List of Chief Ministers of Uttar Pradesh

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Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh
(Uttar Pradesh Mukhya Mantri)
Seal of Uttar Pradesh.png
Seal of Uttar Pradesh
Akhilesh Yadav.jpg
Incumbent
Akhilesh Yadav

since 15 March 2012
Appointer Governor of Uttar Pradesh
Inaugural holder Govind Ballabh Pant
Formation 26 January 1950

The Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh (UP), a north Indian state, is the head of the Government of Uttar Pradesh. As per the Constitution of India, the governor is the state's de jure head, but de facto executive authority rests with the chief minister. The post of Chief Minister is known in Hindi as Mukhyamantri. Following elections to the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly, the governor usually invites the party (or coalition) with a majority of seats to form the government. The governor appoints the chief minister, whose council of ministers are collectively responsible to the assembly. Given that he has the confidence of the assembly, the chief minister's term is for five years and is subject to no term limits.[1] In the case where a chief minister's term of office is terminated early or during the absence of the chief minister, President's rule is imposed in state.

There have been 20 chief ministers of Uttar Pradesh. the introduction of the post in 1950. The post was established when India was declared as a republic with the adoption of the Indian constitution. Apart from these twenty, three acting chief ministers have also been in office for short periods of time. The current chief minister is Akhilesh Yadav elected 15 March 2012.

United Provinces[edit]

The United Provinces, headquartered in Allahabad was a province of British India that comprised present day Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand. It was established in 1902 to be the headquarters of the English settlements on North India. Under the Government of India Act 1935, a bicameral legislature was set up with a legislative assembly and a legislative council.

No Name Term of office[2] Party
1 Muhammad Ahmad Said Khan Chhatari 3 April 1937 16 July 1937 Independent
2 Govind Ballabh Pant 17 July 1937 2 November 1939 Indian National Congress
Vacant
(2) Govind Ballabh Pant 1 April 1946 25 January 1950 Indian National Congress

Uttar Pradesh[edit]

After India's independence, the United Provinces were reorganised as Uttar Pradesh in 1957. On 26 January 1950 Govind Ballabh Pant, Premier of United Provinces, became the first Chief Minister of the newly renamed Uttar Pradesh.

Parties

      President's rule       Indian National Congress       Samajwadi Party       Bahujan Samaj Party       Bharatiya Janata Party       Janata Dal       Janata Party

