Children of Henry VIII

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Henry VIII of England had several children. The best-known are the three legitimate children who survived Henry and succeeded him as monarchs of England successively, Edward VI, Mary I and Elizabeth I.

His first two wives, Catherine of Aragon and Anne Boleyn, had several pregnancies that ended in stillbirth, miscarriage, or death in infancy. Henry acknowledged one illegitimate child, Henry FitzRoy, as his own, but is suspected to have fathered several illegitimate children by different mistresses.[1] The number and identity of these is a matter of historical debate.

There are many theories about whether Henry VIII had fertility difficulties.[2] His last three wives, Anne of Cleves, Catherine Howard and Catherine Parr are not known to have conceived by him, although Parr conceived in her next marriage.[3]

Known children of Henry VIII of England
Name Birth Death Notes
By Catherine of Aragon (married Greenwich Palace 11 June 1509; annulled 23 May 1533)
Unnamed daughter 31 January 1510 31 January 1510 miscarriage
Henry, Duke of Cornwall 1 January 1511 22 February 1511 died aged almost two months[4]
Unnamed son November 1513 died shortly after birth
Henry, Duke of Cornwall December 1514 died within one month of birth
Queen Mary I 18 February 1516 17 November 1558 married Philip II of Spain in 1554; no issue
Unnamed daughter November 1518 stillbirth in the 8th month of pregnancy[5]
By Anne Boleyn (married Westminster Abbey 25 January 1533; annulled 17 May 1536) beheaded on 19 May 1536
Queen Elizabeth I 7 September 1533 24 March 1603 never married; no issue
Henry, Duke of Cornwall August/September 1534
Unnamed son 29 January 1536 miscarriage of a child, believed male, in the fourth month of pregnancy[6]
By Jane Seymour (married York Place 30 May 1536; Jane Seymour died 24 October 1537)
King Edward VI 12 October 1537 6 July 1553 unmarried; no issue
By Elizabeth Blount
Henry FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Richmond and Somerset 15 June 1519 23 July 1536 illegitimate; acknowledged by Henry VIII in 1525; no issue[7]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Hart, Kelly (June 1, 2009). The Mistresses of Henry VIII (First ed.). The History Press. ISBN 0-7524-4835-8. 
  2. ^ http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=7918883
  3. ^ "Catherine Parr: Children". The Six Wives of Henry VIII. PBS. Retrieved 2008-10-11. 
  4. ^ [1] Loades, David, "The six wives of Henry VIII," Amberly, 2009. Pages 25-26. ISBN 978-1-84868-335-8. Retrieved November 30, 2011
  5. ^ Starkey 2003, p. 160
  6. ^ Starkey 2003, p. 553
  7. ^ Bastard Prince: Henry VIII's Lost Son by Beverley A. Murphy (5 Jan 2004)

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]