Chilean general election, 2013

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Chilean presidential election, 2013
Runoff
Chile
2009-10 ←
15 December 2013
→ 2017

  First party Second party
  Michelle Bachelet headshot 2013.jpg Evelyn Matthei, fotografía oficial, campaña presidencial 2013.jpg
Candidate Michelle Bachelet Evelyn Matthei
Party Socialist UDI
Alliance New Majority Alliance
Leader since 30 June 2013 (as presidential candidate) 20 July 2013 (as presidential candidate)
Seats before 20 senators / 57 deputies 17 senators / 58 deputies
Seats won
21 / 38
67 / 120
15 / 38
49 / 120
Seat change Increase+1 senators
Increase+10 deputies
Decrease-2 senators
Decrease-9 deputies
Popular vote 3,470,379 2,111,891
Percentage 62.16% 37.83%

President before election

Sebastián Piñera
National Renewal

Elected President

Michelle Bachelet
Socialist

Coat of arms of Chile.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Chile

General elections were held in Chile on 17 November 2013, including presidential, parliamentary and regional elections. Voters went to the polls to elect:

In the presidential election, former president Michelle Bachelet fell short of the absolute majority needed for an outright win. In the runoff election, held on 15 December, she beat former senator and Minister of Labor Evelyn Matthei with over 62% of the vote, yet turnout was significantly lower than in the first round.

In the parliamentary elections, the New Majority coalition (backing Bachelet's candidacy) won back control of both chambers of Congress, winning 12 of the 20 contested seats in the Senate, for a total of 21 out of 38 total seats, and 67 of the 120 seats in the Chamber of Deputies.

These were the first presidential and parliamentary elections in which all eligible voters were automatically enrolled, and where voting was no longer mandatory. Members of the regional boards were directly elected for the first time.

Timeline[edit]

Notable events and dates.[1][2]

  • June 30, 2013: Primaries held simultaneously nationwide.
  • July 17, 2013: Longueira quits the race.
  • July 20, 2013: UDI picks Evelyn Matthei to replace Longueira.
  • August 19, 2013: Deadline to register candidacies.
  • October 9, 2013: First debate. Bachelet does not participate.
  • October 18, 2013: Campaign advertising starts.
  • October 25, 2013: Radio debate.
  • October 29–30, 2013: Two-day television debate.
  • November 14, 2013: Campaign advertising ends.
  • November 17, 2013: Election takes place.
  • November 22, 2013: The Electoral Service publishes on its website a revised count made by polling officers the day after the election.
  • December 1, 2013: Runoff campaign advertising starts.
  • December 6, 2013: Radio debate.
  • December 10, 2013: Television debate.
  • December 12, 2013: Runoff campaign advertising ends.
  • December 15, 2013: Runoff election.
    • Polls close at 6 PM nationwide.
    • At about 7 PM, Matthei concedes defeat, telling reporters outside her home: "It is clear, she has won".[3]
    • At about 7:20 PM Matthei gives her concession speech.[3]
  • December 17, 2013: The Electoral Service publishes on its website a revised count made by polling officers the day after the election.
  • January 10, 2013: The Election Court (Tricel) officially proclaims Bachelet as President-Elect and publishes the final results of the second round election on its website.
  • March 11, 2014: The President-elect takes office.

Presidential primaries[edit]

In December 2012 a law was published allowing political parties or coalitions to define their candidates for president in government-run primary elections. The two main political groups agreed to choose their candidates this way. Former president Michelle Bachelet won the New Majority primary with 73% of the vote, while former senator and minister Pablo Longueira won the Alliance primary with 51%. Due to term limits, the president Sebastián Piñera did not stand for re-election in 2013.

Presidential candidates[edit]

List of candidates who officially registered their candidacies at the Electoral Service. All candidacies were accepted on 28 August 2013.[4] Bachelet's candidacy was automatically accepted after she was proclaimed the winner of her primary by the Election Court.

