Chile–Israel relations

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Chile-Israel relations
Map indicating locations of Chile and Israel

Chile

Israel

Chile–Israel relations refers to the bilateral and diplomatic ties between Chile and Israel. Chile recognized Israel’s independence in February 1949.[1][2] Both countries established diplomatic relation on 16 May 1950, with Israel sending their first ambassador on that date and Chile sending their first ambassador on 16 June 1952.[1] Chile has an embassy in Tel Aviv.[1] Israel has an embassy in Santiago.[3]

Diplomatic visits[edit]

In November 1983, Chilean Foreign Minister Miguel Walters visited Israel. The Israeli Attorney General Yitzhak Zamir raised the issue of extraditing suspected Nazi war criminal Walter Rauff. Walters said he could not extradite Rauff due to Chilean statute of limitations.[4] In 1984, a further request was made by the Director General of the Israeli Foreign Ministry for Rauff's extradition to Chilean Foreign Minister Jaime del Valle. Del Valle stated that it would be "inappropriate" to expel Rauff.[5] Former Prime Minister of Israel Golda Meir visited Chile with her Foreign Affairs Minister Shimon Peres[2] and March 2005 saw the first official visit to Israel when Minister of Foreign Affairs Ignacio Walker made the trip with a delegation.[1]

Military collaboration[edit]

The Military and Naval Attaché and Defense and Air Attaché offices as part of the Chilean Embassy to Israel seek to maintain and increase the bonds with the Israeli Defence Forces "in order to make knowledge, training and experiences exchange possible" and increase "the military bonds between the Ministry of Defense and its Israeli counterpart, in order to comply with the Chilean Foreign and Defense Policy".[6]

In 1988, the Chilean Government together with the Israeli Government and the US State Department blocked the purchase of F5 fighter jets from Chile to Iran.[7]

Israel is a major supplier of military hardware to the Chilean Armed Forces.[8] In 1993, the IAI Phalcon system was sold to the Chilean Air Force.[9][10]

In 2002, Chilean Air Force selected Israeli military manufacturer RADA Electronic Industries for the supply of an advanced digital debriefing solution for its new F-16 C/D aircraft purchase.[11] In December 2010, Israel's three major manufacturers of unmanned air vehicles submitted proposals in a bid to for the Chilean Air Force.[10]

Israeli assistance[edit]

Following the 1965 Chile earthquake, the Israeli Government offered medical equipment and supplies.[12] Following the 2010 Chile earthquake, the Israeli Government released a statement stating "Israel stands by the Chilean government and people and wishes to send its condolences to the victims' families and offer its support to the residents at this trying time".[13] The Israeli Government offered medical and engineering aid to Chile.[14] Israeli company Rafael Advanced Defense Systems loaned the Chilean Air Force two unmanned aerial vehicles to help assess post earthquake damage.[15][16]

Bilateral agreements[edit]

Since 1953, Israel and Chile have signed numerous bilateral agreements:[17]

  • Agreement on Cultural Exchange (1953)
  • Agreement on Scientific and Technical Cooperation (1965)
  • Agreement on Peaceful Use of Nuclear Energy (1965)
  • Agreement on Amateur Radio Operators (1982)
  • Arrangement on Air Services within and beyond the respective borders (1982)
  • Commercial and Economic Cooperation Agreement (1982)
  • Executive Program of Cultural Exchange (1983)
  • CONAF – Keren Kayemet Leisrael Agreement on Cooperation and Forest Technical Assistance (1983)
  • Agreement on Tourist Cooperation (1986)
  • Agreement on Narcotics and Psychotropic Substances Control (1993)
  • Agreement on Visa Exemption in Diplomatic, Official, Special and Service Passports (1994)
  • Agreement on Cultural, Scientific and Technical Cooperation (1995)
  • Joint Commission on Culture, held in Jerusalem (1996)
  • Agreement on Remunerated Activities for Relatives of a Diplomatic Mission or Consular Representation (2007)
  • Memorandum of Understanding on the Establishment of Bilateral Consultations between the Ministries of Foreign Affairs of Chile and Israel (2007)
  • Cooperative forestry agreement. (1993) [18]

In October 2010, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu invited Chilean President Sebastián Piñera to Israel for the signing of a free trade agreement between the two countries.[19]

Security incidents[edit]

In 2009, a bullet was fired into the car of the Israeli ambassador to Chile, David Dadon, smashing the windshield. Dadon was not in the car and no one was injured, but security was tightened.[20][21]

Jews of Chile[edit]

In 2006, the newly elected Chilean cabinet was described as the "most Jewish government in the world." The Minister of Public Works, Minister of Planning and Cooperation, Minister of Mining and Energy and Deputy Foreign Minister were Jewish.[22]

Chile has a Jewish community estimated at about 10,000 to 16,000 mainly centred around Santiago.[13][23] Some estimates put the total Jewish population as high as 20,700.[24]

Issue of Palestine[edit]

