Chilean presidential election, 1952

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Presidential elections were held in Chile on 4 September 1952.[1] The result was a victory for Carlos Ibáñez del Campo, who ran as an independent.

Electoral system[edit]

The election was held using the absolute majority system, under which a candidate had to receive over 50% of the popular vote to be elected. If no candidate received over 50% of the vote, both house of the National Congress would come together to vote on the two candidates that received the most votes.[2]

Candidates[edit]

Pedro Enrique Alfonso[edit]

Alfonso was the candidate of the Radical Party, and was also supported by the social democratic parties. His government would have become the fourth consecutive Radical administration, since Pedro Aguirre Cerda was elected President.

Salvador Allende[edit]

Allende, a Senator, was the candidate of the Socialist Party, and was running for President for the first time. He had the support of the banned Communist Party.

Carlos Ibáñez del Campo[edit]

Former President Ibáñez was an independent Senator for Santiago, and was attempting to reach the presidency, once again, by popular vote. He had the support of minor parties, like the Socialist Popular Party and the Agrarian Labor Party, among others.

Arturo Matte[edit]

Matte was a Liberal Party Senator supported by the Liberal and Conservative parties. He was Finance Minister under the administration of Juan Antonio Ríos.

Results[edit]

Candidate Party Public vote Congressional vote
Votes % Votes %
Carlos Ibáñez del Campo Independent 446,439 46.8 132 91.7
Arturo Matte Larraín Liberal Party 265,357 27.8 12 8.3
Pedro Enrique Alfonso Barrios Radical Party 190,360 20.0
Salvador Allende Socialist Party 51,975 5.5
Invalid/blank votes 2,971 30
Total 957,102 100 174 100
Registered voters/turnout 1,105,029 86.6 192 90.6
Source: Nohlen, Chilean Electoral Database

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nohlen, D (2005) Elections in the Americas: A data handbook, Volume II, p262 ISBN 978-0-19-928358-3
  2. ^ Nohlen, p259