Ballot no. Candidate Endorsement Remarks
1
Franco Parisi headshot 2013.jpg

Franco Parisi
Independent
Independent electors Economist and television commentator.[5] On 7 August 2013, Parisi officially registered his independent candidacy at the Electoral Service. He presented over 52 thousand signatures, many more than the required minimum.[6]
2
Marcel Claude headshot.jpg

Marcel Claude
Humanist Party
Todos a La Moneda emblema.png Everyone to La Moneda: The leftist economist and university professor launched his candidacy on 26 January 2013.[7] On 12 March 2013 he was proclaimed by the Humanist Party as their candidate.[8] He officially registered his candidacy at the Electoral Service on 12 August 2013.[9]
3
Ricardo Israel.jpg

Ricardo Israel
Regionalist Party of the Independents
Emblema Pri Centro 2013.png Regionalist Party of the Independents The political scientist was proclaimed by the Regionalist Party of the Independents (PRI) on 20 July 2013.[10] He officially registered his candidacy at the Electoral Service on 14 August 2013.[11]
4
Enríquez-Ominami crop.jpg

Marco Enríquez-Ominami
Progressive Party
Si tu quieres Chile cambia.png If You Want It, Chile Changes: The 2009 candidate launched his candidacy on 4 October 2012 at a theater in Santiago.[12] On 5 May 2013, he was proclaimed as candidate by the Allendist Socialism movement.[13] On 15 June 2013, he was proclaimed as candidate by the Liberal Party (formerly known as Chilefirst)[14] and on 13 July 2013 by the Progressive Party.[15] He officially registered his candidacy at the Electoral Service on 17 August 2013.[16]
5
Roxana Miranda (cropped).jpg

Roxana Miranda
Equality Party
Partido Igualdad.png Equality Party The leader of ANDHA Chile (a group representing mortgage borrowers) was proclaimed on 21 January 2013 as the Equality Party's candidate for president.[17] She officially registered her candidacy at the Electoral Service on 19 August 2013.[18]
6
Michelle Bachelet headshot 2013.jpg

Michelle Bachelet
Socialist Party
Logo de la Nueva Mayoría.svg New Majority: The former President from 2006 to 2010 became the New Majority candidate after beating three other candidates in a coalition primary held on 30 June 2013.[19] For further details, see Chilean presidential primaries, 2013.
7
Evelyn Matthei, fotografía oficial, campaña presidencial 2013.jpg

Evelyn Matthei
Independent Democratic Union
HPP 104 Alianza por Chile 240.PNG Alliance: The former senator and Labor minister was picked as candidate by her party's political commission on 20 July 2013, replacing Pablo Longueira who had quit the race three days earlier.[20] She was formally proclaimed as candidate by both UDI and National Renewal on 10 August 2013.[21][22] She officially registered her candidacy at the Electoral Service on 18 August 2013.[23] For further details, see Chilean presidential primaries, 2013.
8
Alfredo Sfeir (cropped).jpg

Alfredo Sfeir
Green Ecologist Party
Green Ecologist Party The economist and spiritual leader was proclaimed as candidate by the Green Ecologist Party on 13 April 2013,[24] after beating Félix González in a party primary.[25] He officially registered his candidacy at the Electoral Service on 19 August 2013.[26]
9
TJH (cropped).jpg

Tomás Jocelyn-Holt
Independent
Independent electors Former Christian Democrat deputy[27] and former member of the Liberal Party (PL). On 9 December 2012, the PL decided to withdraw their support for his candidacy.[28] He officially registered his independent candidacy at the Electoral Service on 19 August 2013.[29]

Declined candidacies[edit]

  • Eduardo Díaz (Ind.): The former mayor of Toltén and founder of the Southern Party (now defunct) is supported by the Alianza Independiente Regionalista (AIRE) movement.[30] By July 2013 he said he had collected around 28 thousand signatures.[31] However, he did not officially register his candidacy before the legal deadline of 19 August 2013.
  • Pablo Longueira (UDI): The former Minister of Economy and senator became the Alliance candidate for president after he beat Andrés Allamand from the National Renewal party in a two-party primary held on 30 June 2013.[19] However, on 17 July 2013 he unexpectedly quit the race after being diagnosed with depression.[32]
  • Gustavo Ruz (Ind.): sociologist and founder of the Movement for a Constituent Assembly was selected by said group as their candidate on 14 May 2013.[33] On 19 August 2013 he stepped out of the race, having collected only 27 thousand signatures out of the necessary 36 thousand.[34]

