Chilton County, Alabama

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Chilton County, Alabama
Chilton County Courthouse.jpg
Chilton County Courthouse in Clanton, Alabama
Map of Alabama highlighting Chilton County
Location in the state of Alabama
Map of the United States highlighting Alabama
Alabama's location in the U.S.
Founded December 30, 1868
Seat Clanton
Largest city Calera
Area
 • Total 700.76 sq mi (1,815 km2)
 • Land 693.98 sq mi (1,797 km2)
 • Water 6.78 sq mi (18 km2), (0.97%)
Population
 • (2010) 43,643
 • Density 63/sq mi (24/km²)
Congressional district 6th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.chiltoncounty.org

Chilton County is a county of the U.S. state of Alabama. Its name is in honor of William Parish Chilton, Sr. (1810–1871), a lawyer who became Chief Justice of the Alabama Supreme Court and later represented Montgomery County in the Congress of the Confederate States of America. On February 4, 1861, Chilton gaveled the Confederacy into existence, as acting leader of the Provisional Congress. In 1942, the U.S. Navy commissioned a new vessel, the USS Chilton, in honor of Chilton County. As of the 2010 census, the population was 43,643.[1] The county seat is Clanton and it is a prohibition, or dry county.

The center of population of Alabama is located in Chilton County, outside of the town of Jemison, an area known as Jemison Division.[2]

The county is known for its peaches and its unique landscape. It is home to swamps, prairies and mountains due to the foothills of the Appalachians which end in the county, the Coosa River basin, and its proximity to the Black Belt Prairie.

History[edit]

Baker County was established on December 30, 1868, named for Alfred Baker, with its county seat at Grantville. Residents of the county petitioned the Alabama legislature for the renaming of their county, it was not something forced upon them. On December 17, 1874, the petitioners accepted the suggestion of Chilton County, even though the Chief Justice had not lived within its boundaries.[3] It is not known when the county seat was moved.

Geography[edit]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 700.76 square miles (1,815.0 km2), of which 693.98 square miles (1,797.4 km2) (or 99.03%) is land and 6.78 square miles (17.6 km2) (or 0.97%) is water.[4]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 6,194
1880 10,793 74.2%
1890 14,549 34.8%
1900 16,522 13.6%
1910 23,187 40.3%
1920 22,770 −1.8%
1930 24,579 7.9%
1940 27,955 13.7%
1950 26,922 −3.7%
1960 25,693 −4.6%
1970 25,180 −2.0%
1980 30,612 21.6%
1990 32,458 6.0%
2000 39,593 22.0%
2010 43,643 10.2%
Est. 2012 43,819 0.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
2012 Estimate[6]

2010[edit]

Whereas according to the 2010 United States Census Bureau:

2000[edit]

At the 2000 census[7], there were 39,593 people, 15,287 households and 11,342 families residing in the county. The population density was 57 per square mile (22/km2). There were 17,651 housing units at an average density of 25 per square mile (10/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 86.71% White, 10.61% Black or African American, 0.28% Native American, 0.18% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.51% from other races, and 0.69% from two or more races. Nearly 2.91% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 15,287 households of which 34.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.10% were married couples living together, 10.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.80% were non-families. Nearly 22.90% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57, and the average family size was 3.00.

25.70% of the population were under the age of 18, 9.10% from 18 to 24, 29.00% from 25 to 44, 23.40% from 45 to 64, and 12.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 97.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.90 males.

The median household income was $32,588 and the median family income was $39,505. Males had a median income of $31,006 versus $21,275 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,303. About 12.60% of families and 15.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.40% of those under age 18 and 18.20% of those age 65 or over.

Settlements[edit]

Cities[edit]

  • Calera Some addresses in the north part of the county are Calera but the town of Calera resides in Shelby County.
  • Clanton
  • Jemison

Towns[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Historic sites[edit]

Chilton County has three sites listed on the National Register of Historic Places: Gragg Field Historic District, Verbena, and the Walker-Klinner Farm.[8] It has thirteen properties listed on the Alabama Register of Landmarks and Heritage.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ United States Census Bureau. "2010 Census Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 6 June 2012. 
  2. ^ http://www.census.gov/geo/www/cenpop/statecenters.txt
  3. ^ "Central Alabama Genealogy". Retrieved 2012-04-30. 
  4. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved June 30, 2013. 
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved June 30, 2013. 
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  8. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010. 
  9. ^ "The Alabama Register of Landmarks & Heritage". preserveala.org. Alabama Historical Commission. September 17, 2012. Archived from the original on April 28, 2013. Retrieved April 15, 2013. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 32°50′43″N 86°42′52″W / 32.84528°N 86.71444°W / 32.84528; -86.71444