Chile–Spain relations refer to bilateral relations between Chile and Spain. Chile was a Spanish colony until 1818, and Spanish is the official language of both nations.
By the 16th century, Spanish conquistadors began to subdue and colonize the region of present-day Chile, and the territory became a colony from 1540 to 1810, when it gained independence from Spain.
In 1844 Spain recognised the independence of Chile, during the Spanish Civil War between 1936 and 1939 Chile has received many Spanish Republican and Francoist refugees.
On 12 October 1940, the Spanish Government announced it was resuming diplomatic relations with Chile after relations were suspended on 16 July following a diplomatic dispute.
Agreements and common membership
In 2008, the two countries signed a wind energy pact worth over USD 1 billion that would establish Latin America's largest wind farm.
In 2015 the two countries signed defence agreements regarding peacekeeping operations worldwide.
Both nations are members of the Latin Union, Organization of Ibero-American States and the OECD.
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