Chin Woo Athletic Association
(Love One's Country, Cultivate One's Character, Righteousness, Helping Others)
|Formation||July 7, 1910|
|Headquarters||Number 30, Lane 1702, North Sichuan Road, Hongkou District, Shanghai|
Vice Secretary General
Vice Secretary General
Jing Wu is an international martial arts organisation founded in Shanghai, China, on July 7, 1910, but some sources cite dates in 1909. Its name is also spelled in many other ways throughout the world - Ching Mo, Chin Woo, Ching Mou, Ching Wu, Jing Mo, Jing Wo, Jing Wu - but all of them are based on the same two Chinese characters - jing wu (Chinese: 精武; pinyin: Jīng Wǔ; Wade–Giles: Ching Wu; Jyutping: Zing1 Mou5). It has at least 59 branches based in 22 or more countries worldwide, where it is usually known as an "athletic association" or "federation".
Jing Wu was founded as the Jing Wu Athletic Association (simplified Chinese: 精武体育会; traditional Chinese: 精武體育會; pinyin: Jīngwǔ Tǐyùhuì) in Shanghai, China in the early 20th century. Many sources, including the official websites of its branches in various countries, claim that Jing Wu was founded by the martial artist Huo Yuanjia, who died not long after its establishment. Jing Wu was actually founded by a committee of persons, including members of the Tongmenghui, such as Chen Qimei, Nong Zhu, and Chen Tiesheng. Due to Huo's popularity and recent death, the committee had decided that he should be the "face" of Jing Wu, resulting in his strong association with it.
After Jing Wu was founded, a number of prominent martial artists in China at that time were invited to teach there. They include: Chen Zizheng (陳子正), Eagle Claw master; Luo Guangyu (羅光玉), Seven Star Praying Mantis master; Geng Jishan (耿繼善), Xingyi master; Wu Jianquan, founder of Wu-style taijiquan, ; and Zhao Lianhe (趙連和), a master of the Northern Shaolin, became Chief Instructor after Huo Yuanjia's death.
As one of the first public martial arts institutes in China, Jing Wu was intended to create a structured environment for teaching and learning martial arts as opposed to the secretive training that had been common in the past. The founders of Jing Wu felt that the association would keep alive traditions that secrecy and social change would otherwise doom. The basic curriculum drew from several styles of martial arts, giving practitioners a well-rounded martial background in addition to whatever they wished to specialise in. Jing Wu inspired the ecumenism seen in the Chinese martial arts community during the Republican era, giving rise to such efforts as the National Martial Arts Institutes. Sun Yat-sen, founder of the Republic of China, attended the third annual event held by Jing Wu in 1915, giving a speech of encouragement to the attendees. When Sun Yat-sen attended again at the 10th annual event in 1920, he also wrote for a special Jing Wu newsletter and made a plaque with the engraving "martial spirit".
During the early days of Jing Wu in Shanghai, the chief instructor, Zhao Lianhe, developed a curriculum that became the standard Jing Wu sets (Fundamental Routines).
- Shi Er Lu Tan Tui (十二路潭腿; Twelve Rows of Spring Leg)
- Gong Li Quan (功力拳; Power Fist)
- Jie Quan (节拳; Connecting Fist)
- Da Zhan Quan (大战拳; Big Battle Fist)
- Qun Yang Gun (群羊棍; Shepherd Staff)
- Ba Gua Dao (八卦刀; Eight Diagram Broadsword)
- Wu Hu Qiang (五虎枪; Five Tiger Spear)
- Jie Tan Tui (接潭腿; Tan Tui Sparring)
- Tao Quan (套拳; Set Fist)
- Dan Dao Chuan Qiang (单刀串枪; Broadsword versus Spear)
Other styles were taught to students as well, but they varied from school to school and depended on the background of the master teaching that style. The standard curriculum, however, was taught in all Jing Wu schools.
Jing Wu in popular culture
- Kennedy and Guo (2010). Jingwu. Blue Snake Books. p. 2. ISBN 978-1-58394-242-0.
- "Martial Arts of the Jingwu". Kung Fu Magazine. Retrieved 2010-10-14.
- chinwoo.org.cn. Jing Wu history summary. (Chinese)
- Morris, Adam (2004). Marrow of the Nation: A History of Sport and Physical Culture in Republican China. The University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-24084-7.
- Kennedy, Brian; Elizabeth Guo (2005). Chinese Martial Arts Training Manuals: A Historical Survey. Berkeley, California: North AtlanticBooks. ISBN 1-55643-557-6.
- Yandle, Robert (2010) 'Jingwu Athletic Association - 100 Years'. Beckett Media. Dallas, Texas (ISBN 978-189251535-3)
- World Jing Wu Federation
- Locations of Jing Wu Sports Federations all over the world with contact details
- Malaysia Jing Wu Athletic Association Selangor and Kuala Lumpur
- Western Australia Chin Woo Athletic Association
- Chin Woo Athletic Association of New Zealand
- Chin Woo Italia
- Shanghai Chin Woo Athletic Association (Chinese)
- Chin Woo History
- German Chin Woo Athletic Association
- Italian Chin Woo Athletic Association
- Ching Wu Athletic Association (Winnipeg, Canada)
- Chin Woo Portugal Association (Lisbon, Portugal)
- Cloud Forest Chin Woo Martial Arts Association (NC, U.S.A.)
- Western Canada Kootenay Chin Woo (Creston, BC, Canada)