Chief of Naval Operations

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Chief Naval Operations
CNO
US-ChiefOfNavalOperations-Flag.svg
Flag of the Chief of Naval Operations
ChiefOfNavalOperationsSeal.png
Seal of the Chief of Naval Operations
Admiral Jonathan W. Greenert (CNO).jpg
Incumbent
Admiral Jonathan W. Greenert

since September 23, 2011
Department of the Navy
Member of Joint Chiefs of Staff
Reports to Secretary of Defense
Secretary of the Navy
Appointer The President
Term length 4 years
Renewable
Constituting instrument 10 U.S.C. § 5033
Formation May 11, 1915
First holder ADM William S. Benson
Deputy Vice Chief of Naval Operations
Website Official Website

The Chief of Naval Operations (CNO) is a statutory office (10 U.S.C. § 5033) held by a four-star admiral in the United States Navy, and is the most senior naval officer assigned to serve in the Department of the Navy. The office is a military adviser and deputy to the Secretary of the Navy. In a separate capacity as a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (10 U.S.C. § 151) the CNO is a military adviser to the National Security Council, the Homeland Security Council, the Secretary of Defense, and the President. The current Chief of Naval Operations is Admiral Jonathan W. Greenert.

The Chief of Naval Operations is an administrative position based in the Pentagon, and while the CNO does not have operational command authority over Naval forces as the title implies (that is nowadays within the purview of the Combatant Commanders who report to the Secretary of Defense), the CNO does exercise supervision of Navy organizations as the designee of the Secretary of the Navy.

Responsibilities[edit]

Department of the Navy[edit]

The CNO reports directly to the Secretary of the Navy for the command, utilization of resources, and operating efficiency of the operating forces of the Navy and of the Navy shore activities assigned by the Secretary.[1] Under the authority of the Secretary of the Navy, the CNO also designates naval personnel and naval resources to the commanders of Unified Combatant Commands.[2][3] The CNO also performs all other functions prescribed under 10 U.S.C. § 5033 and those assigned by the secretary[2] or delegates those duties and responsibilities to other officers in his administration. The CNO is typically the highest-ranking officer on active duty in the Navy unless the Chairman and/or the Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff are naval officers. Like the other joint chiefs, the CNO is an administrative position and has no operational command authority over United States naval forces.[1]

Office of the Chief of Naval Operations[edit]

The Chief of Naval Operations presides over the Office of the Chief of Naval Operations (OpNav),[4] which is one of three headquarters staffs in Department of the Navy (the others being the Office of the Secretary of the Navy and Headquarters Marine Corps.)

Policy documents are issued in the form of OPNAV Instructions.

Appointment[edit]

The Chief of Naval Operations is nominated by the President for appointment and must be confirmed by the Senate.[5] A requirement for being Chief of Naval Operations is having significant experience in joint duty assignments, which includes at least one full tour of duty in a joint duty assignment as a flag officer.[5] However, the president may waive those requirements if he determines that appointing the officer is necessary for the national interest.[5] By statute, the CNO is appointed as a four-star admiral.[5]

Official Residence[edit]

Number One Observatory Circle, located on the northeast grounds of the United States Naval Observatory in Washington, DC, was built in 1893 for its superintendent. The Chief of Naval Operations liked the house so much that in 1923 he took over the house as his own official residence. It remained the residence of the CNO until 1974, when Congress authorized its transformation to an official residence for the Vice President.[6] The Chief of Naval Operations currently resides in Quarters A in the Washington Naval Yard.

List of Chiefs of Naval Operations (1915 – present)[edit]

The position of CNO replaced the position of Aide for Naval Operations, which was a position established by regulation rather than statutory law.

