Chimire, Venezuela

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Chimire, Venezuela, often referred to as the Chimire cliffs, (Spanish: Farallones de Chimire) is a semi-mountainous cliff landscape in Mesa de Guanipa, Anzoategui, Venezuela, located a few kilometres from the town of El Tigre ("the tiger"), in the municipality of Freites. Chimire is located on a road that leads to Puerto La Cruz, Venezuela. The cliffs are currently being used as a tourist destination for the area.

La Mesa de Guanipa, due to its abundance of natural resources, nutrient-rich soil, geographical position near the sea and easy accessibility by road, air and river, is considered to be a centre of wealth. The area of the Farallones de Chimire contains the iconic Cerro Negro de Kariñas, the location of the indigenous people in the Anzoategui State. An estimated 2,000 people reside in this region. Both the vegetation and wildlife are abundant in number and species. Cities, towns and places near Chimire include Las Guacharacas, Astrologia, Parmanita and El Almacen. The closest major cities include Ciudad Bolivar, Barcelona, Santa Teresa and Petare.[1]

Coordinates[edit]

  • Geographical coordinates
  • Latitude: 8.377
  • Longitude: -63.812[2]
  • Geographical coordinates
  • Latitude: 8 22' 36
  • Longitude: -63 48' 42
  • Elevation above sea level is 206 m.
  • Geographical coordinates
  • Latitude: 8.377
  • Longitude: -63.812
  • Geographical coordinates
  • Latitude: 8 22' 36
  • Longitude: -63 48' 42
  • Elevation of 206 m. above sea level[3]

The Chimire Cliffs[edit]

The area's mountains are 30 metres tall and are easy to spot, due to the reddish color of their cracked and eroded clay walls. The Socony-Vacuum Oil Company of Venezuela discovered this field in January, 1948.[4] Many tourists, geologists and other scientific researchers visit the area, interested in the unique soil and geographical formations. Cracked walls and slopes ranging from 20% to 90%[5] characterize the region. Chimire is about 2,000 acres, with cliffs formed by the erosive power of the constant rain in the area. Some cliffs can measure up to 30 meters of depth.[6] The formations are a sandy base of multiple shades of yellow and red, a single reddish color layer and other crushed sediment, forming distinct bands in vibrant shades. The unbound winds and constant rain continue to sculpt the clay towers.

Origin and geology[edit]

Alexander von Humboldt speculated that the sea platform covered the land of Venezuela to Paraguay during the lower and upper Cretaceous periods. The existence of shell in the area is considered proof of this theory. The geographer Paul Kamen Key Vila's thesis was that there was a river in north-central Venezuela during the Cretaceous periods, "a type of primary Orinoco," one of the main rivers in Venezuela. Chimire field consists of coarse sands, gravels and hard clay, varying from red to almost orange conglomerate, yellowish-white, reds and purples and also contains discontinuous lenses of fine sandy clay and silt lenses.

Extreme sports[edit]

Motocross[edit]

Chimire has been a home of Motocross since 2013. The clay sediment prevents the bikes from slipping while practicing on these routes.[7]

Fun Race 4x4[edit]

Fun Race 4x4 is an event that was born seven years ago in Venezuela. More than 20 editions have allowed its participants to travel a total of 18 states and 450 urban settlements between towns and villages with their 4x4 vehicles, providing them a huge muddying experience. One of these locations is Chimire, whose roads are open to the passage of the boldest, seeking the thrill of going up and down these cliffs and sometimes even getting stuck in the clay sediments softened by a rainy day.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Where is Chimire". GoMapper. Retrieved 29 May 2014. 
  2. ^ "Farallones, Venezuela Coordinates". Retrieved 12 June 2013. 
  3. ^ "Chimire Anzoategui Venezuela". Tageo Coordinates. Retrieved 12 June 2013. 
  4. ^ Moore, E. L (May 1953). "Chimire Field, Venezuela". AAPG 36 (5): 877–886. 
  5. ^ (Spanish) Gil, Gliceria (10 July 2012). "Los Farallones de Chimire". Nueva Prensa de Oriente. Retrieved 8 June 2013. 
  6. ^ (Spanish) Kline, Elizabeth (9 August 2012). "El Tigre-San Tome". El Universal. Retrieved 8 June 2013. 
  7. ^ (Spanish) "Federacion Motociclista Venezuela". FMV. Retrieved 4 June 2013. 
  8. ^ (Spanish) Amado, Martin. "Fun Race 4x4". Caminos de Venezuela. Retrieved 3 June 2013.