Chiloglottis

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Chiloglottis
Chiloglottis diphylla (Illustrationes Florae Novae Hollandiae plate 8).jpg
Chiloglottis reflexa
1810 illustration
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Orchidoideae
Tribe: Diurideae
Subtribe: Drakaeinae
Genus: Chiloglottis
R.Br., 1810
Type species
Chiloglottis diphylla
R.Br.
Synonyms[1]
  • Simpliglottis Szlach.
  • × Chilosimpliglottis Jeanes
  • Myrmechila D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem.

Chiloglottis is a small genus in the orchid family Orchidaceae.

The botanical name of the genus is derived from Greek words, referring to the tongue-shaped lip. The type species is Chiloglottis diphylla R.Br..[2]

This genus of deciduous, terrestrial orchids is indigenous to Australia and New Zealand (including Chatham Island and the Antipodes).[1]

The species have 1 to 4 paired oblong-lanceolate, glabrous leaves (usually two) and subterranean tuberoids. The flowers have 4 pollina. The short peduncle elongates after fertilisation of the flower. The flower is insect-pollinated by sexual deception (pseudocopulation) of specific wasps. The lip has raised calli, whose structures mimic the flightless female of the wasp pollinator.

List of species[edit]

Green Bird Orchid (Chiloglottis cornuta)
  1. Chiloglottis anaticeps D.L.Jones, Austral. Orchid Res. 2: 37 (1991).
  2. Chiloglottis chlorantha D.L.Jones, Austral. Orchid Res. 2: 37 (1991).
  3. Chiloglottis cornuta Hook.f., Fl. Antarct.: 69 (1844).
  4. Chiloglottis diphylla R.Br., Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holl.: 323 (1810).
  5. Chiloglottis formicifera Fitzg., Austral. Orch. 1(3): t. 9 (1877).
  6. Chiloglottis grammata G.W.Carr, Indig. Fl. Fauna Assoc. Misc. Pap. 1: 20 (1991).
  7. Chiloglottis gunnii Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl.: 387 (1840).
  8. Chiloglottis jeanesii D.L.Jones, Muelleria 10: 64 (1997).
  9. Chiloglottis longiclavata D.L.Jones, Austral. Orchid Res. 2: 38 (1991).
  10. Chiloglottis palachila D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem., Austral. Orchid Res. 2: 39 (1991).
  11. Chiloglottis × pescottiana R.S.Rogers, Proc. Roy. Soc. Victoria, n.s., 30: 139 (1918).
  12. Chiloglottis platyptera D.L.Jones, Austral. Orchid Res. 2: 39 (1991).
  13. Chiloglottis pluricallata D.L.Jones, Austral. Orchid Res. 2: 40 (1991).
  14. Chiloglottis reflexa (Labill.) Druce, Rep. Bot. Exch. Club Brit. Isles 1916: 614 (1917).
  15. Chiloglottis seminuda D.L.Jones, Austral. Orchid Res. 2: 41 (1991).
  16. Chiloglottis sphaerula D.L.Jones, Austral. Orchid Res. 5: 73 (2006).
  17. Chiloglottis sphyrnoides D.L.Jones, Austral. Orchid Res. 2: 41 (1991).
  18. Chiloglottis sylvestris D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem., Proc. Roy. Soc. Queensland 98: 123 (1987).
  19. Chiloglottis trapeziformis Fitzg., Austral. Orch. 1(3): t. 9 (1877).
  20. Chiloglottis triceratops D.L.Jones, Austral. Orchid Res. 3: 66 (1998).
  21. Chiloglottis trullata D.L.Jones, Austral. Orchid Res. 2: 42 (1991).
  22. Chiloglottis truncata D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem., Proc. Roy. Soc. Queensland 98: 124 (1987).
  23. Chiloglottis turfosa D.L.Jones, Austral. Orchid Res. 2: 43 (1991).
  24. Chiloglottis valida D.L.Jones, Austral. Orchid Res. 2: 43 (1991).

Intergeneric hybrid: Chiloglottis × pescottiana R.S.Rogers, (1918).: (Chiloglottis valida x Myrmechila trapeziformis) : Alpine Bird Orchid (SE Australia)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  2. ^ Prodromus Florae Novae Hollandiae et Insulae Van Diemen: 323 (1810), that has now become a synonym of Chiloglottis reflexa [LaBill.] Druce 1917
  • Peakall, R., Bower, C. C., Logan, A. E., and Nicol H. I. (1997). "Confirmation of the hybrid origin of Chiloglottis X pescottiana R. S. Rogers (Orchidaceae: Diurideae). 1. Genetic and morphometric analysis.". Australian Journal of Botany 45 (5): 839–855. doi:10.1071/BT96081. 
  • Jones, D.L. (1998). "A taxonomic review of Chiloglottis in Tasmania.". Australian Orchid Research 3 (62). 
  • Jones, D.L., Clements, M.A., Sharma, I.K. , Mackenzie, A.M. & Molloy, B. (2002). "Nomenclatural notes arising from studies into the Tribe Diurideae (Orchidaceae).". The Orchadian 13 (10): 459. 
  • Jones, D.L. & Clements, M.A. (2005). "Miscellaneous nomenclature notes and changes in Australian, New Guinea and New Zealand Orchidaceae.". The Orchadian 15 (1): 37.