Dale Chihuly

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Dale Chihuly
Dale Chihuly 2009.jpg
Chihuly in 2009
Birth name Dale Patrick Chihuly
Born (1941-09-20) September 20, 1941 (age 72)
Tacoma, Washington
Spouse Leslie Jackson (2005–current)[1]
Nationality American
Field Glass artist
Training University of Washington, Seattle, University of Wisconsin–Madison, Rhode Island School of Design.

Dale Chihuly (born September 20, 1941), is an American glass sculptor and entrepreneur. His works are considered unique to the field of blown glass, "moving it into the realm of large-scale sculpture," (Museum of Fine Arts, Boston). The technical difficulties of working with glass forms are considerable, yet Chihuly uses it as the primary medium for installations and environmental artwork.[2]

Life and career[edit]

Chihuly was born in Tacoma, Washington, where he graduated from Woodrow Wilson High School. He enrolled at the College of the Puget Sound in 1959. A year later, he transferred to the University of Washington in Seattle, where in 1965 he received a bachelor of arts degree in interior design.[1] While at the University of Washington, he was a member of Delta Kappa Epsilon fraternity (Kappa Epsilon chapter).[3]

In the year 1967, he received a Master of Science in sculpture from the University of Wisconsin–Madison, where he studied under Harvey Littleton. In 1968, he studied glass in Venice on a Fulbright Fellowship and received a Master of Fine Arts at the Rhode Island School of Design. In 1971, with the support of John Hauberg and Anne Gould Hauberg, Chihuly cofounded the Pilchuck Glass School near Stanwood, Washington. In 1976, while Chihuly was in England, he was involved in a head-on car accident during which he flew through the windshield.[4] His face was severely cut by glass and he was blinded in his left eye. After recovering, he continued to blow glass until he dislocated his right shoulder in a 1979 bodysurfing accident. No longer able to hold the glass blowing pipe, he hired others to do the work. Chihuly explained the change in a 2006 interview, saying "Once I stepped back, I liked the view" and pointed out that it allowed him to see the work from more perspectives and enabled him to anticipate problems faster. Chihuly describes his role as "more choreographer than dancer, more supervisor than participant, more director than actor." San Diego Union-Tribune reporter Erin Glass wrote that she "wonders at the vision of not just the artist Chihuly, but the wildly successful entrepreneur Chihuly, whose estimated sales by 2004 was reported by The Seattle Times as $29 million."[5] Chihuly and his team of artists were the subjects of the documentary Chihuly Over Venice. They were also featured in the documentary Chihuly in the Hotshop, syndicated to public television stations by American Public Television starting on November 1, 2008.[6]

About his work[edit]

Regina Hackett, as the Seattle Post-Intelligencer art critic, provided a chronology of his work during the 1970s, 1980s, and 1990s:

  • 1975: Navajo Blanket Series, in which patterns of Navajo blankets were painted onto glass
  • 1977: Northwest Coast Basket Series, baskets inspired by Northwest coast Indian baskets he'd seen as a child
  • 1980: Seaform Series, transparent sculptures of thin glass, strengthened by ribbed strands of color
  • 1981: Macchia Series, featuring every color available in the studio
  • 1986: Persian Series, inspired by Middle East glass from the 12th- to 14th-century, featuring more restrained color and room-sized installations
  • 1988: Venetian Series, improvisations based on Italian Art Deco
  • 1989: Ikebana Series, glass flower arrangements inspired by ikebana
  • 1990: Venetian Series returns, this time in a more eccentric form
  • 1991: Niijima Floats, six-foot spheres of intricate color inspired by Japanese glass fishing floats from the island of Niijima[7] from Chihuly's website
  • 1992: Chandeliers, starting modestly but by the middle of the decade involving a ton of glass orbs and shapes that in some works look like flowers, others like breasts, and still others like snakes Chihuly has also produced a sizable volume of "Irish cylinders",[8] which are more modest in conception than his blown glass works.

For his exhibition in Jerusalem in 2000, in addition to the glass pieces, he had enormous blocks of transparent ice brought in from an Alaskan artesian well and formed a wall, echoing the stones of the nearby Citadel. Lights with color gels were set up behind them for illumination. Chihuly said the melting wall represented the "dissolution of barriers" between people.[9]

Galleries[edit]

Yellow Chandelier at the Tower of David Museum 1999–2000

Chihuly's largest permanent exhibit can be found at the Oklahoma City Museum of Art. Chihuly maintains two retail stores in partnership with MGM Resorts International. One is located at the Bellagio on the Las Vegas Strip,[10] from the Bellagio hotel/casino website the other at the MGM Grand Casino in Macau.[11] A number of other galleries also carry his pieces. He also has a gallery in Las Vegas in the Crystals in the Las Vegas City Center in Gallery Row. In 1983 Chihuly returned to his native Pacific Northwest where he continued to develop his own work at the Pilchuck Glass School, which he had helped to found in 1971. Throughout the 1970s, influenced by the great glassblowing tradition of Murano, Chihuly experimented with the team approach to glassblowing. Working with a team of master glassblowers and assistants has enabled him to produce architectural glass art of a scale and quantity unimaginable working alone or with only one assistant. In 2010 the Space Needle Corporation submitted a proposal for an exhibition of Chihuly's work at a site in the Seattle Center, in competition with proposals for other uses from several other groups.[12][13] The project, which sees the new Chihuly exhibition hall occupy the site of the former Fun Forest amusement park in the Seattle Center park and entertainment complex, received the final green light from the Seattle City Council on April 25, 2011.[14] It opened May 21, 2012.[15][16]

