The diplomatic relations between People's Republic of China and Poland began on October 5, 1949. Diplomatic missions were established shortly after on October 7, 1949. Poland was part of the Soviet bloc and had friendly relations with China and cooperated in international issues such as the Korean war.
During the 1950s due to the Sino-Soviet split, relations between the two countries degraded. But Poland did support the People's Republic of China's case for the United Nations permanent seat to return to the mainland government.
Zhou Enlai the premier in the 1950s made two state visits to Poland. Leaders from Poland such as Boleslaw Bierut, Edward Ochab and Jozef Cyrankiewicz had visited China at various times during this period.
Poland underwent political and social change when the Soviet bloc collapsed in the late 1980s and Poland became a new post-communist country. The relationship between the two countries remain steadfast as Poland became more of a western liberal democracy with a capitalist market and China embarking on Deng Xiaoping's economic reforms.
During the 1950s to 1990s, the two countries conducted economic activities using accounts on government agreements. The annual trade value nearly US$1 billion in 1986 between the two communist states.
In the 1990s, agreement on trade payments in convertible foreign exchanges were signed. Trade dipped in 1990 from US$0.322 billion to US$0.144 billion in 1991. It was until 1992 bilateral trade began to increase again.
Bilateral trade increased over the successful years. By 2001, the trade between the two countries were valued at US $1.242 billion, up 29.5% than in 2000.
Sino-Polish economic relations revolves around areas such as environmental protection, finance, agricultural technology, copper industry and coal mining. This also includes new areas like high technology, clean energy, labour, service and infrastructure.
- Chinese President Hu Jintao Meets with Polish Prime Minister Donald Tusk