China, Kagoshima

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China
知名町
Town
Yakomo Beach
Yakomo Beach
Flag of China
Flag
Official seal of China
Seal
Location of China in Kagoshima Prefecture
Location of China in Kagoshima Prefecture
China is located in Japan
China
China
 
Coordinates: 27°21′0″N 128°34′0″E / 27.35000°N 128.56667°E / 27.35000; 128.56667Coordinates: 27°21′0″N 128°34′0″E / 27.35000°N 128.56667°E / 27.35000; 128.56667
Country Japan
Region Kyushu (Amami Islands)
Prefecture Kagoshima Prefecture
District Ōshima
Government
 • -Mayor Masamori Hirayasu
Area
 • Total 53.29 km2 (20.58 sq mi)
Population (June 1, 2013)
 • Total 6,506
 • Density 122/km2 (320/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
- Tree Banyan
-Flower Hibiscus
Phone number 0997-93-3111
Address 307, China, China-chō, Ōshima-gun, Kagoshima-ken 891-9295
Website www.town.china.kagoshima.jp

China (知名町 China-chō?, IPA: [tɕina]) is a town located on Okinoerabujima, in Ōshima District, Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan.

As of June 2013, the town has an estimated population of 6,506 and a population density of 122 persons per km². The total area is 53.29  km².[1][2]


Geography[edit]

China is located on the southern end of Okinoerabujima.[2] The town's one kilometre-long Yakomo Beach is about five minutes from the harbor by bus.[3] NHK describes it as one of the most beautiful beaches on the island.[4] Other natural seaside attractions include Ushishi Beach (ウシシ海岸) and Tamina Cape (田皆岬).[1]

Another tourist attraction in the town is the 3,500-meter long Shōryū Caves (昇竜洞). They were discovered in 1963 and partially opened to the public that same year.[5]


Climate[edit]

The climate is classified as humid subtropical (Köppen climate classification Cfa) with very warm summers and mild winters. Precipitation is high throughout the year, but is highest in the months of May, June and September. The area is subject to frequent typhoons.

Surrounding municipalities[edit]

History[edit]

China Village was founded in 1888. As with all of Okinoerabujima, the village came under the administration of the United States from 1 July 1946 to 25 December 1953. It was promoted from village to town status in 1946.[6]

Economy[edit]

Sugar cane, sweet potato, and peanut farming are popular. Floriculture is also practiced. A total of 1,958 hectares of land are under cultivation in the town.[7] However, due to the lack of local jobs, there has been an outflow of residents.[1]

Transportation[edit]

China is located on Kagoshima Prefectural Route 84. The only airport serving the area, the Okinoerabu Airport, is about 80 minutes away in neighboring Wadomari. There also is a ferry to the prefectural capital Kagoshima from China Port.[2] It takes between 17 and 18 hours.[1]

Education[edit]

Education in China is controlled by the five members of the Education Committee, whose members serve four year terms. As of 2008, the members of the committee are Kasuga Tetsuyū, Nakada Akimi, Akita Yoshihiro, Miyayama Kazuo, and Ooyama Osamu.[8] The town has five kindergartens, five primary schools, two middle schools, and one senior high school.[1] The high school, Okinoerabu High School, was formed in 1949 through the merger of China High School and Wadomari High School; it maintains campuses in both towns.[9]

List of schools in China[10]
Name Number of students
Kindergartens
China Kindergarten 39
Sumiyoshi Kindergarten 13
Tamina Kindergarten 9
Kamishiro Kindergarten 0 (classes suspended)
Shimohirakawa Kindergarten 25
Primary schools
China Primary School 222
Sumiyoshi Primary School 53
Tamina Primary School 35
Kamishiro Primary School 23
Shimohirakawa Primary School 109
Middle schools
China Middle School 129
Tamina Middle School 65
High schools
Okinoerabu High School[11] 337[12]

There is also a municipal library.[13]

Public Facilities[edit]

There are two medical clinics, four dental clinics, and one hospital in the town. There are also two nursing homes.[1]

The Ōyama Japan Self-Defense Forces base is located about 10 minutes from the center of town by bus, near the Ōyama Camping Grounds.[14]

Culture[edit]

China has a distinctive form of lion dance, believed to have been transmitted from Okinawa in the 18th century.[15] Another local traditional dance is the Daija-Odori (大蛇踊り?, literally, "big snake dance"), consisting of a snake puppet suspended in mid-air from a frame and manipulated by strings. It is performed to a taiko drum and sanshin (Okinawan three-stringed banjo) accompaniment.[16][17]

Popular local dishes include the traditional tofu-misozuke, prepared by drying tofu in the sun and then adding miso. A more recent innovation adds kimchi to the dish.[2]

External links[edit]

Media related to China, Kagoshima at Wikimedia Commons

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f 知名町 (China Town), Kagoshima Prefecture Government, retrieved 2009-03-20 
  2. ^ a b c d 鹿児島の観光・自然・歴史・宿泊・交通など旅行に役立つ情報をお届けします。, Kagoshima Prefecture: Tourism Division, 2007, archived from the original on 2007-11-21, retrieved 2009-03-20 
  3. ^ "屋子母海岸 (Yakomo Beach)", Japan Tourism Agency, 2006, retrieved 2009-03-20 
  4. ^ "知名町立知名小学校 (China Municipal Primary School)", 情報WAVEかごしま, NHK, 2008-01-30, retrieved 2009-03-20 
  5. ^ 昇竜洞:太古の謎を秘めた幻想の世界, China Town Office, retrieved 2009-03-20 
  6. ^ 沿革/町章/町木/町花, China Town Office, retrieved 2009-03-20 
  7. ^ 平成19年度農畜産物生産計画 (2008 agricultural production statistics), China Town Office, 2008, retrieved 2009-03-20 
  8. ^ 教育行政の基本方針&教育委員 (Basic Educational Policy and Education Committee Members), China Town Office 
  9. ^ 沖永良部高校 沿革, Kagoshima Prefectural Institute for Education Research, retrieved 2009-03-22 
  10. ^ 学校紹介 (Schools Introduction), China Town Office, retrieved 2009-03-20 
  11. ^ 鹿児島県立 沖永良部高等学校 (Kagoshima Prefectural Okinoerabu High School), Kagoshima Prefectural Institute for Education Research, retrieved 2009-03-22 
  12. ^ 沖永良部高校とは (About Okinoerabu High School), Kagoshima Prefectural Institute for Education Research, retrieved 2009-03-22 
  13. ^ 知名町立図書館 (China Municipal Library), China Town Office, retrieved 2009-03-20 
  14. ^ 大山野営場 (Ōyama Camping Grounds), China Town Office, retrieved 2009-03-20 
  15. ^ 瀬利覚の獅子舞 (Serikaku Lion Dance), Kagoshima Prefectural Office, retrieved 2009-03-20 
  16. ^ 上平川の大蛇踊り (The Daija-Odori of Kamihirakawa), Kagoshima Prefectural Office, retrieved 2009-03-20 
  17. ^ 上平川大蛇踊り (Kamihirakawa's Daija-Odori), Japan Tourism Agency, 2006, retrieved 2009-03-20