2006 lawsuit[edit]

In 2006, Chihuly filed a lawsuit against his former longtime employee, glassblower Bryan Rubino, and businessman Robert Kaindl, under accusations of copyright and trademark infringement. Kaindl's pieces used titles Chihuly used for his own works, such as Seaforms and Ikebana, and resembled the construction of Chihuly's pieces. Arguments made by legal experts stated influence on art style is not copyright infringement.[17][18] Chihuly settled the lawsuit independently with Rubino initially,[19] and later Kaindl as well.[20]

Permanent collections[edit]

United States[edit]

In 2000, Chihuly's commission from the Victoria and Albert Museum for a 30-foot-high (9.1 m), blown-glass chandelier dominates the museum's main entrance.
Chihuly's The Sun was on temporary display until January 2006 at Kew Gardens, London, England. The piece is 13 feet (4 m) high.
Dale Chihuly glass art at the exhibition of his work in Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, in 2005.
Olympic Tower at Abravanel Hall in Salt Lake City.

Canada[edit]

England[edit]

Singapore[edit]

United Arab Emirates[edit]

Kuwait[edit]

Exhibitions[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Hackett, Regina (18 April 2006). "Chihuly victimized by his own success?". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. 
  2. ^ Chihuly: Through the looking glass. Museum of Fine Arts Boston. Accessed April 20213.(http://www.mfa.org/exhibitions/chihuly)
  3. ^ Dale Chihuly - Chronology, from Chihuly's personal website
  4. ^ Glass Houses: Dale Chihuly Files a Lawsuit That Raises Big Questions... About Dale Chihuly, The Stranger, February 2006
  5. ^ ‘Chihuly’ a site-specific explosion of art at Salk, by Erin Glass, San Diego Union-Tribune, 22 April 2010
  6. ^ Chihuly Over Venice, from Chihuly's Portland Press website
  7. ^ [1][dead link]
  8. ^ [2][dead link]
  9. ^ Cohen, Jay (October 4, 1999). "Cooling a hotbed of unrest in Mideast?". Deseret News. Retrieved 2010-03-01. 
  10. ^ "List of stores". Bellagio.com. Retrieved 2012-12-20. 
  11. ^ Press release by MGM Macau mentioning Chihuly shop (search for "Chihuly retail")[dead link]
  12. ^ Heffter, Emily (10 June 2010), "Chihuly glass museum proposed at Seattle Center where Fun Forest stood", Seattle Times 
  13. ^ Heffter, Emily (10 June 2010), "In a second attempt to sell the city and the public on a Dale Chihuly glass exhibit at Seattle Center", Seattle Times 
  14. ^ Davis, Ben (28 April 2011). "Divisive Dale Chihuly Glass-Art 'Museum' Approved for Former Seattle Amusement Park". ArtInfo. Retrieved 30 November 2012. 
  15. ^ "Chihuly Garden and Glass Opens with Dedication Ceremony on Monday, May 21". PRNewswire. 21 May 2012. Retrieved 30 November 2012. 
  16. ^ Riefe, Jordan (21 May 2012). "Dale Chihuly's 'Glass House' Shines in Seattle". Reuters. Retrieved 30 November 2012. 
  17. ^ "Glass warfare". St. Petersburg Times. 2006-06-11. Retrieved 2012-12-20. 
  18. ^ O'Hagan, Maureen (December 16, 2005; updated December 20, 2005). "Glass artist Chihuly's lawsuit tests limits of copyrighting art". The Seattle Times. Retrieved 2012-12-20. 
  19. ^ Sheila Farr and Susan Kelleher (August 15, 2006). "Artists Chihuly, Rubino settle claims; suit against entrepreneur unresolved". The Seattle Times. Retrieved 2010-02-25. 
  20. ^ Kelleher, Susan (2006-12-19). "Chihuly, rival glass artist settle dispute". The Seattle Times. Retrieved 2012-12-20. 
  21. ^ San Jose Museum of Art Sculptures[dead link]
  22. ^ Chihuly at the Colorado Springs Fine Arts Center[dead link]
  23. ^ Delaware Art Museum[dead link]
  24. ^ "Columbus, Indiana Convention and Visitor's Bureau". Retrieved 2 April 2014. 
  25. ^ "The Children's Museum of Indianapolis". Childrensmuseum.org. Retrieved 2012-12-20. 
  26. ^ "Columbus, Indiana Convention and Visitor's Bureau". Retrieved 2 April 2014. 
  27. ^ Wichitaartmuseum.org[dead link]