Opinion polls for presidential race[edit]

Legend
Not in the list
Wins election
May win election
Runoff
May go to a runoff

First-round scenarios[edit]

Publisher Field date Date published Bachelet Claude MEO Israel TJH Matthei Miranda Parisi Sfeir Other DK/NR Error Comments
CERC June 10–22, 2013 July 18, 2013 51 3 5 4 24 14 3.0 Source
La Segunda-UDD July 9–10, 2013 July 12, 2013 39 2 7 6 25 21 3 Source
CEP July 13-August 18, 2013 August 29, 2013 45 2 4 11 4 14 20 3.0 Open question. (Source)
IPSOS August 17-September 9, 2013 September 16, 2013 31 7 9 1 2 20 1 13 2 15 3.3 Will go to vote (75%). (Source)
IPSOS August 17-September 9, 2013 September 16, 2013 33 8 11 1 1 22 1 11 1 11 3.3 Likely voters (53%). (Source)
Conecta August 30-September 7, 2013 September 13, 2013 39.8 3.2 8.8 0.2 17.7 0.8 9.9 0.5 4.1 15.0 3.9 Source
Ichem (U. Autónoma) August 23-September 27, 2013 October 9, 2013 44.4 3.5 8.4 0.2 0.2 17.3 0.0 7.6 0.8 17.7 2.35 Will "surely" go to vote (55%). (Source)
La Segunda-UDD September 10–12, 2013 September 13, 2013 38 4 7 0 0 27 0 8 1 15 3.1 Source
ICSO (UDP) September 2-October 10, 2013 October 17, 2013 45.2 4.6 7.3 <1.0 <1.0 15.9 <1.0 12.0 <1.0 4.9 9.6 2.72 Likely voters (51.4%). (Source)
CEP September 13-October 14, 2013 October 29, 2013 47 3 7 0 0 14 0 10 0 16 3 3.0 Ballot-box vote. (Source)
CEP September 13-October 14, 2013 October 29, 2013 54 3 8 0 0 19 0 7 0 9 3.0 Will "surely" go to vote (50%). Questionnaire. (Source)
CEP September 13-October 14, 2013 October 29, 2013 53.6 4.1 7.2 0.0 0.1 17.1 0.5 7.8 0.4 9.3 3.0 Will "surely" go to vote (50%). Ballot-box vote. (Source)
IPSOS September 24-October 4, 2013 October 7, 2013 34 6 7 2 2 19 2 15 1 12 3.3 Will go to vote (72%). (Source)
IPSOS September 24-October 4, 2013 October 7, 2013 33 5 7 2 2 23 2 15 1 10 3.3 Likely voters (49%). (Source)
IPSOS October 8–18, 2013 October 22, 2013 30 6 8 2 2 19 3 15 2 13 2.6 Will go to vote (75%). (Source)
IPSOS October 8–18, 2013 October 22, 2013 32 6 7 2 3 20 3 14 2 11 2.6 Likely voters (51%). (Source)
La Segunda-UDD October 16–17, 2013 October 18, 2013 40 3 7 0 0 26 0 10 0 14 3.4 Source
El Mercurio-Opina October 19/20 and 26/27, 2013 November 2, 2013 46.2 1.7 7.2 0.2 0.1 21.7 1.1 7.9 0.3 13.6 3.1 Likely voters (56.1%). Ballot-box vote. (Source)
IPSOS October 19-November 5, 2013 November 7, 2013 30 5 12 2 0 20 3 13 2 13 2.2 Will go to vote (76%). (Source)
IPSOS October 19-November 5, 2013 November 7, 2013 32 6 11 2 0 20 3 14 3 9 2.2 Likely voters (54%). (Source)

Second-round scenarios[edit]

Bachelet vs. Matthei[edit]

Publisher Field date Date published Bachelet Matthei Other DK/NR Error Comments
Conecta August 30-September 7, 2013 September 13, 2013 57.6 23.1 9.3 10.0 3.9 Source
ICSO (UDP) September 2-October 10, 2013 October 17, 2013 47.4 17.2 22.0 13.4 2.72 Source
Ipsos-Usach November 21-December 2, 2013 December 11, 2013 65.2 34.9 4.3 Voted in first round and will go to vote. (Source)

Presidential campaign[edit]

Debates[edit]

First round[edit]

All nine candidates during the Anatel debate.

