Chiefs of Clan MacLeod

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The Chiefs of Clan MacLeod claim descent from Leod, a high-born Norse-Gael who is thought to have lived in the 13th century, but whose ancestors are known from multiple pedigrees at least into the early 12th or late 11th centuries. It is said that the chiefs of the clan have been seated at Dunvegan Castle since the time of Leod, and this on the Isle of Skye where for centuries they were sovereign within their own territories.

In the early 20th century, the immediate senior male-line of the chiefs ended with Dame Flora MacLeod of MacLeod, 28th chief, daughter of Sir Reginald MacLeod of MacLeod, 27th chief. Sir Reginald was the first president of the Clan MacLeod Society, and his daughter also became president. Dame Flora selected one of her grandsons, John Wolrige-Gordon, as her successor. John later changed his surname to MacLeod of MacLeod, and on his grandmother's death in 1976 inherited Dunvegan Castle and the MacLeod estate. He was recognised by MacLeod clan societies as the 29th chief of the clan, and granted the chiefly arms by the Lord Lyon King of Arms. His son, Hugh Magnus MacLeod of MacLeod, is currently recognised by the Associated Clan MacLeod Societies as the clan's 30th chief.

In recent years, an Australian MacLeod has claimed to be the rightful chief because he is acknowledged as having a direct male-line descent from a 17th-century chief, and is the senior agnate of the senior cadet branch, now technically the senior line itself. His supporters would contend that, because Guy MacLeod of Talisker is the senior agnate, he is the legitimate, de jure Chief of Clan MacLeod, regardless of any recognition given to the de facto chiefs by the Court of the Lord Lyon or by the modern clan society itself (which is not the same entity as the ancient Clan MacLeod). Guy MacLeod of Talisker has stated that he has no interest in the estates, only wanting acknowledgement of his right to the title.[1] See agnatic seniority.

List of chiefs[edit]

  Not descended in the male-line from previous clan chiefs
# Name Dates Ancestral notes
1 Leod (Leòd) c. 1200–1280.[2] Traditionally said to be a son of Olaf the Black, however this is no longer regarded as fact. Today his ancestry is considered uncertain.[2]
2 Norman (Tormod) aft.1220–bef.1280.[3] Son of Leod. Nothing certain is known about him. Created the Gaelic patronymic Sìol Thormoid [3]
3 Malcolm (Gillecaluim) 1296–1370.[4] Son of Norman.[3] Considered the elder brother of Murdoch (Murchadh) whom Clan Macleod of The Lewes are thought to descend from.[5]
4 John (Iain Ciar) 1320–1392.[6] Son of Malcolm.[6]
5 William 'the Clerk' (Uilleam Cleireach) 1365–1409.[7] Son of John.[7]
6 John 'the Turbulent' (Iain Borb) 1392–1448.[8] Son of William.[8]
7 William 'Long Sword' (Uilleam Dubh) 1415–1480.[9] Son of John 'the Turbulent'.[9]
8 Alexander 'the Humpbacked' (Alasdair Crotach) 1455–1547.[10] Son of William 'Long Sword'.[10]
9 William 1505–1551.[11] Son of Alexander.[11]
10 Mary 1543–aft.1602.[12] Daughter of William.[12]
11 Donald c. 1507–1557.[13] Younger son of Alexander (and younger brother of William and in consequence uncle to Mary).[13]
12 Norman (Tormod) c. 1509–1589.[14] Younger son of Alexander (and younger brother of Donald, William and in consequence uncle to Mary).[14]
13 William c. 1560–1590.[15] Son of Norman.[15]
14 John 1580–1595.[16] Son of William.[16]
15 Sir Roderick (Rory Mor; Ruairidh Mor) 1573[17]–1626.[18] Son of Norman (and younger brother of William and in consequence uncle to John).[18]
16 John (Iain Mor) 1595–1649.[19] Son of Sir Roderick.[19]
17 Roderick 'the Witty' (Ruairidh Mir) 1635–1664.[20] Son of John.[20]
18 John 'the Speckled' (Iain Breac) 1637–1693.[21] Son of John.[21]
19 Roderick (Ruairidh Og) 1674–1699.[22] Son of John 'the Speckled'.[22]
20 Norman 1685–1706.[23] Son of John 'the Speckled'.[23]
21 John 1704–1706.[24] Son of Norman.[24]
22 Norman 'the Wicked Man' 1705–1772.[25] Son of Norman.[25]
23 Norman 'the General' 1754–1801.[26] Son of a younger son of Norman 'the Red Man'.[26]
24 John Norman 1788–1835.[27] Son of 'the General'.[27]
25 Norman 1812–1895.[28] Eldest son (second child) of John Norman.[27]
26 Norman Magnus 1839–1929.[29] Eldest son (second child) of Norman.[28]
27 Sir Reginald, KCB 1847–1935.[30] Third son (fourth child) of Norman.[29]
28 Dame Flora Louise Cecilia, DBE 1878–1976.[31] Eldest daughter of Sir Reginald.[30]
29 John 1935–2007.[32] Younger son of a daughter of Flora Louise Cecilia. Named as heir by his grandmother in 1951 after changing his surname to Macleod of Macleod.[33]
30 Hugh Magnus 1973–2013.[34] Second son of John.[35][36][37][38]

