A Chilean Canadian is a Canadian citizen of Chilean descent or a Chile-born person who resides in Canada. According to the 2011 Census there were 38,140 Canadians who claimed full or partial Chilean ancestry. The first major wave of Chilean arrival in Canada began in the second half of the twentieth century. This wave is also the first great wave of Latin American immigrants in Canada and the third Latin American wave in that country (though the previous two were smaller).
After the coup d'état carried out by Army General Augusto Pinochet on September 11, 1973 in Chile, which ended with the elected government of Salvador Allende and established a military dictatorship in the country, a significant number of Chileans emigrated to Canada in early 1974. This migration of Chilean refugees to Canada lasted until the nineties, with the end of the mandate of Pinochet Although the Canadian government rejected these political refugees, the Canadian population in general had a greater acceptance that group. So, church groups, Such as the Canadian Council of Churches, as well as spontaneously Formed Citizens' Organizations helped refugees in income and settlement of the country. However, not all the population supported the newcomers. Thus, small demonstrations were developed rejecting Chilean immigrants, labeling them of Marxists, and supporting the coup in Chile that broke with the Socialist government, replacing it with a capitalist government.
The most important consequence of the arrival of Chilean refugees to the country was the founding of organizations whose aim is to help to the country's growing Latino American community. According to studies, the Chileans arrived in Canada after the coup in Chile brought with them political activism, which originated Chilean partnerships, associations which eventually became organizations for the Latino community in Canada. Examples of this include the Arauco cooperative housing in Toronto and various Associations and publications in Alberta, as well as the television news program "Nosotros" (We) and the radio program "Hispanoamérica" in Edmonton. In other cases, Chileans formed and worked on pan-Latin American Organizations that have helped a los political and economic refugees Hispanics to adjust to life in Canada, and may be considered essential in the formation of these associations.