The first debate was organized by ANP (National Press Association) and CNN Chile and took place in Coquimbo's Enjoy Casino on 9 October. It ran from 20:00-22:00 with all candidates —except Bachelet— participating.[35] It was moderated by CNN Chile anchor Daniel Matamala. There were four other journalists from regional media present who asked the candidates two randomly selected questions. Matamala also asked two questions, which were the same to all eight candidates.[36]

A radio debate organized by the Radio Broadcasters Association of Chile (Archi), took place on 25 October 2013 at the Gabriela Mistral Cultural Centre (GAM) in Santiago. The debate, which featured all nine candidates for the first time, was broadcast by over 600 radio stations across the country. It started at 8 AM and lasted for about 140 minutes. It was moderated by Archi president Luis Pardo and included four radio journalists: Sergio Campos (Cooperativa), Cony Stipicic (Duna), Mauricio Bustamente (Infinita) and Alejandro de la Carrera (Agricultura).[37][38]

A series of two consecutive televised debates were organized by the National Television Association (Anatel) and broadcast by all national terrestrial television stations. All nine candidates participated, as well. The first part of the debate aired on 29 October 2013, with a second part transmitted the next day. Both shows took place at TVN's studios in Santiago, beginning at 10 PM and running for over two hours. Former Anatel president Bernardo Donoso served as moderator. The journalists for the first day were Constanza Santa María (Canal 13), Soledad Onetto (Mega) and Claudio Elórtegui (UCV-TV); while the journalists for the second day were Beatriz Sánchez (La Red), Iván Núñez (Chilevisión) and Mauricio Bustamante (TVN).[39][40]

Runoff[edit]

A radio debate on 6 December 2013 was organized by Archi.[41][better source needed] A television debate organized by Anatel was held 10 December 2013.[42][better source needed]

Results[edit]

President[edit]

Ballot used in the first round
Ballot used in the runoff

Official and final results.

Candidate Party/coalition First round Second round
Votes  % Votes  %
Michelle Bachelet PS/New Majority 3,075,839 46.70 3,470,379 62.16
Evelyn Matthei UDI/Alliance 1,648,481 25.03 2,111,891 37.83
Marco Enríquez-Ominami PRO/If You Want It, Chile Changes 723,542 10.98
Franco Parisi Independent 666,015 10.11
Marcel Claude PH/Everyone to La Moneda 185,072 2.81
Alfredo Sfeir Green Ecologist Party 154,648 2.34
Roxana Miranda Equality Party 81,873 1.24
Ricardo Israel Regionalist Party of the Independents 37,744 0.57
Tomás Jocelyn-Holt Independent 12,594 0.19
Valid votes 6,585,808 100.00 5,582,270 100.00
Null votes 66,935 0.99 82,916 1.45
Blank votes 46,268 0.69 32,565 0.57
Total votes 6,699,011 100.00 5,697,751 100.00
Registered voters/turnout 13,573,143 49.35 13,573,143 41.97
Voting age population/turnout 13,160,122 50.90 13,160,122 43.29
Sources: First round: Tricel via Diario Oficial; Tricel via LeyChile. Second round: Tricel.

Senate[edit]

Ballot used in the Senate election in Coquimbo region.

Senators are elected for eight-year mandates, and roughly half of the Senate is renewed every four years. On this election, ten out of 19 senatorial constituencies were contested. As each constituency elects two representatives, this results in 20 new senators.

Provisional results including 99.97% of ballot boxes.

