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1776 illustration of various lamines, including the chilihueque in the top right.

Hueque or Chilihueque is a South American camelid variety or species that existed in central and south-central Chile in Pre-Hispanic and early colonial times. There are two main hypothesis on their status among South American camelids: the first one suggest that they are locally domesticated guanacos and the second that they are a variety of llamas brought from the north into south-central Chile.[1] Chilihueques went extinct in the 16th or 17th century being replaced by European livestock.[1] The causes of its extinction are unknown.[1]

According to Juan Ignacio Molina, the Dutch captain Joris van Spilbergen observed the use of chilihueques by native Mapuches of Mocha Island as plough animals in 1614.[2]


  1. ^ a b c Bonacic, Cristián (1991). Características biológicas y productivas de los camélidos sudamericanos. Avances en ciencias veterinarias. Vol. 6, No. 2.
  2. ^ The Geographical, Natural and Civil History of Chili, Pages 15 and 16, Volume II