General Staff of the Republic of Turkey

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Flag of General Staff of the Republic of Turkey
General Staff of the Turkish Armed Forces, Çankaya, Ankara.

The General Staff of the Republic of Turkey (Turkish: Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Genelkurmay Başkanlığı, abbreviation: T.C. Gnkur. Bşk.) presides over the Armed Forces of the Republic of Turkey, comprising the Army, Navy, Air Force and Special Forces Command. The General Command of the Gendarmerie and the Coast Guard, which operate as parts of the internal security forces in peacetime, are subordinate to the Army and Navy Commands, respectively, in wartime, and both have law enforcement and military functions.

Chief of the General Staff[edit]

The Chief of the General Staff is the Commander of the Armed Forces. The current Chief of the General Staff is Necdet Özel.[1] According to the Constitution of Turkey, the Chief of the General Staff reports to the Prime Minister during peacetime and serves as Commander of the Turkish Armed Forces. During peacetime, the Gendarmerie and the Coast Guard, as part of the internal security forces, are affiliated with the Ministry of Interior Affairs at peacetime, whereas at war-time, they fall under the Army Command and Navy Command, respectively.

In times of war, the Chief of the General Staff assumes the authority of Commander in Chief on behalf of the President. Commanding the Armed Forces and establishing the policies and programs related with the preparation of personnel for combat, intelligence, operations, organization, training and logistic services are the responsibilities of the General Staff. Furthermore, the General Staff coordinates the military relations of the Turkish Armed Forces with its counterparts in the member states of NATO and other friendly nations.

The Chief of the General Staff holds the fifth-highest rank, behind the President of the Republic, the President of the Constitutional Court, the Speaker of the Grand National Assembly and the Prime Minister, on the protocol of the Republic of Turkey.

It is customary for the Chief of the General Staff to have held the posts of Commander of the First Army of Turkey and Commander of the Turkish Land Forces prior to their appointment.

Defense organization[edit]

The hierarchy, representation and employment of the Turkish Armed Forces within the state organization is regulated by the constitution of Turkey.

According to the constitution, the office of the 'Commander in Chief' is represented in the spiritual entity of the Grand National Assembly. The Chief of the General Staff is appointed by the President as the Commander of the Armed Forces and reports to the Prime Minister. The Council of Ministers is responsible to the Grand National Assembly for national security and the preparation of the Turkish Armed Forces to defend the country. However, the authority to declare a state of war and send the Turkish Armed Forces to foreign countries or allow foreign armed forces to be stationed in Turkey require a vote of approval from the Turkish Parliament.

The Chief of the General Staff is responsible to the Prime Minister and is charged with the overall command and control of the Armed Forces. He is also responsible for conducting the military operations effectively, and the operational readiness of the Armed Forces.

The commanders of the three services (Army, Navy and Air Force) report directly to the Chief of the General Staff. The General Staff and the Ministry of National Defense work in close coordination and cooperation to fulfill their respective responsibilities.

Organization of the National Defense of Turkey

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Prime Minister
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Chief of the General Staff
 
 
 
 
Minister of National Defense
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Commander of the Army
 
Commander of the Navy
 
Commander of the Air Force
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
General Commander of the Gendarmerie
 
Commandant of the Coast Guard

Special Forces Command[edit]

Special Forces Command (Turkish: Özel Kuvvetler Komutanlığı), nicknamed Maroon Berets (Turkish: Bordo Bereliler) because of their distinctive service headgear, are the special operations unit of the Turkish Armed Forces. Special Forces Command is not aligned to any force command in TSK, getting orders directly from General Staff of the Republic of Turkey.[2] Its forerunner was the Special Warfare Department (Turkish: Özel Harp Dairesi). The Berets also work along with Underwater Defence Teams (SAS) and Underwater Strike Teams (SAT).

Department of Intelligence[edit]

List of Chiefs of the General Staff[edit]

References[edit]