According to the Chilean Constitution, the citizens could exercise the right to suffrage, or, those who have expired 18 years of age and have not been condemned to a sorrow superior to 3 years of prison (a distressing sorrow). To take part in the elections it was needed to be before inscribed in the electoral records and to present the bond of identity. The requirements to register were a 18-year-old major being in the day of the election and to have Chilean nationality or to be a resident foreigner for more than five years in the country (that one credits with a certificate expressed by the respective provincial governor). The right to vote was remaining suspended by interdiction in case of dementia, for being accused by crime that deserves a distressing sorrow or for crime for terrorism and for sanction of the Constitutional Court (in conformity to the article 19 n. º 15 clause 7. º of the Constitution).
In agreement to the legislation of the epoch, the process of inscription in the electoral records was voluntary, but after having registered, the elector was forced to support to perpetuity and only it could apologize for reasons of health or for being located to more than 300 kilometres of distance of the place of voting, fact of the one that can leave witness him in the Carabineers' most nearby unit of Chile. In case of not helping or not to take up office as member of table, the electors could be condemned to the payment of fines. Though on March 27, 2009 there was promulgated by the chairwoman Michelle Bachelet the law that establishes the automatic inscription of the voters and that allows the voluntary voting of these, 4 the entry in force of the above mentioned regulation was not applicable in these elections due to the lack of the law that was regulating sayings procesos.5 The election with voluntary vote materialized in the municipal elections of 2012.
Concert & Together We Can fore more democracy
Arrate & Frei in 2009.
The A list conformed after the union of two political coalitions that had taken part separately in the elections of 2005. On one hand the Concert of parties for democracy, which was grouping to the center-left parties that since 1990 governed the country. In the other hand the left-wing Together We Can More, that it suffered an internal division after the exit of the Humanist Party.
The reason of this strange union was, the Binomial System that get out the political left from the National Congress since 1994.
In March, 2009, two Congressmen of the Alliance for Chile obtained the speaker of the Senate and the speaker of the Deputies' Chamber, by means of an agreement with the independent bench and with the Concert, respectively. The above mentioned agreements were not lacking in polemic, since the Senator who postulated the alliance to preside at the above mentioned organism, Jovino Novoa, was duramente criticized for personeros of the Concert in view of his past as member of Augusto Pinochet Ugarte's military regime.
In spite of the critiques, the Alliance for Chile awarded a political victory on having presided at both chambers of the National Congress and some of the most influential commissions of the same one, which, they waited in the conglomerate opponent, he was benefiting Sebastián Piñera's candidacy.
After having integrated the list Clean Chile, Vote Happy, one was generated fail between the charter members of ChileFirst with regard to the position that would take the party opposite to the presidential and parliamentary elections of 2009. Whereas Jorge Schaulsohn and Senator Flores supported the candidate of the Alliance for Chile Sebastián Piñera, the deputy Esteban Valenzuela rejected to join with the center-right and resigned ChileFirst to endorse Marco Enríquez-Ominami's candidacy. The support to Piñera on the part of ChileFirst was made official on May 6, 2009, when one presented the "Coalition for the Change", electoral agreement between the Alliance for Chile, ChileFirst and other political minor movements.
New Majority for Chile was a political coalition that grouped the Ecologist party of Chile, the Humanist Party of Chile, and diverse political and independent movements that supported the candidacy of the independent Marco Enríquez-Ominami for the presidential election of 2009. Between the movements and groups without political legal constitution that they it shaped are the Regionalist Movement, the Movement Unified of Sexual Minorities (MUMS), the Movement SurDA and the Progressist Network.