Wolridge-Gordon family[edit]

Norman MacLeod of MacLeod, 24th chief, died in 1895, leaving three sons. Norman Magnus MacLeod of MacLeod succeeded his father, becoming the 25th chief. The entail of the estate stipulated that Dunvegan Castle would only pass to a male, and on the failure of the male line to the daughter of the last surviving son. Norman Magnus died in 1929, and was succeeded by his brother, Sir Reginald MacLeod of MacLeod, 27th chief. On the death of Sir Reginald's younger brother, Canon Roderick MacLeod, in 1934, Sir Reginald's daughter, Flora, became heir to the estate. On the death of Sir Reginald, in 1935, Flora inherited Dunvegan Castle and the MacLeod estate. Flora MacLeod of MacLeod was recognised as the clan's chief by the Clan MacLeod Society,[39] which was first formed in the 19th century.[40] She was later granted the arms of MacLeod of MacLeod by the Lord Lyon King of Arms. Dame Flora chose one of her grandsons as her successor, John Wolridge-Gordon, younger son of Robert Wolrige-Gordon and Joan Walter (daughter of Dame Flora). On being chosen heir, John changed his surname to MacLeod of MacLeod, and on his grandmother's death in 1976, inherited the castle and estate. John MacLeod of MacLeod was also recognised as the clan's chief by the society, and was later granted his grandmother's arms by the Lord Lyon. On his death in 2007, John was succeeded by his son, Hugh Magnus MacLeod of MacLeod,[39] who was recognised as the clan's 30th chief by the Associated Clan MacLeod Societies, and granted his father's arms by the Lord Lyon.[39][41]

Rival claims by MacLeod of Talisker[edit]

