Chilean presidential election, 1946

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Presidential election, 1946
Chile
1942 ←
Wednesday September 4, 1946 → 1952

Turnout 75.93% Decrease5.4%
  Gabriel Gonzalez Videla (recortada).jpg ECruzCoke.jpg
Candidate Gabriel González Videla Eduardo Cruz-Coke
Party Radical Conservative
Alliance Democratic Alliance National Falange
Popular vote 192,207 142,441
Percentage 40.2% 29.81%
Confirmation 138 46

  FAlessandriR.jpg Bernardo Ibáñez Aguila.jpg
Candidate Fernando Alessandri Bernardo Ibáñez
Party Liberal Socialist
Alliance
Popular vote 131,023 12,114
Percentage 27.42% 2.54%
Coat of arms of Chile.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Chile

Presidential elections were held in Chile on 4 September 1946.[1] The result was a victory for Gabriel González Videla of the Radical Party, who received 40% of the public vote and 75% of the Congressional vote.

Electoral system[edit]

The election was held using the absolute majority system, under which a candidate had to receive over 50% of the popular vote to be elected. If no candidate received over 50% of the vote, both house of the National Congress would come together to vote on the two candidates that received the most votes.[2]

Candidates[edit]

Fernando Alessandri[edit]

The support of the Democratic Alliance to Gonzalez motivates the separation of a part of the Radical Party, opposite to the communist-radical alliance, which there shapes the Democratic Radical party directed by Julio Durán and Arturo Olavarría. This conglomerate raises Alfredo Duhalde's candidacy, supported also by the Authentic Socialist Party. Then, in one slightly confused situation, Duhalde and Arturo Alessandri stoop his respective candidacies giving step to the candidate Fernando Alessandri Rodríguez, standard-bearer of liberal, radical democratic and authentic Socialists of Marmaduke Grove.

Eduardo Cruz-Coke[edit]

The right-wing meets in his own convention in July. Conservative, liberal and agrarian Labours Parties members come to the Convention with the following candidates:

  • Conservatives: Eduardo Cruz-Coke.
  • Agrarian Labour Party: Jaime Larraín.
  • Liberal: Arturo Alessandri, Jose Maza Fernandez and Francisco Bulnes Correa.

Nevertheless none manages to triumph in the Convention (65 % was needed and then 60 % of the delegates to be elect) and this one is suspended after one week. Diverse meetings for the only candidate fail, and in this way Eduardo Cruz-Coke's candidacies remain elevated, supported for the conservatives and Arturo Alessandri, for liberal and agrarian Labour Parties members. Then he remains only Cruz-Coke supported by the conservatives, since liberal and agrarian Labours Parties members continue with Fernando Alessandri's candidacy, together with a sector of the radicalism (Democratic Radical party), after the resignations of Arturo Alessandri and the vice-president Alfredo Duhalde.

Gabriel González Videla[edit]

Already in February, 1946 the situation had been defined inside the Radical party (of the president Ríos) where there face Gabriel Gonzalez Videla and Arturo Olavarría, the latter the support of the "Duhaldist" faction. Nevertheless, before the voting this one sector abstains, leaving only Olavarría, who is widely defeated by his contender.

For your part, the Democratic Alliance, auccessor of the Popular Front, meets in a convention on July 21 and decides to support Gonzalez, leaving of side the candidacy of the communist Elías Lafertte.

Bernardo Ibañez[edit]

The Socialist Party of Chile, opposite to such circumstances, there proposes his own candidate, Bernardo Ibáñez Aguila, though in the election are going to give his vote to Gonzalez Videla.

Results[edit]

Candidate Party Public vote Congressional vote
Votes % Votes %
Gabriel González Videla Radical 192,207 40.2 138 75.0
Eduardo Cruz-Coke Conservative 142,441 29.8 46 25.0
Fernando Alessandri Liberal 131,023 27.4
Bernardo Ibáñez Socialist 12,114 2.5
Others 16 0.0
Invalid/blank votes 1,509 1
Total 479,310 100 185 100
Registered voters/turnout 631,257 75.9 192 96.4
Source: Nohlen, Chilean Electoral Database

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nohlen, D (2005) Elections in the Americas: A data handbook, Volume II, p262 ISBN 978-0-19-928358-3
  2. ^ Nohlen, p259