Chimonanthus praecox

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Chimonanthus praecox
Frutti Chimonanthus praecox.jpg
蜡梅 or Japanese allspice
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Magnoliids
Order: Laurales
Family: Calycanthaceae
Genus: Chimonanthus
Species: C. praecox
Binomial name
Chimonanthus praecox
(L.) Link (1822)
Synonyms

Chimonanthus fragrans Lindl.
Chimonanthus parviflorus Raf.
Chimonanthus yunnanensis W.W. Sm.
Butneria praecox (L.) C.K. Schneid.
Chimonanthus praecox L.
Meratia praecox (L.) Rehder & E.H. Wilson
Sources: IPNI,[1] CPN[2] MBG[3]

Chimonanthus praecox, also known as wintersweet or Japanese allspice, is a species of flowering plant in the genus Chimonanthus of the family Calycanthaceae, native to China.

It is a vigorous deciduous shrub growing to 4 m (13 ft) tall with an erect trunk and leaves 5–29 cm (2–11 in) long and 2–12 cm (1–5 in) broad. Its strongly scented pendent flowers, produced in winter on bare stems, have 15-21 yellow tepals, the inner ones usually with purplish red pigments.[4][5][6]

This plant is cultivated in gardens, producing valued flower colour in the dormant season. The varieties C. praecox 'Grandiflorus'[7] and C. praecox 'Luteus'[8] have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.

References[edit]

  1. ^ International Organization for Plant Information (IOPI). "Plant Name Search Results" (HTML). International Plant Names Index. Retrieved 2008-06-02. 
  2. ^ "Chinese Plant Names". Retrieved 2008-06-02. 
  3. ^ "Chimonanthus praecox L.". Tropicos. Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved 2008-06-02. 
  4. ^ "eFloras - Flora of China - Chimonanthus praecox". Retrieved 5 July 2013. 
  5. ^ Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN) (1995-07-05). "Taxon: Chimonanthus praecox (L.) Link". Taxonomy for Plants. USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program, National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. Retrieved 2008-06-02. 
  6. ^ RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 1405332964. 
  7. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Chimonanthus praecox 'Grandiflorus'". Retrieved 5 July 2013. 
  8. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Chimonanthus praecox 'Luteus'". Retrieved 5 July 2013. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Chimonanthus praecox at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Chimonanthus praecox at Wikispecies