Chieko Takamura (高村 智恵子 Takamura Chieko?, May 20, 1886 – October 5, 1938) was a Japanese poet.
In 1903, she went to the Japan Women's University in Tokyo, and graduated in 1907.
She was an oil painter, and made colorful papercuts.
She was an early member of the Japanese feminist movement Seitosha.
In 1911, she was a member of the group of women that founded "Seitō" magazine. She made the first cover illustration. It began as a literary outlet for woman writers and quickly turned into a forum for discussing feminist issues. These women were from the upper-middle class and soon were labeled "New Women" because of their views and their lifestyles.
In February 1914, she married Kōtarō Takamura, a sculptor and poet, whom she met soon after he had returned from France.
Following the breakup of her family home in 1929, she was diagnosed in 1931 with symptoms of schizophrenia – she was hospitalized for that disease in 1935, and remained there until her death from tuberculosis in 1938.
Kōtarō's book of poems about her, Chieko's Sky (智恵子抄 Chiekosho?, literally "Selections of Chieko"), is still widely admired and read today. The translated title, "Chieko's Sky", is from one of the poems, "Childlike story" (あどけない話 Adokenai hanashi?), where Chieko longs for the sky of her childhood.
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