President of Chile

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President of
the Republic of Chile
Flag of the President of Chile.svg
Michele Bachelet (2009).jpg
Incumbent
Michelle Bachelet

since 11 March 2014
Style Her Excellency
Residence La Moneda Palace
Term length Four years, not eligible for re-election immediately
Inaugural holder Manuel Blanco Encalada
Formation 9 July 1826
Website Government of Chile

The President of the Republic of Chile (Spanish: Presidente de la República de Chile) is the head of state and the head of government of the Republic of Chile. The President is responsible for both government and state administration.[1] Although its role and significance has changed over the history of Chile, as well as its position and relations with other actors in the national political organization, it is one of the most prominent political figures. It is also considered as one of the institutions that make up the "Historic Constitution of Chile", and is essential to the country's political stability.[2]

Under the current Constitution (adopted in the 1980), the President is elected to serve for a period of four years, with immediate re-election being prohibited. The shorter period (previously the term was six years) allows for parliamentary and presidential elections to be synchronized. The official seat of the President of Chile is the La Moneda Palace in the capital Santiago.

List of heads of state of Chile (1810–present)[edit]

Heads of state during the Chilean War of Independence (1810–1826)[edit]

Parties
  • 1810–1823:

      Royalists       Patriots       Independent

  • 1823–1826:

      Pelucones       Pipiolos

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Ligislature Term of Office Political Party
Took Office Left Office
Flag of Chile (1812-1814).svgOld Fatherland (1810–1814) • Coat of arms of Chile (1812-1814).svg
1 Mateo de Toro y Zambrano.jpg Mateo de Toro Zambrano
(1727–1811)
18 September 1810 26 February 1811 Royalists
2 Juan Martínez de Rozas.JPG Juan Martínez de Rozas
(1759–1813)
26 February 1811 2 April 1811 Patriots
3 Fernando Marquez de la Plata.jpg Fernando Márquez de la Plata
(1740–1818)
1811 2 April 1811 20 July 1811 Royalists
4 MartinCalvoEncalada.jpg Martín Calvo Encalada
(1756–1828)
20 July 1811 16 November 1811 Patriots
5 Pintura José Miguel Carrera.jpg José Miguel Carrera
(1785–1821)
16 November 1811 23 August 1813 Patriots
6 JMinfante.jpg José Miguel Infante
(1778–1844)
23 August 1813 11 January 1814 Patriots
7 AgustinEyzaguirre.jpg Agustín Eyzaguirre
(1768–1837)
11 January 1814 7 March 1814 Patriots
8 Antonio de Irisarri.jpg Antonio José de Irisarri
(1786–1868)
7 March 1814 14 March 1814 Patriots
9 Fco. de la Lastra.JPG Francisco de la Lastra
(1777–1852)
14 March 1814 23 July 1814 Patriots
10 Pintura José Miguel Carrera.jpg José Miguel Carrera
(1785–1821)
23 July 1814 2 October 1814 Patriots
Flag of Spain (1785-1873 and 1875-1931).svgSpanish Reconquest (1814–1817) • Spanish empire coat of arms.PNG
1 MarianoOsorio.JPG Mariano Osorio
(1777–1819)
2 October 1814 26 December 1815 Royalists
2 CasimiroMarcoDelPont.JPG Francisco Marcó del Pont
(1770–1819)
26 December 1815 12 February 1817 Royalists
Flag of Chile (1817-1818).svgNew Fatherland (1817–1826) • Coat of arms of Chile (1818).svg
1 FRuizTagle.jpg Francisco Ruiz-Tagle
(1790–1860)
12 February 1817 16 February 1817 Independent/
Pelucones
2 Ohiggins.jpg Bernardo O'Higgins
(1778–1842)
16 February 1817 28 January 1823 Independent/
Pipiolos
3 AgustinEyzaguirre.jpg Agustín Eyzaguirre
(1768–1837)
1822 28 January 1823 4 April 1823 Independent
4 Ramón Freire.jpeg Ramón Freire
(1787–1851)
1823 4 April 1823 9 July 1826 Pipiolos

Presidents of the Republic of Chile (1826–present)[edit]

Parties
  • 1826–1841:

      Independent       Pipiolos       Pelucones

  • 1841–1973:

      Conservative Party       National Party       Liberal Party       Liberal Democratic Party       Radical Party       Christian Democratic Party       Socialist Party

  • 1973–1990:

      Military

  • 1990–present:

      Christian Democratic Party       Party for Democracy       Socialist Party       National Renewal

