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Chimanimani is located in Zimbabwe
Location of Chimanimani in Zimbabwe
Coordinates: 19°48′00″S 32°51′36″E / 19.80000°S 32.86000°E / -19.80000; 32.86000Coordinates: 19°48′00″S 32°51′36″E / 19.80000°S 32.86000°E / -19.80000; 32.86000
Country Zimbabwe
Melsetter 1892
Chimanimani 1982
Elevation 1,470 m (4,820 ft)
Population (2012 Estimate)
 • Total 2,752
Time zone CAT (UTC+2)
Website Homepage
Dialling code: 4
(04 from within Zimbabwe)

Chimanimani is a town in Zimbabwe.


It is located in Chimanimani District, Manicaland Province, in southeastern Zimbabwe, close to the border with Mozambique. The town lies approximately 120 kilometres (75 mi), by road, south of Mutare, the location of the provincial headquarters.[1] Its location lies approximately 365 kilometres (227 mi), by road, southeast of Harare, the capital of Zimbabwe and the largest city in that country.[2] The coordinates of the town of Chimanimani are:19° 48' 0.00"S, 32° 51' 36.00"E (Latitude:19.8000; Longitude:32.8600). Chipinge is another town located about 60 km south west of Chimanimani town. Chimanimani is the home of Charter border Timbers, Chizengo border timbers. There are macademia plantations in Chimanimani near Rusitu valley. Risitu valley is rich in fresh fruits like oranges, bananas, pineapples, avocados, guavas, but poor roads made the valley lagging behind. Rusitu valley is located 40 km south east of chimanimani town. If the valley has well developed roads it can supply the whole manicaland with fresh fruits. although dr Samuel Undenge is the member of parliament coming from this valley he did little to develop the valley and chimanimani east as a whole. west of the chimanimani east lies vast of diamonds fields. the Anjin diamond company is located at Hot Springs resort. The Anjin did nothing to develop surrounding areas like Nenohwe, Nyanyadzi, Chayamiti, Shinja, Mhakwe, Nhedziwa. Chimanimani west is under region 4, and it receive little rainfalls made it a hunger home grounds. Munacho Mutezo the member of the parliament to the west did little effort to develop the west district at the moment. Currently, people at Shinja valley pay 5 dollars to the rural electrification so that electricity will be installed at Shinja clinic, Chinotumenyere Secondary and Shinja business centre. It seems the locals are spearheading the project and the Chimanimani district council is nowhere to be found.

Despite the recent influx of Russian gem seekers, in late 2013 Chimanimani was said to have "virtually collapsed" and turned into a ghost town. Unemployment has recently peaked at unprecedented levels and tourism all but dissipated. So many shops have closed that residents are now commuting to Mutare for basic necessities.[3]


Chimanimani was founded by the brothers Thomas Moodie and Dunbar Moodie in 1892. In 1895 it was moved to its current site and was officially called Melsetter after Moodie's family home in Orkney in Scotland. Following Zimbabwe's independence in 1980, the name of the town was changed to Mandidzudzure, in 1982. However, after consultation with the indigenous population, the name was changed to Chimanimani. An African music and arts festival, known as the Chimanimani Arts Festival is organised each year. The dates for the next Festival can be sourced through the recently resurrected Chimanimani Tourist Association.

Chimanimani is divided into 23 wards. Chimanimani west has 11 wards and its east counterpart has 12 wards. MAJOR places in chimanimani are Nyanyadzi, Gudyanga, Shinja, Mhakwe, Bechnough Bridge, Nhedziwa, Mutambara, Chikukwa, Chikwakwa, sky line, Outward bound, Copper, Ndima, Mutswangwa, Vhimba wilderness, Hode. Prominent people come from chimanimani include, Samuel Undenge, Munacho Mutezo, Arthur Mutambara, and Dr. Tafataona Mahoso.


The 1982 national census estimated the population of the town at 1,370. In 2004, the population of Chimanimani was estimated at 2,752.[4] The next national population census in Zimbabwe is scheduled from 18 August 2012 through 28 August 2012.[5] most of the inhabitants of Chimanimani are of Ndau origin. Ndau language is mostly spoken by the people at Chimanimani village, Rusitu valley. People dwelling on Biriri, Mhakwe, Shinja, Chayamiti, Nyanyadzi use a mixed language but closely related to Manyika dialects. The people dwelling under Chief Mutambara land commonly call themselves Vagarwe. They use indirect words to communicate commonly known as Chibende by the locals. Chimanimani district and Chipinge is commonly known as the Gazaland. The Ndau people living in these two provinces describe themselves as VaGaza. The current population of the area is not known but the population is above 35,000.

There are several primary and secondary schools in the district. The most common secondary schools are Nyanyadzi high, Gudyanga Secondary, Hot Springs, Chakohwa, Mhandarume, Nhedziwa, Bumba, Gonzoni, Chayamiti, Chinotumenyere, Mhakwe, Chikwakwa, Nyahode, Ndima, Chimanimani, Chikukwa, Mutswangwa, Makumbura, and Tiya secondary. The district has 6 boarding schools which are Rusitu, St Charles Ruwang'a, Lydia Chimonyo, Mutambara and St Patricks Nyanyadzi. These boarding schools compete with other A class of the province.


Excellent hikes lie within the Chimanimani National Park. It costs approximately $8/day for foreigners (2013), and you will have the park nearly to yourself, as most people exclude this area from their tourist route. It is recommended that you hire a local guide, as the paths can get a little confusing, and sometimes finding the keys to the guesthouses can be difficult. They know all the ins and outs. One of the best guides in all of Africa is a local man named Morgan. If you ask the locals about him, they will be able to put you in touch. He will give you a very affordable rate, below $10/day. He is extremely knowledgeable on the trails, has excellent stories from the area, and speaks perfect English.

Points of interest[edit]

The following points of interest lie in or near Chimanimani:

  • The headquarters of Chimanimani Town Council
  • The headquarters of Chimanimani District Administration
  • The entrance to Chimanimani National Park
  • Chimanimani Police Station
  • A branch of Agricultural Development Bank of Zimbabwe (Agribank)
  • A branch of Metropolitan Bank of Zimbabwe
  • A branch of CBZ Bank Limited
  • Chimanimani Eland Sanctuary
  • Chimanimani Country Club
  • Tsuro center in nyanyadzi (Rufaro).
  • Anjini diamond mining at hot springs
  • Vimba Wilderness.
  • Nyanyadzi and Cashel valley Police Station.
  • Nhedziwa business Center
  • Pera falls on Chipita river in Rusitu valley
  • Maungwe falls on Nyanyadzi river in Shinja valley
  • Harone falls in haroni
  • Chimanimani mountains
  • Skyline view meandering roads for several kilometers, about 13 kilometers meandering road on the mountain
  • Biriri valley

External links[edit]

See also[edit]