People's Republic of China – Chile relations officially began in 15 December 1970. 
The relations between the People's Republic of China and Chile began in 15 December 1970, shortly following the election of Salvador Allende, and Chile became the first South American country to recognize the mainland Chinese government. Following the 1973 Chilean coup d'état which saw the overthrow of the Allende government, China was one of only two Communist countries (the other was Romania) not to have severed ties with Augusto Pinochet's new regime, due to the latter's continued endorsement of the One China Policy. As a result, China chose not to recall its ambassador in Chile, while replacing the Allende appointed ambassador Armando Uribe with a Pinochet appointed one.
The continued relationship was built on pragmatism and non-interference. China supported Chile's claim of sovereignty over Antarctic, and in turn, Chile allowed the Chinese to build the Great Wall research station inside Chile's territorial claims. There was also an attempt at a joint venture to produce weapons between Norinco and FAMAE, aimed at reducing Chile's military dependence on the United States.
Following the end of the Cold War and fall of the Pinochet regime in 1990, bilateral relations continued, with the new Chilean government pursuing a policy of free trade, and supported China's entrance into the World Trade Organization.
Chile is one of the first Latin American countries which began trade and economic exchanges with China after the Chinese civil war. Bilateral trade between the two countries began as early as 1961 when China established the Commercial News Office of Chinese Import and Export Corporation. In 1965 was re-established as the Commercial Office of China Council for the Promotion of International Trade.
Since the creation of diplomatic relations in 1970, bilateral economic relations have developed considerably. Chile became China's third largest Latin American trading partner behind Brazil and Mexico. Bilateral trade volume set a record at $2.565 billion in 2002.
Chinese exports to Chile is primary in textiles, clothing, ceramics, chemicals and medicine, tools and consumer electronics.
Chile and China has signed a Free Trade Agreement in 2006.
In 2009, bilateral trade reached US $17.4 billion. Chilean export amounted to 23 percent of Chile's total exports.
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In the past couple of years, there has been a large influx of Chinese workers, primarily businessmen, into Chile. Having one of the older trading relationships of South America with China, Chile is extending its trade into that of human capital. They are welcoming China's educated workers into every sector of operations, especially in the agriculture and minerals extraction industries.
Hoping to tap into one of Latin America's best performing and vast countries (aside from Argentina and Uruguay), Chinese workers are taking this opportunities as a chance to create a food source for their country. As Chile has a great amount of fertile land, great for crops and livestock, the Chinese are looking to arrange deals with the country to have sanctions of free land for the sole purpose of making produce to export to China.
No official deals have made as of yet, but the Chinese have been purchasing Chilean land for years, aside from other foreign countries, with the purpose of growing their food production.
- China-Chile Relations
- Valenzuela, Julio Samuel; Valenzuela, Arturo (1986). Military Rule in Chile: Dictatorship and Oppositions. Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 316.
- Chinese Embassy in Chile (Chinese) (Spanish)
- Chilean Embassy in Beijing, China (Spanish)
- Chile and China: Building Relations Beyond Trade?