No Name
Constituency
Term of office[2][3] Tenure length Party[a] Assembly[4]
(Election)
Ref
1 Govind Ballabh Pant
Barreilly Municipality
26 January 1950 27 December 1954 4 years, 335 days Indian National Congress Not yet created
First Assembly (1952–57)
(1951 election)
[5]
2 Sampurnanand
Varanasi City South
28 December 1954 6 December 1960 5 years, 344 days
Second Assembly (1957–62)
(1957 election)
[6]
3 Chandra Bhanu Gupta
Ranikhet South
7 December 1960 1 October 1963 2 years, 298 days
Third Assembly (1962–67)
(1962 election)
[7]
4 Sucheta Kriplani
Mendhwal
2 October 1963 13 March 1967 3 years, 162 days
(3) Chandra Bhanu Gupta [2]
Ranikhet
14 March 1967 2 April 1967 0 years, 19 days Fourth Assembly (1967–68)
(1967 election)
[8]
5 Charan Singh 3 April 1967 25 February 1968 0 years, 328 days Bharatiya Kranti Dal
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
25 February 1968 26 February 1969 1 year, 1 day N/A Dissolved
(3) Chandra Bhanu Gupta [3]
Ranikhet
26 February 1969 17 February 1970 0 years, 356 days Indian National Congress Fifth Assembly (1969–74)
(1969 election)
[10]
(5) Charan Singh [2]
Chaprauli
18 February 1970 1 October 1970 0 years, 225 days Bharatiya Kranti Dal
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
1 October 1970 18 October 1970 0 years, 17 days N/A
6 Tribhuvana Narayana Singh 18 October 1970 3 April 1971 0 years, 167 days Indian National Congress
7 Kamlapati Tripathi
Chandauli
4 April 1971 12 June 1973 2 years, 69 days
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
12 June 1973 8 November 1973 0 years, 149 days N/A
8 Hemwati Nandan Bahuguna
Bara
8 November 1973 29 November 1975 2 years, 21 days Indian National Congress
Sixth Assembly (1974–77)
(1974 election)
[11]
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
30 November 1975 21 January 1976 0 years, 52 days N/A
9 N. D. Tiwari
Kashipur
21 January 1976 30 April 1977 1 year, 99 days Indian National Congress
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
30 April 1977 23 June 1977 0 years, 54 days N/A Dissolved
10 Ram Naresh Yadav
23 June 1977 27 February 1979 1 year, 249 days Janata Party Seventh Assembly (1977–80)
(1977 election)
[12]
11 Banarsi Das
Hapur
28 February 1979 17 February 1980 0 years, 354 days
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
17 February 1980 9 June 1980 0 years, 113 days N/A Dissolved
12 V. P. Singh
Tindwar
9 June 1980 18 July 1982 2 years, 39 days Indian National Congress Eighth Assembly (1980–85)
(1980 election)
[13]
13 Sripati Mishra
19 July 1982 2 August 1984 2 years, 14 days
(9) N. D. Tiwari [2]
Kashipur
3 August 1984 24 September 1985 1 year, 52 days
Ninth Assembly (1985–89)
(1985 election)
[14]
14 Vir Bahadur Singh
Paniara
24 September 1985 24 June 1988 2 years, 274 days
(9) N. D. Tiwari [3] 25 June 1988 5 December 1989 1 year, 163 days
15 Mulayam Singh Yadav
Jaswantnagar
5 December 1989 24 June 1991 1 year, 201 days Janata Dal Tenth Assembly (1989–91)
(1989 election)
[15]
16 Kalyan Singh
Atrauli
24 June 1991 6 December 1992 1 year, 165 days Bharatiya Janata Party Eleventh Assembly (1991–92)
(1991 election)
[16]
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
6 December 1992 4 December 1993 0 years, 363 days N/A Dissolved
(15) Mulayam Singh Yadav [2]
Jaswantnagar
4 December 1993 3 June 1995 1 year, 181 days Samajwadi Party Twelfth Assembly (1993–95)
(1993 election)
[17]
17 Mayawati
3 June 1995 18 October 1995 0 years, 137 days Bahujan Samaj Party
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
18 October 1995 21 March 1997 1 year, 154 days N/A Dissolved
Thirteenth Assembly (1996–2002)
(1996 election)
[18]
(17) Mayawati [2]
Harora
21 March 1997 21 September 1997 0 years, 184 days Bahujan Samaj Party
(16) Kalyan Singh [2]
Atrauli
21 September 1997 12 November 1999 2 years, 52 days Bharatiya Janata Party
18 Ram Prakash Gupta 12 November 1999 28 October 2000 0 years, 351 days
19 Rajnath Singh
Haidargarh
28 October 2000 8 March 2002 1 year, 131 days
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
8 March 2002 3 May 2002 0 years, 56 days N/A Fourteenth Assembly (2002–07)
(2002 election)
[19]
(17) Mayawati [3]
Harora
3 May 2002 29 August 2003 1 year, 118 days Bahujan Samaj Party
(15) Mulayam Singh Yadav [3] 29 August 2003 13 May 2007 3 years, 257 days Samajwadi Party
(17) Mayawati [4]
None (MLC)
13 May 2007 7 March 2012 4 years, 360 days Bahujan Samaj Party Fifteenth Assembly (2007–12)
(2007 election)
[20]
20 Akhilesh Yadav
None (MLC)
15 March 2012 Incumbent 2 years, 109 days Samajwadi Party Sixteenth Assembly (2012–17)
(2012 election)
[21]
  1. ^ This column only names the chief minister's party. The state government he heads may be a complex coalition of several parties and independents; these are not listed here.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i When President's rule is in force in a state, its council of ministers stands dissolved. The office of chief minister thus lies vacant. At times, the legislative assembly also stands dissolved.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Durga Das Basu. Introduction to the Constitution of India. 1960. 20th Edition, 2011 Reprint. pp. 241, 245. LexisNexis Butterworths Wadhwa Nagpur. ISBN 978-81-8038-559-9. Note: although the text talks about Indian state governments in general, it applies for the specific case of Uttar Pradesh as well.
  2. ^ a b Chief Ministers. Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly. Retrieved on 27 July 2013.
  3. ^ President's rule. Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly. Retrieved on 27 July 2013.
  4. ^ Date of Constitution & Dissolution of Uttar Pradesh Vidhan Sabha. Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly. Retrieved on 27 July 2013.
  5. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1951, to the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh" [pdf]. Election Commission of India. Retrieved on 28 July 2013.
  6. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1957, to the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh" [pdf]. Election Commission of India. Retrieved on 28 July 2013.
  7. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1962, to the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh" [pdf]. Election Commission of India. Retrieved on 28 July 2013.
  8. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1967, to the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh" [pdf]. Election Commission of India. Retrieved on 28 July 2013.
  9. ^ Amberish K. Diwanji. "A dummy's guide to President's rule". Rediff.com. 15 March 2005. Retrieved on 3 March 2013.
  10. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1969, to the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh" [pdf]. Election Commission of India. Retrieved on 28 July 2013.
  11. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1974, to the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh" [pdf]. Election Commission of India. Retrieved on 28 July 2013.
  12. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1977, to the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh" [pdf]. Election Commission of India. Retrieved on 28 July 2013.
  13. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1980, to the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh" [pdf]. Election Commission of India. Retrieved on 28 July 2013.
  14. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1985, to the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh" [pdf]. Election Commission of India. Retrieved on 28 July 2013.
  15. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1989, to the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh" [pdf]. Election Commission of India. Retrieved on 28 July 2013.
  16. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1991, to the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh" [pdf]. Election Commission of India. Retrieved on 28 July 2013.
  17. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1993, to the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh" [pdf]. Election Commission of India. Retrieved on 28 July 2013.
  18. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1996, to the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh" [pdf]. Election Commission of India. Retrieved on 28 July 2013.
  19. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 2002, to the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh" [pdf]. Election Commission of India. Retrieved on 28 July 2013.
  20. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 2007, to the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh" [pdf]. Election Commission of India. Retrieved on 28 July 2013.
  21. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 2012, to the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh" [pdf]. Election Commission of India. Retrieved on 28 July 2013.

External links[edit]