Chilean general election, 1932

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Chilean general election, 1932
Chile
1931 ←
30 October 1932
→ 1938

  Alessandri Ulk (1932).jpg Marmaduque Grove.jpg
Nominee Arturo Alessandri Marmaduke Grove
Party Liberal Socialist
Popular vote 187,914 60,856
Percentage 55.1% 17.6%

 
Nominee Héctor Rodríguez Enrique Zañartu Prieto
Party Conservative PLU
Popular vote 47,207 42,885
Percentage 13.7% 12.4%

President before election

Abraham Oyanedel
Independent

President

Arturo Alessandri
Liberal Party

Coat of arms of Chile.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Chile

General elections were held in Chile on 30 October, 1932.[1] Arturo Alessandri of the Liberal Party was elected president, whilst the Conservative Party and Radical Party emerged as the largest parties in the Chamber of Deputies.

Background[edit]

The election took place roughly a year after the previous election, but political and economical instability caused by the Great Depression which took its bottom point in mid-1932, did only make the situation turn worse. President Montero had to resign shortly after a mutiny led by Marmaduque Grove, who headed the Socialist Republic of Chile until being overtrown by former-ally Carlos Davila who also became overtrown, this time by Bartolome Blanche who after his downfall Abraham Oyanedel became head of state. The return of Alessandri became so highly awaited that he won the election in a landslide ending a turbulent and bitter year for the country, being considered today as the worst one in Chilean history.

Electoral system[edit]

The presidential election was held using the absolute majority system, under which a candidate had to receive over 50% of the popular vote to be elected. If no candidate received over 50% of the vote, both house of the National Congress would come together to vote on the two candidates that received the most votes.[2]

Results[edit]

President[edit]

Candidate Party Votes %
Arturo Alessandri Liberal Party 189,914 55.1
Marmaduke Grove Socialist 60,856 17.6
Héctor Rodríguez de la Cotta Conservative Party 47,207 13.7
Enrique Zañartu Prieto United Liberal Party 42,885 12.4
Elías Lafferte Communist Party 4,128 1.2
Invalid/blank votes 902
Total 345,892 100
Registered voters/turnout 464,879 74.4
Source: Nohlen

Senate[edit]

Party Votes % Seats
Radical Party 13
Conservative Party 10
Liberal Party 5
Radical Socialist Party 5
Democratic Party 4
Democrat Party 3
New Napista Action 2
Doctrinal Liberal Party 1
United Liberal Party 1
Republican Social Party 1
Total 45
Source: Nohlen

Chamber of Deputies[edit]

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Radical Party 59,413 18.1 34 –5
Conservative Party 55,260 16.8 34 +6
Liberal Party 32,645 9.9 18 –16
Democratic Party 25,221 7.7 13 New
Democrat Party 19,819 6.0 7 –15
Unified Liberal Party 18,885 5.8 6 New
Socialist parties[a] 18,642 5.7 5 New
Radical Socialist Party 18,174 5.5 8 New
Social Republican Party 7,009 2.1 4 New
Agrarian Party 6,580 1.0 4 New
Doctrinal Liberal Party 5,643 1.7 2 New
Communist Party 3,350 1.0 1 New
Social Democracy Party 3,029 0.9 1 New
Liberal Democratic Party 1,686 0.5 1 New
Other parties 22,265 6.8 0
Independents 33,116 10.1 4 +4
Invalid/blank votes
Total 328,207 100 142 +10
Registered voters/turnout 429,772
Source: Nohlen

a The Socialist parties included New Public Action (9,790 votes) and Chilean Socialists (5,352 votes).[3]

Aftermath[edit]

Following the elections, three of the independent candidates elected to the Chamber of Deputies joined the Communist Party.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nohlen, D (2005) Elections in the Americas: A data handbook, Volume II, p262 ISBN 978-0-19-928358-3
  2. ^ Nohlen, p259
  3. ^ Nohlen, p270
  4. ^ Nohlen, p280