Chief of Army Staff (Pakistan)
|Chief of Staff of the Pakistan Army
Flag of the Chief of Staff of the Army
|Seat||General Headquarters (Pakistan Army)|
|Appointer||The President of Pakistan|
|Precursor||Chief of Army Staff (Pakistan)|
|Formation||15 August 1947|
|First holder||General Frank Messervy|
|Deputy||Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee|
The Chief of Army Staff of Pakistan Army, (reporting name: COAS), is the four-star rank appointment in the Pakistan Army, held by the senior four-star rank officer appointed by the President of Pakistan, on a summary sent by the Prime Minister of Pakistan. The Chief of Army Staff post has historically been vested with proportionately more powers because of the recurrent military takeovers in the country. It is the highest and most prestigious four-star assignment, unless the four-star officer is appointed as the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee of the Pakistan Armed Forces. The appointment is in principle for three years subject to extensions granted by The President of Pakistan on recommendation from The Prime Minister of Pakistan. The appointment is vested with complete operational, training and logistics commands unlike the pattern followed in Western Commands where the Chief of Army Staff is the training and logistics chief while operational command rests with the Ministry of Defense. The current Chief of Army Staff is General Raheel Sharif. The COAS operates from Army Combatant General Headquarters (GHQ) in Rawalpindi, the twin city of the capital Islamabad. Under the Constitution of 1973 presently in vogue, the Chief of Army Staff is subordinate to the Defense Minister of Pakistan, Secretary General/Secretary Defense and reports directly to the civilian leadership.
List of Chiefs of Army Staff
|#||Name||Photo||Term||Unit of Commission||Decorations|
|1.||General Sir Frank Messervy||15 August 1947 – 10 February 1948||9th Hodson's Horse||KCSI, KBE, CB, DSO|
|2.||General Sir Douglas Gracey||11 February 1948 – 16 January 1951||1st Gurkha Rifles||KCB, KCIE, CBE, MC|
|3.||Field Marshal Muhammad Ayub Khan||16 January 1951 – 26 October 1958||1/14 Punjab Regiment||NPk, HPk, HJ, GCMG, MBE|
|4.||General Muhammad Musa||27 October 1958 – 17 June 1966||6/13 Frontier Force Rifles||HPk, HJ, HQA, MBE|
|5.||General Muhammad Yahya Khan||18 June 1966 – 20 December 1971||4/10 Baluch Regiment||HPk, HJ, SPk|
|6.||Lieutenant General Gul Hassan Khan||20 December 1971 – 3 March 1972||Armoured Corps||SPk, SQA|
|7.||General Tikka Khan||3 March 1972 – 1 March 1976||Artillery||HJ, HQA, SPk|
|8.||General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq||1 March 1976 – 17 August 1988||Armoured Corps|
|9.||General Mirza Aslam Beg||17 August 1988 – 16 August 1991||Baloch Regiment||NI(M), SBt|
|10.||General Asif Nawaz||16 August 1991 – 8 January 1993||Punjab Regiment||NI(M), SBt (Bar)|
|11.||General Abdul Waheed||11 January 1993 – 12 January 1996||Frontier Force Regiment||NI(M), SBt|
|12.||General Jehangir Karamat||12 January 1996 – 6 October 1998||Armoured Corps||NI(M), TBt|
|13.||General Pervez Musharraf||6 October 1998 – 28 November 2007||Artillery||NI(M), TBt|
|14.||General Ashfaq Parvez Kayani||29 November 2007 – 29 November 2013||Baloch Regiment||NI(M), HI|
|15.||General Raheel Sharif||29 November 2013 – Present||Frontier Force Regiment||NI(M), HI|
List of Army Vice Chiefs
The post of Vice Chiefs of Army Staff existed whenever the Chief of Army Staff was also the President of Pakistan.
|No.||Name||Term of Appointment||Unit of Commission||Decorations|
|1||General Abdul Hamid Khan||25 March 1969 – 20 December 1971||Baloch Regiment||HQA, SPk|
|2||General Mohammad Sawar Khan||13 April 1980 – 23 March 1984||Artillery||NI(M)|
|3||General Khalid Mahmud Arif||22 March 1984 – 29 March 1987||Armoured Corps||NI(M), SBt|
|4||General Mirza Aslam Beg||29 March 1987 – 17 August 1988||Baloch Regiment||NI(M), SBt|
|5||General Muhammad Yusaf Khan||8 October 2001 – 6 October 2004||Armoured Corps||NI(M)|
|6||General Ahsan Saleem Hayat||7 October 2004 – 7 October 2007||Armoured Corps||NI(M)|
|7||General Ashfaq Pervez Kayani||8 October 2007 – 28 November 2007||Baloch Regiment||NI(M), HI|
- "Lt Gen Raheel appointed as new COAS, Lt Gen Rashad as CJCSC". The News. 27 Nov 2013. Retrieved 16 Dec 2013.
- "New Pakistan army chief takes command". news.yahoo.com. Retrieved 16 Dec 2013.
- "Will retire on November 29, Kayani confirms". The Express Tribune. 6 Oct 2013. Retrieved 16 Dec 2013.
- Menon, Meena (28 Nov 2013). "Raheel Sharif is new chief of Pakistan Army". The Hindu. Retrieved 16 Dec 2013.
- "Pakistan: Army and Paramilitary Forces". www.factba.se. Retrieved 16 Dec 2013.
- "The Army Chief's". www.pakistanarmy.gov.pk. Retrieved 16 dec 2013.