Electoral pact/party Votes  % Candidates Seats Total seats  % seats
New Majority 2,281,991 50.64 20 12 21 55.26
    Christian Democratic Party 744,056 16.51 7 2 6 15.78
    Socialist Party 728,090 16.15 6 4 6 15.78
    Party for Democracy 556,084 12.34 3 3 6 15.78
    Broad Social Movement 156,280 3.46 1 1 1 2.63
    Communist Party 6,408 0.14 1 0 0 0.00
    Independents 91,073 2.02 2 2 2 5.26
Alliance 1,712,787 38.00 19 7 16 42.10
    National Renewal 732,403 16.25 7 2 8 21.05
    Independent Democratic Union 661,373 14.67 8 5 8 21.05
    Independents 319,011 7.07 4 0 0 0.00
New Constitution for Chile 176,145 3.90 9 0 0 0.00
    Equality Party 70,749 1.57 3 0 0 0.00
    Green Ecologist Party 9,917 0.22 1 0 0 0.00
    Independents 95,479 2.11 5 0 0 0.00
Humanist Party 156,509 3.47 9 0 0 0.00
If You Want It, Chile Changes 110,063 2.44 4 0 0 0.00
    Independents 110,063 2.44 4 0 0 0.00
Independents 68,698 1.52 6 1 1 2.63
Valid votes 4,506,193 100.00 67 20 38 100.00
Null votes 166,598 3.43
Blank votes 177,540 3.66
Total votes 4,850,331 100.00
Source: Servel

Note: There were 29,727 ballot boxes for the Senate election. The results above are a revised count made by the polling officers the following day.

Chamber of Deputies[edit]

Ballot used in the deputies election.

Provisional results including 99.97% of ballot boxes.

Electoral pact/party Votes  % Candidates Seats  % seats
New Majority 2,966,629 47.74 118 67 55.83
    Christian Democratic Party 966,848 15.56 38 21 17.50
    Socialist Party 691,499 11.13 24 15 12.50
    Party for Democracy 685,450 11.03 25 15 12.50
    Communist Party 255,542 4.11 8 6 5.00
    Social Democrat Radical Party 225,859 3.63 12 6 5.00
    Broad Social Movement 6,374 0.10 1 0 0.00
    Independents 135,057 2.17 10 4 3.33
Alliance 2,248,045 36.18 120 49 40.83
    Independent Democratic Union 1,176,135 18.93 56 29 24.16
    National Renewal 925,810 14.90 50 19 15.83
    Independents 146,100 2.35 14 1 0.83
If You Want It, Chile Changes 338,380 5.45 75 1 0.83
    Progressive Party 236,035 3.80 51 0 0.00
    Liberal Party 16,648 0.27 2 1 0.83
    Independents 85,697 1.38 22 0 0.00
Humanist Party 209,306 3.37 67 0 0.00
New Constitution for Chile 173,213 2.79 47 0 0.00
    Equality Party 67,307 1.08 19 0 0.00
    Green Ecologist Party 32,798 0.53 5 0 0.00
    Independents 73,108 1.18 23 0 0.00
Regionalist Party of the Independents 72,356 1.16 26 0 0.00
Independents 206,381 3.32 17 3 2.50
Valid votes 6,214,310 100.00 470 120 100.00
Null votes 221,182 3.30
Blank votes 257,465 3.84
Total votes 6,692,957 100.00
Source: Servel

Note: There were 41,349 ballot boxes for the Chamber of Deputies election. The results above are a revised count made by the polling officers the following day.

Vote share
UDI
  
18.93%
PDC
  
15.56%
RN
  
14.90%
PS
  
11.13%
PPD
  
11.03%
PCCh
  
4.11%
PRO
  
3.80%
PRSD
  
3.63%
PH
  
3.37%
PRI
  
1.16%
PI
  
1.08%
Others
  
9.02%

Regional boards[edit]

Ballot used in the regional board election in Magallanes province

Provisional results including 99.92% of ballot boxes.

