistan
  8. ^ Supreme Court. "Judges Appointment & Court Composition" (GOOGLE CACHE (HTML)). http://www.supremecourt.gov.pk/. Islamabad, Pakistan: Supreme Court of Pakistan Press. Retrieved 19 April 2015. 
  9. ^ Article 178 in the Chapter 2: The Supreme Court of Pakistan of Part VII: The Judicature of Constitution of Pakistan
  10. ^ "Justice Nasir-ul-Mulk takes oath as new chief justice of Pakistan". Dawn. The Herald. 6 July 2014. Retrieved 6 July 2014. 

External sources[edit]