Chilean presidential election, 1952
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The election was held using the absolute majority system, under which a candidate had to receive over 50% of the popular vote to be elected. If no candidate received over 50% of the vote, both house of the National Congress would come together to vote on the two candidates that received the most votes.
Pedro Enrique Alfonso
Alfonso was the candidate of the Radical Party, and was also supported by the social democratic parties. His government would have become the fourth consecutive Radical administration, since Pedro Aguirre Cerda was elected President.
Carlos Ibáñez del Campo
Former President Ibáñez was an independent Senator for Santiago, and was attempting to reach the presidency, once again, by popular vote. He had the support of minor parties, like the Socialist Popular Party and the Agrarian Labor Party, among others.
Matte was a Liberal Party Senator supported by the Liberal and Conservative parties. He was Finance Minister under the administration of Juan Antonio Ríos.
|Candidate||Party||Public vote||Congressional vote|
|Carlos Ibáñez del Campo||Independent||446,439||46.8||132||91.7|
|Arturo Matte Larraín||Liberal Party||265,357||27.8||12||8.3|
|Pedro Enrique Alfonso Barrios||Radical Party||190,360||20.0|
|Salvador Allende||Socialist Party||51,975||5.5|
|Source: Nohlen, Chilean Electoral Database|