Electoral pact/party Votes  % Candidates Seats
Alliance 1,879,311 32.27 276 102
    Independent Democratic Union 822,819 14.13 102 47
    National Renewal 809,988 13.91 124 42
    Independents 246,504 4.23 50 13
New Majority for Chilea 1,452,049 24.93 273 89
    Christian Democratic Party 718,188 12.33 117 45
    Socialist Party 614,178 10.54 126 33
    Independents 119,683 2.05 30 11
New Majority for Chilea 1,269,913 21.81 263 69
    Party for Democracy 569,217 9.77 82 32
    Communist Party 286,422 4.91 58 12
    Social Democrat Radical Party 173,002 2.97 59 12
    Broad Social Movement 6,602 0.11 3 0
    Independents 234,670 4.03 61 13
If You Want It, Chile Changes 363,405 6.24 142 3
    Progressive Party 227,889 3.91 63 2
    Liberal Party 1,402 0.02 8 0
    Independents 134,114 2.30 71 1
PRI Regionalist Movement 346,103 5.94 207 8
    Regionalist Party of the Independents 179,146 3.07 105 2
    Independents 166,957 2.86 102 6
Everyone to La Moneda 262,998 4.51 118 1
    Humanist Party 99,615 1.71 34 0
    Independents 163,383 2.80 84 1
New Constitution for Chile 200,997 3.45 77 1
    Equality Party 39,367 0.67 20 0
    Green Ecologist Party 34,572 0.59 10 1
    Green Ecologist Party of the North 3,930 0.06 5 0
    Independents 123,128 2.11 42 0
For the Development of the North 22,849 0.39 15 4
    Northern Force 4,198 0.07 3 0
    Independents 18,651 0.32 12 4
Independents 24,576 0.42 11 1
Valid votes 5,822,201 100.00 1,382 278
Null votes 322,578 4.83
Blank votes 529,132 7.92
Total votes 6,673,911 100.00
Source: Servel

Note: There were 41,349 ballot boxes for the regional boards election. The results above are a revised count made by the polling officers the following day.
a The New Majority coalition split into two lists for this election. The names in Spanish are similar and both translate as "New Majority for Chile". The list obtaining the most votes is called Nueva Mayoría para Chile and the other list is called Nueva Mayoría por Chile.

Reactions[edit]

Following the result of the first round election, Bachelet said: "We knew that it would be tough to win on the first round, we worked really hard, and we almost did it. We did win tonight, and we are going to work hard to win comfortably in December."[43] Following the first round, both candidates offered no change in aggressive campaigning for the second round except to include young MPs elected in their campaign. Matthei did however compare her politices that of German Chancellor Angela Merkel and Bachelet's to that of the former East Germany. While Green Ecologist Party's candidate Alfredo Sfeir was the only losing first-round candidate to back one of the two second-round candidates, in his case Michelle Bachelet,[44] independent candidate Franco Parisi said "Bachelet will be a great President, (...) Matthei would do bad for Chile, she is not to be trusted."[45]

U.S. President Barack Obama spoke with Bachelet, while the White House issued a statement that read: "The President expressed his desire to continue strengthening the relationship between the United States and Chile, building on the close partnership he enjoyed with President-elect...The President looks forward to working closely with President-elect Bachelet to advance our shared interests in the years ahead."[46]

Analysis[edit]

