Tubular bells

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For the Mike Oldfield album, see Tubular Bells.
"Chimes" redirects here. For other uses and particularly for similarly named instruments, see Chime. For the Charles Dickens novel, see The Chimes. For other topics named "The Chimes", see The Chimes (disambiguation).
Tubular bells
Yamaha Deagan chimes (from LA Percussion Rentals).jpg
Chimes/Tubular Bells (by Yamaha)
Other names Chimes
Classification idiophone
Hornbostel–Sachs classification 111.232
(Sets of percussion tubes)
Playing range
C4-F5 standard; extended range can include C4-G5, bass F3-B3, but can vary
Builders
Deagan, Adams, Yamaha, Jenco, Premier Percussion
Adams Bass Chimes, range F3-B3

Tubular bells (also known as chimes) are musical instruments in the percussion family. Each bell is a metal tube, 30–38 mm (1¼–1½ inches) in diameter, tuned by altering its length. Its standard range is from C4-F5, though many professional instruments reach G5 (see photo). Tubular bells are often replaced by studio chimes, which are a smaller and usually less expensive instrument. Studio chimes are similar in appearance to tubular bells, but each bell has a smaller diameter than the corresponding bell on tubular bells.

Chimes/Tubular bells

Tubular bells are sometimes struck on the top edge of the tube with a rawhide- or plastic-headed hammer. Often, a sustain pedal will be attached to allow extended ringing of the bells. They can also be bowed at the bottom of the tube to produce a very loud, very high-pitched overtone.

The tubes used provide a purer tone than solid cylindrical chimes, such as those on a mark tree.

Chimes are often used in concert band pieces (e.g. "Eiger" by James Swearingen[citation needed]). Most composers write Chimes under the category of Percussion > Mallet Percussion. It rarely plays melody, mostly a bass that brings out some color but sometimes has some solos or solis, often very simple.About this sound Play 

In tubular bells, modes 4, 5, and 6 appear to determine the strike tone and have frequencies in the ratios 92:112:132, or 81:121:169, "which are close enough to the ratios 2:3:4 for the ear to consider them nearly harmonic and to use them as a basis for establishing a virtual pitch."[1] The perceived "strike pitch" is thus an octave below the fourth mode (i.e., the missing "1" in the above series.)

In popular music[edit]

Multi-instrumentalist, Mike Oldfield has used tubular bells on many of his studio albums, most notably Tubular Bells (1973), Tubular Bells II (1992) & Tubular Bells III (1998). He has also used them on other albums such as Hergest Ridge (1974), Ommadawn (1975) and Crises (1983).

Pink Floyd used tubular bells on The Dark Side of the Moon (1973) on the song "Brain Damage" but are rendered almost inaudible on the original stereo mix and quadrophonic mix. The band's drummer, Nick Mason pointed out that he had forgotten that they were on there until he heard them in the 5.1 surround mix for the 2003 SACD 30th anniversary edition of the album, which has since been released on DVD and BD.

The Flaming Lips' 2002 track "Do You Realize??" features tubular bells.

The animated television series Futurama's theme is played on tubular bells.[citation needed]

The "funding for this program provided by ..." rider that followed the end credits of the children's television show Sesame Street also prominently featured tubular bells in the 1980s.[citation needed]

The Smashing Pumpkins' 1994 recording "Disarm" uses tubular bells to create a haunting mood.[citation needed]

Tracey Ullman's 1983 cover of Kirsty MacColl's "They Don't Know" features tubular bells in a celebratory manner, reminiscent of wedding bells.

Rush's Neil Peart used tubular bells during several recording sessions. Specifically while recording "The Trees" "Xanadu" and "Closer to the Heart." He also used them on concert tours. They are used on the Exit...Stage Left concert DVD and CD. He has since replaced the tubular bells with a MIDI controlled marimba device, which, thanks to digital sampling, provides more versatility and is less cumbersome than tubular bells.

As church bells[edit]

An example of tubular bells used as church bells is St. Alban's Anglican Church in Copenhagen, Denmark.[2] These were donated by HRH Prince Charles, Prince of Wales.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rossing, Thomas D. (2000). Science of Percussion Instruments, p.68. ISBN 978-981-02-4158-2.
  2. ^ "About the Church Building". St. Alban's Church. Retrieved 21 September 2013. 

External links[edit]