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Elected Term of Office Political Party
Took Office Left Office
1 Manuel Blanco Encalada (Nataniel Hughes, 1853).jpg Manuel Blanco Encalada
(1790–1876)
1826 9 July 1826 9 September 1826 Independent/
Pipiolos
2 AgustinEyzaguirre.jpg Agustín Eyzaguirre
(1768–1837)
9 September 1826 25 January 1827 Independent
3 Ramón Freire.jpeg Ramón Freire
(1787–1851)
1827 25 January 1827 8 May 1827 Pipiolos
4 FranciscoAntonioPinto.jpg Francisco Antonio Pinto
(1785–1858)
8 May 1827 18 September 1831
(resigned in 1829)
Pipiolos
5 JJPrieto.JPG José Joaquín Prieto
(1786–1854)
1831 18 September 1831 18 September 1841 Pelucones
6 ManuelBulnes.JPG Manuel Bulnes
(1799–1866)
1841 18 September 1841 18 September 1851 Conservative Party
7 Manuel Montt presidente-2.jpg Manuel Montt
(1809–1890)
1851 18 September 1851 18 September 1861 Conservative Party then
National Party
8 JJPEREZ.png José Joaquín Pérez
(1801–1889)
1861 18 September 1861 18 September 1871 National Party
(Fusion)
9 Federico Errázuriz Zañartu.jpg Federico Errázuriz Zañartu
(1825–1877)
1871 18 September 1871 18 September 1876 Liberal Party
(Fusion)
10 Anibal Pinto 3.jpg Aníbal Pinto
(1825–1884)
1876 18 September 1876 18 September 1881 Liberal Party
(Liberal Alliance)
11 DomingoSantaMariaGonzalez.jpg Domingo Santa María
(1825–1889)
1881 18 September 1881 18 September 1886 Liberal Party
(Liberal Alliance)
12 JoseManuelBalmaceda.JPG José Manuel Balmaceda
(1840–1891)
1886 18 September 1886 31 August 1891 Liberal Party
(Liberal Alliance)
13 Jorge Montt Alvarez(3).jpg Jorge Montt
(1845–1922)
1891 31 August 1891 18 September 1896 Independent
(Coalition)
14 Federico Errázuriz Echaurren.jpg Federico Errázuriz Echaurren
(1850–1901)
1896 31 August 1896 12 July 1901
(death in office)
Liberal Party
(Coalition)
15 German Riesco.jpg Germán Riesco
(1854–1916)
1901 18 September 1901 18 September 1906 Liberal Party
(Liberal Alliance)
16 Retrato de Pedro Montt.JPG Pedro Montt
(1849–1910)
1906 18 September 1906 16 August 1910 National Party
(Liberal Alliance)
17 Barros Luco2.jpg Ramón Barros Luco
(1835–1919)
1910 23 December 1910 23 December 1915 Liberal Party
(Liberal Alliance)
18 Jlsanfuentes.PNG Juan Luis Sanfuentes
(1858–1930)
1915 23 December 1915 23 December 1920 Liberal Democratic Party
(Coalition)
19 Alessandri Ulk (1932).jpg Arturo Alessandri Palma
(1868–1950)
1920 23 December 1920 11 September 1924
(deposed by a coup)
Liberal Party
(Liberal Alliance)
20 Pdte.Emiliano Figueroa.JPG Emiliano Figueroa Larraín
(1866–1931)
1925 23 December 1925 10 May 1927
(deposed by a coup)
Liberal Democratic Party
(Coalition)
21 Carlos Ibanez.jpg Carlos Ibáñez del Campo
(1877–1960)
1927 10 May 1927 15 November 1931 Independent
22 JEMontero.jpg Juan Esteban Montero
(1879–1948)
1931 15 November 1931 4 June 1932
(deposed by a coup)
Radical Party
23 Alessandri Ulk (1932).jpg Arturo Alessandri Palma
(1868–1950)
1932 24 December 1932 24 December 1938 Liberal Party
24 Pedro Aguirre Cerda.jpg Pedro Aguirre Cerda
(1879–1941)
1938 24 December 1938 25 November 1941
(death in office)
Radical Party
(Popular Front)
25 Retrato del Presidente Juan Antonio Ríos.jpg Juan Antonio Ríos
(1888–1946)
1942 2 April 1942 27 June 1946
(death in office)
Radical Party
(Democratic Alliance)
26 Gabriel Gonzalez Videla.jpg Gabriel González Videla
(1898–1980)
1946 3 November 1946 3 November 1952 Radical Party
27 Carlos Ibanez.jpg Carlos Ibáñez del Campo
(1877–1960)
1952 3 November 1952 3 November 1958 Independent
(FENAFUI)
28 Retrato de Jorge Alessandri con banda presidencial.JPG Jorge Alessandri Rodríguez
(1896–1986)
1958 3 November 1958 3 November 1964 Independent
(Democratic Front of Chile)
29 Eduardo Frei Montalva en su escritorio de La Moneda.jpg Eduardo Frei Montalva
(1911–1982)
1964 3 November 1964 3 November 1970 Christian Democratic Party
30 Salvador Allende Gossens-.jpg Salvador Allende Gossens
(1908–1973)
1970 3 November 1970 11 September 1973
(deposed by a coup)
Socialist Party
(Popular Unity)
31 Pinochet de Civil.jpg Augusto Pinochet Ugarte
(1915–2006)
11 September 1973 11 March 1990 Military
32 Aylwin Banda.jpg Patricio Aylwin Azócar
(born in 1918)
1989 11 March 1990 11 March 1994 Christian Democratic Party
(Concertación)
33 Eduardo Frei 1998 (recorte).jpg Eduardo Frei Ruiz-Tagle
(born in 1942)
1993 11 March 1994 11 March 2000 Christian Democratic Party
(Concertación)
34 Ricardo Lagos despedida (cropped).jpg Ricardo Lagos Escobar
(born in 1938)
1999 11 March 2000 11 March 2006 Party for Democracy
(Concertación)
35 Michele Bachelet (2009).jpg Michelle Bachelet Jeria
(born in 1951)
2005 11 March 2006 11 March 2010 Socialist Party
(Concertación)
36 Fotografía oficial del Presidente Sebastián Piñera - 2.jpg Sebastián Piñera Echenique
(born in 1949)
2009 11 March 2010 11 March 2014 National Renewal
(Coalición)
37 Michele Bachelet (2009).jpg Michelle Bachelet Jeria
(born in 1951)
2013 11 March 2014 Incumbent Socialist Party
(Nueva Mayoría)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ See Sentencia Rol 78-1989 of the Constitutional Court of Chile, relapsed on the Central Bank of Chile's Constitutional Act project (declarations Nº 7 to 13).
  2. ^ Bravo Lira, Bernardino (1996). "Introducción. Raíz y razón del Estado de derecho en Chile". El Estado de Derecho en la Historia de Chile. Santiago, Chile: Ediciones Universidad Católica de Chile. 

External links[edit]