Chief Minister

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A Chief Minister is the elected head of government of a sub-national (e.g. constituent federal) entity, notably a state (and sometimes a union territory) in India, a territory of Australia,[1] provinces of Sri Lanka or Pakistan, or a British Overseas Territory that has attained self-government. It is also used as the English version of the title given to the heads of governments of the Malay states[2] without a monarchy.

The title is also used in the Crown dependencies of the Isle of Man (since 1986), in Guernsey (since 2004), and in Jersey (since 2005).

In Malaysia, it is used to refer to the heads of government, called in their Malay language term Ketua Menteri (literally Chief Minister), of the Malaysian states without a sultan, i.e., Malacca, Penang, Sabah and Sarawak, while the Malay language term Menteri Besar (literally Great Minister) is used in other states with a monarch.

By analogy the term is often applied to various other high ministerial offices, e.g. in a princely state before or during the British raj or the chancellors of the Chinese states.

Deputy chief minister[edit]

Deputy chief minister is an optional post in some States of India and is Second to the Chief Minister. In general practice the position is given to a member of the coalition party when the government is formed with the support of various parties. It can also be awarded to a member of the majority party who has substantial support of the legislature compared to the Chief Minister.

Chief Ministers around the world[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Department of the Chief Minister - Government and the department. Dcm.nt.gov.au. Retrieved on 2013-07-12.
  2. ^ "Malay Stats". Retrieved 2009-04-14.