Mullen (CNO in December 2006) with some of his predecessors: Clark, Watkins, Hayward and Johnson
No. Image Name Tenure
Began Ended Days of Service
1 William S. Benson.jpg ADM William S. Benson 11 May 1915 25 September 1919 1598
2 Robert E. Coontz.jpg ADM Robert E. Coontz 1 November 1919 21 July 1923 1358
3 Edward Walter Eberle.jpg ADM Edward W. Eberle 21 July 1923 14 November 1927 1577
4 Charles Frederick Hughes.jpg ADM Charles F. Hughes 14 November 1927 17 September 1930 1099
5 William Veazie Pratt.jpg ADM William V. Pratt 17 September 1930 30 June 1933 1017
6 William H Standley.jpg ADM William H. Standley 1 July 1933 1 January 1937 1280
7 William Leahy cropped.jpg FADM William D. Leahy 2 January 1937 1 August 1939 941
8 Harold Rainsford Stark.jpg ADM Harold R. Stark 1 August 1939 2 March 1942 944
9 FADM Ernest J. King.jpg FADM Ernest J. King 2 March 1942 15 December 1945 1384
10 Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz portrait.jpg FADM Chester W. Nimitz 15 December 1945 15 December 1947 730
11 Louis E. Denfeld.jpg ADM Louis E. Denfeld 15 December 1947 2 November 1949 688
12 Forrest P SHerman.jpg ADM Forrest P. Sherman 2 November 1949 22 July 1951 627
13 William Fechteler.jpg ADM William M. Fechteler 16 August 1951 17 August 1953 732
14 Robert Bostwick Carney.jpg ADM Robert B. Carney 17 August 1953 17 August 1955 730
15 ADM Burke, Arleigh (CNO).jpg ADM Arleigh A. Burke 17 August 1955 1 August 1961 2176
16 Georgewandersonjr(big).gif ADM George W. Anderson Jr. 1 August 1961 1 August 1963 730
17 ADM McDonald, David Lamar.jpg ADM David L. McDonald 1 August 1963 1 August 1967 1461
18 ADM Thomas Moorer.JPG ADM Thomas H. Moorer 1 August 1967 1 July 1970 1065
19 Elmo Zumwalt.jpg ADM Elmo R. Zumwalt 1 July 1970 29 June 1974 1459
20 James Holloway III.jpg ADM James L. Holloway III 29 June 1974 1 July 1978 1463
21 ADM Hayward, Thomas B CNO Official Portrait.jpg ADM Thomas B. Hayward 1 July 1978 30 June 1982 1460
22 Admiral James Watkins, official military photo.JPEG ADM James D. Watkins 30 June 1982 30 June 1986 1461
23 Admiral Carlisle Trost, official military photo.JPEG ADM Carlisle A.H. Trost 1 July 1986 29 June 1990 1459
24 Admiral Frank Kelso, official military photo.JPEG ADM Frank B. Kelso II 29 June 1990 23 April 1994 1394
25 Jeremy M. Boorda.jpg ADM Jeremy M. Boorda 23 April 1994 16 May 1996 754
26 Admiral Jay Johnson, official military photo.JPEG ADM Jay L. Johnson 16 May 1996 21 July 2000 1527
27 VernClark.jpg ADM Vern Clark 21 July 2000 22 July 2005 1827
28 Admiral Michael Mullen, official Navy photograph.jpg ADM Michael Mullen 22 July 2005 29 September 2007 860
29 ADM Gary Roughead CNO.jpg ADM Gary Roughead 29 September 2007 23 September 2011 1394
30 Admiral Jonathan W. Greenert (CNO).jpg ADM Jonathan W. Greenert 23 September 2011 Present 1128

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "The US Navy". Retrieved 24 September 2007. 
  2. ^ a b [1] 10 USC 5013(f). Secretary of the Navy
  3. ^ [2] 10 USC 165. Combatant commands: administration and support
  4. ^ navy.mil Chief of Naval Operations − Responsibilities. Retrieved 3 July 2010.
  5. ^ a b c d "10 USC 5033. Chief of Naval Operations". Retrieved 24 September 2007. 
  6. ^ "The Vice President's Residence". 

External links[edit]