Chikuhō Main Line
The Chikuhō Main Line (筑豊本線 Chikuhō-honsen?) is a railway line in Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan. Part of Kyushu Railway Company (JR Kyushu), it connects Wakamatsu Station in Kitakyūshū to Haruda Station in Chikushino. Between Orio Station and Haruda Station, as well as from Keisen Station via the Sasaguri Line to Yoshizuka Station, the line works as an alternate route to the Kagoshima Main Line.
- Company: JR Kyushu
- Distance: Wakamatsu–Haruda 66.1 km
- Gauge: 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
- Stations: 25
- Double track areas: Wakamatsu–Orio, Orio–Iizuka
- Electrification: Orio–Keisen electrificated (20,000V 60 Hz). Wakamatsu–Orio and Keisen–Haruda areas are not electrified.
- Blocking system: Double track automatic, single track automatic (Iizuka–Keisen–Haruda area)
This is the shortest of all JR lines named Main (or trunk) Line (not counting the JR Shikoku main lines, which were stripped of their designation after JR Shikoku started operating). For comparison, the second shortest is Rumoi Main Line (66.8 km), although it once ran a longer distance.
The line is divided into three sections. Each section has an alias.
- Wakamatsu Line
- Wakamatsu–Orio, 10.8 km
- Fukuhoku Yutaka Line
- Orio–Keisen, 34.5 km
- Haruda Line
- Keisen–Haruda, 20.8 km
Wakamatsu–Orio (Wakamatsu Line)
|Orio||10.8||JR Kyushu: Kagoshima Main Line|
Orio–Keisen (Fukuhoku Yutaka Line)
Some rapid trains pass the stations marked X.
|Orio||0.0||JR Kyushu: Kagoshima Main Line||Yahata Nishi-ku,
|Nōgata||14.0||Heisei Chikuho Railway: Ita Line|
|Shin Iizuka||26.8||JR Kyushu: Gotōji Line|
|Keisen||34.5||JR Kyushu: Sasaguri Line||Keisen,
Keisen–Haruda (Haruda Line)
|Keisen||0.0||JR Kyushu: Sasaguri Line||Keisen,
|Haruda||20.8||JR Kyushu: Kagoshima Main Line|
The 39km Wakamatsu - Iizuka section was built by the Chikuho Kogyo Railway Co., opening in 1891-3, with the 12 km extension to Chikuzen Uchino opening in 1895.
The company was nationalised in 1907, with the 15 km Chikuzen Uchino - Harada section opening in 1929.
The 25km section from Wakamatsu - Nogata was duplicated in 1893-6, with the 4km Nogata - Kotake section duplicated in 1904-6. The 8km Kotake - Iizuka section was duplicated 1942-44.
The 35km Orio - Keisen section was electrified in 2001.
Former connecting/transfer lines
- Orio Station: the Nishitetsu Kitakyushu Line, a 1435 mm gauge line electrified at 600 VDC was opened from Orio - Moji (29km) between 1911/14. It connected to a 10km loop line opened between 1912/29 and closed in 1985. The Moji - Sunatsu section closed in 1985, the Sunatsu - Kurosaki section closed in 1992, and the remainder (except for the 1km Kurosaki - Kumanishi section, which is part of the Chikuho Electric Railway line) closed in 2000.
- Nakama Station: the 3.5km Katsuki Line opened in 1908, with passenger services being introduced in 1912. Freight services ceased in 1974 and the line closed in 1985. A 3.8km line from Katsuki hauled coal from 1915 until the mine closed in 1954.
- Nogata Station: A 14km 915mm (3') gauge line to Fukumaru operated from 1914-38.
- Katsuno Station: the 5km Miyada Line opened in 1902. Freight services ceased in 1982, and the line closed in 1989. A 2km branch to Sugamuta served the Kajima coal mine from 1904-77.
- Kotake Station: the 8km Kōbukuro Line to Futase opened in 1894 as a horse drawn line servicing the Tetsuji mine. Steam locomotion was introduced in 1912, and passenger services in 1913. The line closed in 1969.
- Iizuka Station: the 26km Kamiyamada Line opened to Shimoyamada in 1898, extended to Kamiyamada in 1929 and to Buzenkawasaki (as a passenger only section) in 1966. Freight services ceased in 1980, and the line closed in 1988. A 2km 915mm gauge line from Okuma - Okumamachi operated 1924-33. The 8km Shimokamoo - Shimayamada line (connecting to the Gotoji Line opened 1943/66 and closed in 1986.
This article incorporates material from the corresponding article in the Japanese Wikipedia