  28. ^ [3]
  29. ^ http://www.vai.org/en/about-vai/about-resources/facilities/life.aspx
  30. ^ "viewer". Artsmia.org. Retrieved 2012-12-20. 
  31. ^ Dale Chihuly[dead link]
  32. ^ "CityCenter Las Vegas - Press Room". .citycenter.com. 2009-11-17. Retrieved 2012-12-20. 
  33. ^ Chihuly – Borgata Hotel + Casino, Atlantic City[dead link]
  34. ^ "FPconservatory.org". FPconservatory.org. 2009-07-04. Retrieved 2012-12-20. 
  35. ^ [4]
  36. ^ "PG: Chihuly works will become permanent fixtures at Phipps, July 10, 2008". Post-gazette.com. 2008-07-10. Retrieved 2012-12-20. 
  37. ^ "National Liberty Museum". Libertymuseum.org. Retrieved 2012-12-20. 
  38. ^ readingpublicmusueum.org
  39. ^ "SLCO.org". SLCO.org. Retrieved 2012-12-20. 
  40. ^ "virginiamoca.org". virginiamoca.org. Retrieved 2013-05-01. 
  41. ^ [5][dead link]
  42. ^ [6][dead link]
  43. ^ [7][dead link]
  44. ^ "Dale Chihuly - Artist - MERCATO DEL PESCE DI RIALTO CHANDELIER, 1996". Chihuly.com. Retrieved 2012-12-20. 
  45. ^ Dale Chihuly[dead link]
  46. ^ [8][dead link]
  47. ^ [9][dead link]
  48. ^ [10][dead link]
  49. ^ "Bizjournals.com". Seattle.bizjournals.com. Retrieved 2012-12-20. 
  50. ^ "Toronto Luxury Hotel: SoHo Metropolitan Hotel Toronto, SoHo Met, Sohomet, SoHo Hotel, Toronto Boutique Hotel, Luxury Hotel, Boutique Hotel". Metropolitan.com. Retrieved 2012-12-20. 
  51. ^ "Jamieson Place - Winter Garden Package, Retrieved June 25, 2011" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-12-20. 
  52. ^ Dale Chihuly[dead link]
  53. ^ Chihuly – Hilton Lac-Leamy, Hull, Quebec[dead link]
  54. ^ Chihuly – [dead link]
  55. ^ Chihuly.com[dead link]
  56. ^ Crowcroft, Orlando. "RTKL bag Arabian Property Award". Construction Week (ITP Business Publishing Ltd.). Retrieved 2 September 2013. 
  57. ^ [11][dead link]
  58. ^ "Dale Chihuly - Artist - Chihuly in the Light of Jerusalem 2000". Chihuly.com. Retrieved 2012-12-20. 
  59. ^ [12][dead link]
  60. ^ James Morley (2006-01-15). "Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew: Current events: Gardens of glass: Chihuly at Kew: The Exhibition". Rbgkew.org.uk. Retrieved 2012-12-20. 
  61. ^ "Art : Modern and Contemporary American Art | Kalamazoo Institute of Arts (KIA)". Kiarts.org. Retrieved 2012-12-20. 
  62. ^ [13][dead link]
  63. ^ "Calendar". Mobot.org. Retrieved 2012-12-20. 
  64. ^ http://oisterwijksculptuur.nl/index.php?id=108
  65. ^ [14][dead link]
  66. ^ http://www.maybornmuseum.com/chihuly
  67. ^ [15][dead link]
  68. ^ "chihulyatthedeyoung.org". chihulyatthedeyoung.org. Retrieved 2012-12-20. 
  69. ^ "Visit the Desert Botanical Garden | Desert Botanical Garden in Phoenix, AZ". Dbg.org. 2012-10-05. Retrieved 2012-12-20. 
  70. ^ [16][dead link]
  71. ^ "The Phil in Naples". Thephil.org. Retrieved 2012-12-20. 
  72. ^ [17][dead link]
  73. ^ "Chihuly at the Salk". Salk.edu. Retrieved 2012-12-20. 
  74. ^ "Chihuly | Museum of Fine Arts, Boston". Mfa.org. 2011-04-10. Retrieved 2012-12-20. 
  75. ^ "Chihuly". Dallasarboretum.org. Retrieved 2012-12-20. 
  76. ^ "VMFA: At The Museum: Chihuly at the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts". Vmfa.state.va.us. 2012-10-20. Retrieved 2012-12-20. 
  77. ^ "VMFA: Chihuly at the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Montreal". mbam.qc.ca. 2013-06-23. Retrieved 2013-06-22. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Chihuly Over Venice by William Warmus and Dana Self. Seattle: Portland Press, 1996.
  • Chihuly by Donald Kuspit. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1998.
  • The Essential Dale Chihuly by William Warmus. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 2000.
  • Dale Chihuly:365 Days. Margaret L. Kaplan, Editor. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 2008.
  • Chihuly Drawing, illustrated by Chihuly, with an essay by Nathan Kernan. Portland Press, 2003, ISBN 1-57684-019-0

External links[edit]