Though Bachelet's New Majority gained a majority of seats in the legislature, it failed to gain a four-sevenths majority required to pass legislation for her cornerstone education reform, which was the reason for mass mobilisation amidst the ongoing 2011–13 Chilean student protests. They also failed to get a two-thirds majority to restructure the 1981 constitution of Chile enacted during the Augusto Pinochet regime. Wake Forest political science Professor Peter Siavelis suggested: "The [congressional elections] result will surely be disappointing for Bachelet. Social movements that have spilled onto the streets are demanding reform, yet the limits of the institutional structure of Chile are going to limit her capacity to engage in reform. Even though Bachelet may be the winner tonight she is not in an enviable position."[43] The Washington Post said that Bachelet's "legacy now rides on her ability to craft a coalition for far-reaching structural and particularly political reform." It also questioned what a low turnout could mean for her mandate, which it said was not clear enough as she had to go to a second round.[44] The Huffington Post drew the 40th anniversary of the 11 September attack as a more than subtle backdrop to the election while saying the election was a referendum on Pinochet.[47]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Servicio Electoral". Servel.cl. Retrieved 2013-11-22. 
  2. ^ http://www.servel.cl/ss/Satellite?blobcol=urldata&blobheader=application%2Fpdf&blobheadername1=content-disposition&blobheadervalue1=inline%3B+filename%3D%22Cronograma+Segunda+Votación+Elección+Presidencial.pdf%22&blobkey=id&blobtable=MungoBlobs&blobwhere=1381423812021&ssbinary=true
  3. ^ a b "Minuto a minuto: Piñera visitó a Matthei tras su derrota en 2ª vuelta (fin)". Emol.com. 2013-12-15. Retrieved 2013-12-21. 
  4. ^ "Servicio Electoral ratifica las declaraciones de todas las candidaturas presidenciales | Política". La Tercera. 2013-08-28. Retrieved 2013-10-18. 
  5. ^ "Franco Parisi, precandidato presidencial: ''La política chilena está como las farmacias, coludida'' -20120201". Adnradio.cl. Retrieved 2012-02-03. 
  6. ^ "Con 52 mil firmas, Franco Parisi inscribe candidatura presidencial independiente | Política". La Tercera. 2013-08-07. Retrieved 2013-10-18. 
  7. ^ post (2013-01-26). "Economista Marcel Claude lanza su candidatura presidencial | Negocios". La Tercera. Retrieved 2013-04-04. 
  8. ^ "Partido Humanista proclama a economista Marcel Claude como candidato presidencial - Nacional - BioBioChile". Nacional.biobiochile.cl. Retrieved 2013-04-04. 
  9. ^ "Marcel Claude inscribe oficialmente su candidatura presidencial en el Servel | Política". La Tercera. 1990-01-01. Retrieved 2013-10-18. 
  10. ^ "PRI proclama a Ricardo Israel como candidato presidencial | Política". La Tercera. 1990-01-01. Retrieved 2013-07-21. 
  11. ^ "Ricardo Israel inscribe su candidatura presidencial por el PRI". Emol.com. 2013-08-14. Retrieved 2013-10-18. 
  12. ^ post (1990-01-01). "Marco Enríquez-Ominami lanzó oficialmente su candidatura presidencial | Política". La Tercera. Retrieved 2012-11-04. 
  13. ^ Puntos Multimedia (2013-05-05). "Socialistas-Allendistas proclaman a ex diputado Marco Enríquez Ominami como candidato ...[+". Cambio21.cl. Retrieved 2013-10-18. 
  14. ^ BioBioChile. "Partido Liberal proclamó oficialmente a Marco Enríquez- Ominami como su abanderado presidencial - BioBioChile". Biobiochile.cl. Retrieved 2013-07-03. 
  15. ^ "Se oficializó la candidatura de Marco Enríquez-Ominami". CNN Chile. 2013-07-13. Retrieved 2013-07-21. 
  16. ^ "ME-O inscribe su candidatura en el Servel: Los chilenos nos merecemos un cambio". Emol.com. 2013-08-17. Retrieved 2013-10-18. 
  17. ^ "Dirigenta vecinal asume como carta presidencial del Partido Igualdad: "Esto es una movilización más" « Radio Universidad de Chile – Diario Electrónico". Radio.uchile.cl. Retrieved 2013-04-04. 
  18. ^ "Roxana Miranda inscribe candidatura presidencial con 41 mil firmas | Política". La Tercera. 2013-08-19. Retrieved 2013-10-18. 
  19. ^ a b "Bachelet Wins Primary for Chile President - WSJ.com". Online.wsj.com. Retrieved 2013-07-04. 
  20. ^ "UDI nomina a Evelyn Matthei como su candidata presidencial". Radio Bío-Bío. 2013-07-20. Retrieved 2013-08-11. 
  21. ^ "Consejo de la UDI proclama en forma unánime a Evelyn Matthei como abanderada presidencial - BioBioChile". Biobiochile.cl. Retrieved 2013-10-18. 
  22. ^ "Consejo General de RN proclamó con amplia mayoría a Evelyn Matthei como su candidata". Emol.com. 2011-04-29. Retrieved 2013-10-18. 
  23. ^ "Evelyn Matthei inscribe su candidatura en el Servel y asegura que habrá segunda vuelta". Emol.com. 2013-08-18. Retrieved 2013-10-18. 
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