Suseni, Harghita

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Suseni
Gyergyóújfalu
Commune
Coat of arms of Suseni
Coat of arms
Location of Suseni, Harghita
Location of Suseni, Harghita
Suseni is located in Romania
Suseni
Suseni
Location of Suseni, Harghita
Coordinates: 46°40′0″N 25°33′0″E / 46.66667°N 25.55000°E / 46.66667; 25.55000Coordinates: 46°40′0″N 25°33′0″E / 46.66667°N 25.55000°E / 46.66667; 25.55000
Country  Romania
County Harghita County
Status Commune
Government
 • Mayor Imre Kolumbán (Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania)
Area
 • Total 220.92 km2 (85.30 sq mi)
Population (2002)
 • Total 5,152
 • Density 23.32/km2 (60.4/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal Code 537305
Area code(s) +40 266
Website www.gyergyoujfalu.ro

Suseni (Hungarian: Gyergyóújfalu, Hungarian pronunciation: [ˈɟɛrɟoːuːjfɒlu]) is a commune in Harghita County, Romania. It lies in the Székely Land, an ethno-cultural region in eastern Transylvania.

Component villages[edit]

The commune is composed of five villages:

In Romanian In Hungarian
Chileni Kilyénfalva
Liban Libántelep
Senetea Szenete
Suseni Gyergyóújfalu
Valea Strâmbă Tekerőpatak

History[edit]

The villages were part of the Székely Land region of the historical Transylvania province. They belonged to Gyergyószék area until the administrative reform of Transylvania in 1876, when they fell within the Gyergyószentmiklós district of Csík County in the Kingdom of Hungary. Between 1762 and 1851, the village provided recruits for the 9th Company of the First Székely Infantry Regiment. After the Treaty of Trianon of 1920, they became part of Romania and fell within Ciuc County during the interwar period. In 1940, the second Vienna Award granted the Northern Transylvania to Hungary and the villages were held by Hungary until 1944. After Soviet occupation, the Romanian administration returned and the commune became officially part of Romania in 1947. Between 1952 and 1960, the commune fell within the Magyar Autonomous Region, between 1960 and 1968 the Mureş-Magyar Autonomous Region. In 1968, the province was abolished, and since then, the commune has been part of Harghita County.

Demographics[edit]

The commune has an absolute Székely Hungarian majority. According to the 2002 census it has a population of 5,152 of which 97.44% or 5,020 are Hungarian.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Romanian Census 2002; retrieved on July 18, 2010