In 2006, a number of Chilean politicians including Deputies Iván Paredes and Sergio Aguiló "strongly condemned the Israeli aggression against the Palestinian people in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank and urged the Chilean government to recall their ambassador to Tel Aviv until the aggressions are brought to an end".[25][26] The leader of the socialist bloc in the Chilean parliament, Alejandro Navarro, said, "Latin America must react as one single voice against what is going on in the occupied Palestinian territories". Mr. Navarro also reported that they are going to "organize a delegation of Chilean lawmakers to act as international observers in the occupied Palestinian territory and to express solidarity with the Palestinian people." A member of the Chilean communist party, Hugo Gutierrez, described Israel as a "terrorist state" and demanded the United Nations to "act on behalf of the international law to stop the massacres and to achieve Palestinian sovereignty over their land". [25]

In January 2011, the Chilean government adopted a resolution "recognising the existence of the state of Palestine as a free, independent and sovereign state". A senior Israeli official responded saying "It is a useless and empty gesture because it will not change anything, The Chilean announcement, like those preceding it in Latin America, will not encourage the Palestinians to negotiate." [27] President of Chile, Sebastián Piñera, said "In this way we contribute to that end that may exist in the Middle East, a Palestinian state and a state of Israel that can live in peace and prosperity and recognized frontiers with secure borders".[28]

In response, Gabriel Zaliasnik, president of the Jewish community in Chile, thought Israel’s Foreign Ministry made a mistake. Zaliasnik believed the statement that eventually emerged from the Chilean Government accepting Palestinian independence while acknowledging Israel’s right to security was" not the diplomatic debacle some made it out to be, but in fact was a victory of sorts" [29]

In July 2014, the government of Michelle Bachelet summoned its ambassador in Israel during the Gaza conflict saying Israeali operation "breach fundamental norms in international humanitarian law" [30]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Bilateral Relationship Chile - Israel". Embassy of Chile in Israel. Retrieved 2009-04-15. 
  2. ^ a b "Relaciones Bilaterales: Revisión Histórica (Bilateral Relations: Historical Review)" (in Spanish). Israeli Embassy in Chile. Retrieved 2009-04-15. 
  3. ^ "General Info: Mission Details". Israeli Embassy in Chile. Retrieved 2009-04-15. 
  4. ^ http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=o9kzAAAAIBAJ&sjid=OzIHAAAAIBAJ&pg=4206,3380183&dq=chile+tel-aviv+israel+-davis&hl=en
  5. ^ http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=OKQyAAAAIBAJ&sjid=N-8FAAAAIBAJ&pg=2486,944228&dq=chile+santiago+israel+-davis&hl=en
  6. ^ http://chileabroad.gov.cl/israel/en/sobre-la-embajada/agregadurias/agregadurias-militares/
  7. ^ http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=oDJIAAAAIBAJ&sjid=3wANAAAAIBAJ&pg=960,5174870&dq=chile+santiago+israel+-davis&hl=en
  8. ^ http://www.janes.com/events/exhibitions/eurosatory2010/sections/daily/day1/regional-focus-south-amer-4.shtml
  9. ^ http://www.jpost.com/home/article.aspx?id=141736
  10. ^ a b http://www.flightglobal.com/articles/2010/12/17/350955/israeli-firms-pursue-chilean-uav-requirement.html
  11. ^ Israel to supply Chile advanced digital debriefing solution for F-16s Globes web site, Rishon Leziyyon . 26 May 2002.
  12. ^ http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=zqccAAAAIBAJ&sjid=smEEAAAAIBAJ&pg=1245,2881902&dq=chile+israel+embassy&hl=en
  13. ^ a b http://www.jewishchronicle.org/article.php?article_id=12067
  14. ^ http://www.ynetnews.com/Ext/Comp/ArticleLayout/CdaArticlePrintPreview/1,2506,L-3856453,00.html
  15. ^ http://www.janes.com/news/defence/jdw/jdw100329_2_n.shtml
  16. ^ http://www.jpost.com/Israel/Article.aspx?id=170915
  17. ^ http://chileabroad.gov.cl/israel/en/relacion-bilateral/acuerdos-y-tratados-bilaterales/
  18. ^ ISRAEL-CHILE FORESTRY ACCORD Jerusalem Post 15 August 1993.
  19. ^ http://www.jpost.com/Headlines/Article.aspx?id=191292
  20. ^ Shot fired at Israeli ambassador's car
  21. ^ http://www.haaretz.com/news/chile-police-investigating-after-bullet-fired-at-israeli-envoy-s-car-1.6113
  22. ^ http://www.ynetnews.com/Ext/Comp/ArticleLayout/CdaArticlePrintPreview/1,2506,L-3233194,00.html
  23. ^ http://jta.org/news/article/2010/03/07/1010954/op-ed-chiles-jews-providing-comfort
  24. ^ http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Judaism/jewpop.html
  25. ^ a b http://www.maannews.net/ eng/ViewDetails.aspx?ID=187535
  26. ^ http://www.ipsnews.net/ news.asp?idnews=34304
  27. ^ http://www.google.com/hostednews/afp/ article/ ALeqM5jqiWWkPPFfUQRYHZfN0mwWUmA9vg? docId=CNG.462b48370bb3ec093ddbb66fcae 1a987.141
  28. ^ http:// www.israelnationalnews.com/News/ News.aspx/141608
  29. ^ http://www.jpost.com/JewishWorld/ JewishNews/Article.aspx?id=203202
  30. ^ http://www.nzherald.co.nz/world/news/article.cfm?c_id=2&objectid=11301227

External links[edit]