In 2007, following the death of John MacLeod of MacLeod, Guy MacLeod of Talisker, from Australia, claimed to be the rightful chief of Clan MacLeod. Talisker traces his descent, in the direct male-line, from the 17th-century chief Sir Rory Mor MacLeod; a descent acknowledged by leading clan genealogists. Talisker has stated that he is "keen that the bloodline shouldn't be lost".[1] The present chiefs, recognised by the Clan MacLeod Societies, descend from Dame Flora MacLeod of MacLeod (d.1976), but are descended in the direct male-line from Robert Wolrige-Gordon (d.1939), husband of Dame Flora's daughter, Joan Walter.[42] Talisker is quoted as asking, "How could John have been the chief of the MacLeods when he wasn't even a MacLeod?"[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Aussie builder claims MacLeod chief status, The Herald, 17 Mar 2007, retrieved 7 August 2010 
  2. ^ a b "Leod OLAFSON (I Chief)". www.macleodgenealogy.org. Retrieved 20 March 2009. 
  3. ^ a b c "Tormod Norman MACLEOD (II Chief)". www.macleodgenealogy.org. Retrieved 20 March 2009. 
  4. ^ "Malcolm Gillecaluim MACLEOD (III Chief)". www.macleodgenealogy.org. Retrieved 20 March 2009. 
  5. ^ "Murdoch Murchadh MACLEOD (I of Lewis)". www.macleodgenealogy.org. Retrieved 20 March 2009. 
  6. ^ a b "John Iain Ciar MACLEOD (IV Chief)". www.macleodgenealogy.org. Retrieved 20 March 2009. 
  7. ^ a b "William Cleireach MACLEOD (V Chief)". www.macleodgenealogy.org. Retrieved 20 March 2009. 
  8. ^ a b "John Iain_Borb MACLEOD (VI Chief)". www.macleodgenealogy.org. Retrieved 20 March 2009. 
  9. ^ a b "William Dubh MACLEOD (VII Chief)". www.macleodgenealogy.org. Retrieved 20 March 2009. 
  10. ^ a b "Alexander Alisdair_Crotach MACLEOD (VIII Chief)". www.macleodgenealogy.org. Retrieved 20 March 2009. 
  11. ^ a b "William MACLEOD (IX Chief)". www.macleodgenealogy.org. Retrieved 20 March 2009. 
  12. ^ a b "Mary MACLEOD (X Chief)". www.macleodgenealogy.org. Retrieved 20 March 2009. 
  13. ^ a b "Donald MACLEOD (XI Chief)". www.macleodgenealogy.org. Retrieved 20 March 2009. 
  14. ^ a b "Tormod [Norman] MACLEOD (XII Chief)". www.macleodgenealogy.org. Retrieved 20 March 2009. 
  15. ^ a b "William MACLEOD (XIII Chief)". www.macleodgenealogy.org. Retrieved 20 March 2009. 
  16. ^ a b "John MACLEOD (XIV Chief)". www.macleodgenealogy.org. Retrieved 20 March 2009. 
  17. ^ Macleod, R.C. The Book of Dunvegan, Volume First (1938), at page 23.
  18. ^ a b "Sir_Roderick Ruairidh_Mor MACLEOD (XV Chief)". www.macleodgenealogy.org. Retrieved 20 March 2009. 
  19. ^ a b "John Iain Mor MACLEOD (XVI Chief)". www.macleodgenealogy.org. Retrieved 20 March 2009. 
  20. ^ a b "Roderick Rory_the_Witty Ruairidh_Mir MACLEOD (XVII Chief)". www.macleodgenealogy.org. Retrieved 20 March 2009. 
  21. ^ a b "John Iain_Breac MACLEOD (XVIII Chief)". www.macleodgenealogy.org. Retrieved 20 March 2009. 
  22. ^ a b "Roderick Ruairidh_Og MACLEOD (XIX Chief)". www.macleodgenealogy.org. Retrieved 20 March 2009. 
  23. ^ a b "Norman MACLEOD (XX Chief)". www.macleodgenealogy.org. Retrieved 20 March 2009. 
  24. ^ a b "John MACLEOD (XXI Chief)". www.macleodgenealogy.org. Retrieved 20 March 2009. 
  25. ^ a b "Norman The_Red_Man MACLEOD (XXII Chief)". www.macleodgenealogy.org. Retrieved 20 March 2009. 
  26. ^ a b "Norman The_General MACLEOD (XXIII Chief)". www.macleodgenealogy.org. Retrieved 20 March 2009. 
  27. ^ a b c "John Norman MACLEOD (XXIV Chief)". www.macleodgenealogy.org. Retrieved 20 March 2009. 
  28. ^ a b "Norman MACLEOD (XXV Chief)". www.macleodgenealogy.org. Retrieved 20 March 2009. 
  29. ^ a b "Norman Magnus MACLEOD (XXVI Chief)". www.macleodgenealogy.org. Retrieved 20 March 2009. 
  30. ^ a b "Sir_Reginald MACLEOD (XXVII Chief)". www.macleodgenealogy.org. Retrieved 20 March 2009. 
  31. ^ "Flora MACLEOD (XXVIII Chief)". www.macleodgenealogy.org. Retrieved 20 March 2009. 
  32. ^ "John MacLeod_of MACLEOD (XXVII Chief)". www.macleodgenealogy.org. Retrieved 20 March 2009. 
  33. ^ "John MacLeod of MacLeod". The Daily Telegraph (London). 15 February 2007. Retrieved 29 January 2008. 
  34. ^ "Hugh_Magnus Magnus MacLeod_of MACLEOD". www.macleodgenealogy.org. Retrieved 20 March 2009. 
  35. ^ BBC News, Scotland, Wednesday, 14 February 2007, 10:19 GMT
  36. ^ The Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs, The Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs website - Chiefs
  37. ^ The Scotsman26 July 2010
  38. ^ The Herald, Thursday 12 August 2010
  39. ^ a b c The 19th and 20th Centuries, Clan MacLeod Society of Scotland (www.clan-macleod-scotland.org.uk), retrieved 23 August 2010 
  40. ^ The Records of the Clan MacLeod Society of America, Old Dominion University, retrieved 23 August 2010 
  41. ^ Chief Hugh MacLeod of MacLeod, The Associated Clan MacLeod Societies (www.clanmacleod.org), retrieved 23 August 2010 
  42. ^ Dewar, Peter Beauclerk (2001). Burke's landed gentry of Great Britain: together with members of the titled and non-titled contemporary establishment (19, illustrated ed.). Burke's Peerage & Gentry. pp. 532–533. ISBN 978-0-9711966-0-5.