Chillingham Castle

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Coordinates: 55°31′34″N 1°54′18″W / 55.526°N 1.905°W / 55.526; -1.905

Chillingham Castle
Chillingham Castle.jpg
The castle in 2005
Chillingham Castle is located in Northumberland
Chillingham Castle
Chillingham Castle
 Chillingham Castle shown within Northumberland
OS grid reference NU060257
List of places
UK
England
Northumberland

Chillingham Castle is a medieval castle in the village of Chillingham in the northern part of Northumberland, England. It was the seat of the Grey and Bennet families from the 15th century until the 1980s. A large enclosed park on the castle grounds is home to the Chillingham Cattle, a rare breed, consisting of about 90 head of cattle.[1] The castle is a Grade I listed building.[2]

History[edit]

The castle was originally a monastery in the late 12th century. In 1298, King Edward I stayed at the castle on his way to Scotland to battle a Scottish army led by William Wallace. A glazed window in a frame was specially installed for the king, a rarity in such buildings at the time. The Chillingham Wild Cattle occupy land adjacent to the castle, formerly owned by the Sir John Knott Trust, now owned by the Chillingham Wild Cattle Association (a charity not associated with the castle).

A 19th-century depiction of the castle

The castle occupied a strategically important location in medieval times: it was located on the border between two feuding nations. It was used as a staging post for English armies entering Scotland, but was also repeatedly attacked and besieged by Scottish armies and raiding parties heading south. The site contained a moat, and in some locations the fortifications were 12 feet thick.

The building underwent a harsh series of enhancements, and in 1344 a Licence to crenellate was issued by King Edward III to allow battlements to be built, effectively upgrading the stronghold to a fully fortified castle, of quadrangular form.

In 1617, James I, the first king of both England and Scotland, stayed at the castle on a journey between his two kingdoms. As relations between the two countries became peaceful following the union of the crowns, the need for a military stronghold in the area declined. The castle was gradually transformed; the moat was filled, and battlements were converted into residential wings. A banquet hall and a library were built.

In the 18th and 19th century the grounds underwent landscaping, including work carried out by Sir Jeffry Wyattville. The once extensive park, now under a separate ownership from the castle, is home to the famous Chillingham Wild Cattle.[3]

During the Second World War, the castle was used as an army barracks. During this time, much of the decorative wood is said to have been stripped out and burned by the soldiers billeted there. After the war, the castle began to fall into disrepair. Lead had been removed from the roof, resulting in extensive weather damage to large parts of the building. In 1982, the castle was purchased by Sir Humphry Wakefield, 2nd Baronet, whose wife Catherine is descended from the Greys of Chillingham, and Wakefield set about a painstaking restoration of the castle. Sections of the castle are open to the public, and holiday apartments are available for hire.[3]

Chillingham's ghosts[edit]

Lady Mary Berkeley, whose ghost may be heard in the castle

Its current owners market the castle as being the most haunted castle in Britain.[4][5] It has been investigated on television and radio (namely, Most Haunted,[6] I'm Famous and Frightened!, Scariest Places On Earth, Holiday Showdown, Alan Robson's Nightowls), Ghost Hunters International, and is the subject and setting of the documentary, A Blood Red Sky (2013). Some of these ghosts are written about are referred to in a 1925 pamphlet by Leonora, Countess of Tankerville. Others, such as John Sage, are of more recent invention.

The most famous ghost of the castle is the "blue (or radiant) boy", who according to the owners used to haunt the Pink Room in the castle.[7] Guests supposedly reported seeing blue flashes and a blue "halo" of light above their beds after a loud wail. It is claimed that the hauntings ceased after renovation work revealed a man and a young boy inside a 10-foot-thick wall. Documents dating back to the Spanish Armada were also found within the wall.

In Literature[edit]

In the novel The Bride of Lammermoor (1819) by Sir Walter Scott, Chillingham Castle is singled out as a last refuge for an ancient breed of Scottish cattle (the Chillingham wild cattle).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ BBC Countryfile, 1 November 2009
  2. ^ Chillingham Castle, Heritage Gateway website (Heritage Gateway (English Heritage, Institute of Historic Building Conservation and ALGAO:England)), 2006, retrieved 2010-08-06 
  3. ^ a b Duncan, Fiona (2005-12-07). "Britain: As if to the manor born (part 2)". The Daily Telegraph. 
  4. ^ Chillingham Castle
  5. ^ The ghosts of a chance - Telegraph
  6. ^ Castle's ghostly reputation leads to expansion plans - Local Headlines - Berwick Advertiser
  7. ^ Northumberland: Castle's knight in shining armour - Telegraph

External links[edit]