The chile relleno (Spanish pronunciation: ['tʃile re'ʝeno], literally "stuffed chile"), is a dish of Mexican cuisine that originated in the city of Puebla. It consists of a stuffed, roasted, fresh poblano pepper (a mild chili pepper named after the city of Puebla), sometimes substituted with non-traditional Hatch chile, Anaheim, pasilla or even jalapeño chili pepper. In its earliest incarnations, it was described as a "green chile pepper stuffed with minced meat and coated with eggs". In current cuisine, it is typically stuffed with melted cheese, such as queso Chihuahua or queso Oaxaca or picadillo meat made of diced pork, raisins and nuts, seasoned with canella; covered in an egg batter or simply corn masa flour and fried. Although it is often served in a tomato sauce, the sauces can vary.
There are versions in Mexico using rehydrated dry chiles such as anchos or pasillas.
In the U.S. chiles rellenos are usually filled with asadero, asiago, or Monterey Jack cheese, but can also be found with cheddar, Monterrey or other cheeses. The chile is then dipped in an egg batter and either pan fried or deep fried. Variations include pecan encrusted and crab filled. Chiles rellenos are a popular cuisine in the state of New Mexico where the Hatch Chile is revered for its slender (rather than round) shape and medium to hot flavor. In the U.S., rellenos are typically served with red or green chile sauce or mole.
During Lent, Catholics avoid pork, beef and poultry on Fridays, Ash Wednesday, Holy Thursday and Good Friday, so for most Mexican Catholics, the chili may be stuffed with cheese only, tuna or separated maize grains, other seeds or sliced vegetables, or a mix of these.
See also 
- de la Cadena, Mariano Velázquez (1858). A dictionary of the Spanish and English languages. New York, New York: D. Appleton & Company. p. 96.
- "How to Make Chile Rellenos". Mexicanfood.about.com. 2012-04-10. Retrieved 2013-01-07.
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