Chigorin Memorial

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Mikhail Chigorin shortly before his death in 1908

The Chigorin Memorial is a chess tournament played in honour of Mikhail Chigorin (1850–1908), founder of the Soviet Chess School and one of the leading players of his day. The first and most important edition was the one played in 1909 in St. Petersburg. Later on, the tournament was mainly played in the Black Sea resort Sochi. From 1993 the venue for the tournament returned to his hometown.

St. Petersburg 1909[edit]

Photo from the first Chigorian Memorial Tournament, 1909

President of the organising committee was Peter Petrovich Saburov, President of the St. Petersburg Chess Club. Members of the committee were Boris Maliutin, O. Sossnitzky, V. Tschudowski, Sergius A. Znosko-Borovsky and Eugene A. Znosko-Borovsky.[1] The main event lasted from 14 February to 12 March 1909.

Name 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Total
1  Akiba Rubinstein (Russian Empire)/ Poland * 1 1 1 ½ ½ ½ 1 1 1 ½ 1 0 1 ½ 1 1 1 1 14½
2  Emanuel Lasker (German Empire) 0 * ½ 1 ½ 1 1 1 ½ 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 14½
3  Rudolf Spielmann (Austria-Hungary)/ Austria 0 ½ * 1 0 1 1 ½ 1 ½ ½ ½ 1 0 ½ 1 ½ ½ 1 11
4  Oldřich Duras (Austria-Hungary)/ Bohemia 0 0 0 * 0 1 ½ 0 ½ 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 11
5  Ossip Bernstein (Russian Empire)/ Ukraine ½ ½ 1 1 * 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 ½ 0 0 0 ½ ½ 1 10½
6  Richard Teichmann (German Empire) ½ 0 0 0 1 * 0 ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 1 ½ 1 ½ 1 1 ½ 10
7  Julius Perlis (Austria-Hungary)/ Poland ½ 0 0 ½ 0 1 * ½ ½ 1 ½ 1 1 ½ 1 ½ 0 0 1
8  Erich Cohn (German Empire) 0 0 ½ 1 1 ½ ½ * 0 0 1 ½ ½ 0 ½ ½ ½ 1 1 9
9  Carl Schlechter (Austria-Hungary)/ Austria 0 ½ 0 ½ 0 ½ ½ 1 * 1 0 0 1 1 ½ 0 1 ½ 1 9
10  Gersz Salwe (Russian Empire)/ Poland 0 0 ½ 0 0 ½ 0 1 0 * ½ 1 1 1 ½ 0 1 1 1 9
11  Savielly Tartakower (Austria-Hungary)/ Poland ½ 0 ½ 1 0 ½ ½ 0 1 ½ * 0 0 0 ½ 1 1 1 ½
12  Jacques Mieses (German Empire) 0 0 ½ 0 0 0 0 ½ 1 0 1 * ½ 1 1 1 0 1 1
13  Fyodor Duz-Khotimirsky (Russian Empire)/ Ukraine 1 1 0 0 ½ 0 0 ½ 0 0 1 ½ * ½ ½ ½ 1 0 1 8
14  Leo Forgács (Austria-Hungary)/ Hungary 0 0 1 0 1 ½ ½ 1 0 0 1 0 ½ * ½ ½ ½ 0 ½
15  Amos Burn (England) ½ 0 ½ 0 1 0 0 ½ ½ ½ ½ 0 ½ ½ * 1 ½ ½ 0 7
16  Milan Vidmar (Austria-Hungary)/ Slovenia 0 0 0 0 1 ½ ½ ½ 1 1 0 0 ½ ½ 0 * ½ 1 0 7
17  Abraham Speijer (Netherlands) 0 0 ½ 0 ½ 0 1 ½ 0 0 0 1 0 ½ ½ ½ * ½ ½ 6
18  Sergey von Freymann (Russian Empire) 0 0 ½ 0 ½ 0 1 0 ½ 0 0 0 1 1 ½ 0 ½ * 0
19  Eugene Znosko-Borovsky (Russian Empire) 0 0 0 0 0 ½ 0 0 0 0 ½ 0 0 ½ 1 1 ½ 1 * 5

Rubinstein and Lasker won 875 rubles (each), Spielmann and Duras 475 rubles (each), Bernstein 190 rubles, Teichmann 120 rubles, Perlis 80 rubles, Cohn, Schlechter, and Salwe 40 rubles (each).[2]

Sochi period[edit]

From 1947, there were several Chigorin memorial tournaments, but it was not until 1963 that it was established as an annual event in Sochi. These tournaments were all played on the round robin format.

Year Winner City
1947 Mikhail Botvinnik Moscow
1951 Vasily Smyslov Saint Petersburg
1961 Mark Taimanov Rostov-on-Don
1972 Lev Polugaevsky Kislovodsk
# Year Winner City
1 1963 Lev Polugaevsky Sochi
2 1964 Nikolai Krogius Sochi
3 1965 Wolfgang Unzicker
Boris Spassky
Sochi
4 1966 Viktor Korchnoi Sochi
5 1967 Alexander Zaitsev
Vladimir Simagin
Nikolai Krogius
Leonid Shamkovich
Boris Spassky
Sochi
6 1973 Mikhail Tal Sochi
7 1974 Lev Polugaevsky Sochi
8 1976 Lev Polugaevsky
Evgeny Sveshnikov
Sochi
9 1977 Mikhail Tal Sochi
10 1979 Nukhim Rashkovsky Sochi
11 1980 Alexander Panchenko Sochi
12 1981 Vitaly Tseshkovsky Sochi
13 1982 Mikhail Tal Sochi
14 1983 Anatoly Vaisser
Evgeny Sveshnikov
Sochi
15 1984 Georgy Agzamov Sochi
16 1985 Evgeny Sveshnikov Sochi
17 1986 Svetozar Gligorić
Alexander Beliavsky
Rafael Vaganian
Sochi
18 1987 Sergey Smagin
Evgeny Pigusov
Andrei Kharitonov
Sochi
19 1988 Sergey Dolmatov Sochi
20 1989 Alexey Vyzmanavin Sochi
21 1990 Vadim Ruban Sochi

Back to St. Petersburg[edit]

Since 1993, the Chigorin Memorial has been played as an open Swiss system tournament. The 13th edition was not played for superstitious reasons. The winners are listed below.

# Year Winner
1 1993 Alexey Dreev
2 1994 Ildar Ibragimov
3 1995 Vladimir Burmakin
4 1996 Alexei Fedorov
Lembit Oll
5 1997 Konstantin Sakaev
6 1998 Sergey Volkov
7 1999 Alexander Grischuk
Sergey Volkov
8 2000 Valerij Filippov
9 2001 Mikhail Kobalia
10 2002 Alexander Fominyh
11 2004 Sergey Ivanov
12 2005 Igor Zakharevich
Roman Ovetchkin
14 2006 Dmitry Bocharov
15 2007 Sergei Movsesian

References[edit]

  • The International Chess Congress: St. Petersburg 1909, New York, edition Lasker Press, 1910 (reprinted by Dover books 1971)

External links[edit]