Chilean ironclad Blanco Encalada
||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the Spanish Wikipedia. (December 2009)|
|Namesake:||Manuel Blanco Encalada|
|Builder:||Earle's Shipbuilding Co., Hull|
|Launched:||8 May 1875|
|Fate:||Sunk by torpedo, 23 April 1891|
|Class & type:||Almirante Cochrane-class ironclad|
|Displacement:||3,480 long tons (3,540 t)|
|Length:||210 ft (64.0 m)|
|Beam:||46 ft 9 in (14.2 m)|
|Draught:||19 ft 8 in (6.0 m)|
|Installed power:||3,000 ihp (2,200 kW)|
|Propulsion:||2 shafts, 2 Trunk steam engines
6 cylindrical boilers
|Sail plan:||Barque rig|
|Speed:||12 knots (22 km/h; 14 mph)|
|Range:||1,200 nmi (2,200 km; 1,400 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph)|
|Armament:||6 × 9 in (229 mm) muzzle-loading rifles
1 × 20-pounder gun
1 × 9-pounder gun
1 × 7-pounder gun
|Armour:||Belt: 4.5–9 in (114–229 mm)
Battery: 6–8 in (152–203 mm)
Deck: 2–3 in (51–76 mm)
Conning tower: 4.5 in (114 mm)
Bulkheads: 6 in (152 mm)
Blanco Encalada was an armored frigate built by Earle's Shipbuilding Co. in England for the Chilean Navy in 1875. She was nicknamed El Blanco. She participated actively in the War of the Pacific, her most important action being the capture of the Peruvian monitor Huáscar during the battle of Angamos.
Blanco formed part of the congressional forces that brought down President José Manuel Balmaceda in the 1891 Chilean Civil War. She was sunk during that conflict on 23 April 1891, becoming the first warship to be sunk by a self-propelled torpedo.
- "Blanco Encalada, fragata blindada (1º).". Armada de Chile. Retrieved 2009-10-27. (Spanish)
Much of this article was translated from Blanco Encalada (fragata blindada).
- Gardiner, Robert, ed. (1979). Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1860–1905. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-8317-0302-4.
- Silverstone, Paul H. (1984). Directory of the World's Capital Ships. New York: Hippocrene Books. ISBN 0-88254-979-0.
- "Some South American Ironclads". Warship International (Toledo, OH: Naval Records Club) VIII (2): 203–204. 1971.