|This article needs additional citations for verification. (December 2012)|
|Founded||16 December 1959|
|Frequent-flyer program||Dynasty Flyer|
Mandarin Airlines (93.99%)Tigerair Taiwan (80%)
|Destinations||95 (inc. cargo, exc. codeshare)|
|Company slogan||Journey with a caring smile|
|Parent company||China Airlines Group|
|Headquarters||CAL Park, Dayuan, Taoyuan, Taiwan|
|Revenue||NTD141.725 billion (2013)|
|Operating income||NTD -0.761 billion (2013)|
|Net income||NTD -1.274 billion (2013)|
|Total assets||NTD 52.890 billion (2013)|
|Total equity||NTD 52.000 billion (2013)|
|China Airlines Co., Ltd.|
China Airlines (CAL) (Chinese: 中華航空; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Hángkōng) (TWSE: 2610) is the largest airline in Taiwan and the flag carrier of the Republic of China (Taiwan). It is headquartered in Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport and has approximately 11,000 employees. China Airlines operates over 1,300 flights weekly to 95 airports in 91 cities across Asia, Europe, North America and Oceania.  The carrier was, in 2013, the 29th largest airline in the world in terms of passenger RPK (revenue per kilometer) and the 9th largest in terms of freight RPK.  China Airlines has three airline subsidiaries: Mandarin Airlines operates flights to domestic and regional destinations with smaller demands; China Airlines Cargo operates a fleet of freighter aircraft and manages its parent airline's cargo-hold capacity; Tigerair Taiwan is a planned low-cost carrier and will commence operations in late-2014.
- 1 History
- 2 Headquarters
- 3 Branding
- 4 Destinations
- 5 Fleet
- 6 Special liveries
- 7 Cabin classes
- 8 In-flight services
- 9 Dynasty Flyer
- 10 Dynasty Lounges
- 11 Private bus services in the United States
- 12 Technological initiatives
- 13 Subsidiaries and associates
- 14 Incidents and accidents
- 15 See also
- 16 References
- 17 External links
Formation and early years (1959-1995)
With a fleet of two PBY Amphibians, China Airlines was established on December 16, 1959, with its shares completely held by the Republic of China government. It was founded by a retired air force officer and initially concentrated on charter flights. During the 1960s, China Airlines was able to establish its first scheduled routes. In October 1962, a flight from Taipei to Hualien became the airline's first domestic service. Later, with the introduction of Caravelle and Boeing 727-100s,the airlines introduced international flights to South Vietnam, Hong Kong, and Japan. With the airlines' first two Boeing 707 aircraft,trans-Pacific flights to San Francisco via Tokyo were initiated on February 2, 1970. The expansion of the company's 707 fleet also permitted more services in Southeast Asia, Northeast Asia, and North America (via Japan and Hawaii).
Following the standard utilization of the wide-body 747 on the highly profitable Trans Pacific - USA routes, China Airlines introduced its first two 747-100s (ex-Delta Airlines aircraft) in 1976 and immediately placed it on its Hong Kong-Taipei-Tokyo-Honolulu-Los Angeles route. Shortly thereafter, four brand new Boeing 747SP (Special Performance) were introduced in 1977. Due to political pressure, Japan ended its diplomatic ties with Taiwan in 1972, and all flights between Taiwan and Japan were stopped. The 747SP aircraft made it possible for China Airlines to fly daily nonstop services from Taipei to its North American destinations without stopping over in Japan. It also allowed the airlines to introduce flights to Saudi Arabia and South Africa. In 1979, the airlines switched all operations from the small downtown Songshan International Airport to the newly built Chiang Kai-shek International Airport (current Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport). Following the introduction of 747-200s, the airlines introduced its first European destination, Amsterdam.
In 1978, Japan allowed China Airlines to return to Tokyo International Airport at Haneda after relocating all other airlines at the New Tokyo International Airport at Narita, leaving China Airlines as the sole international operator at Haneda, which at the time was an exclusive domestic facility. The premise being that air carriers from the PRC and Taiwan were prevented crossing paths at any Japanese airports. Thus CAL's Osaka service, due to the city's only airport at Itami, would not be reinstated until years later. Oddly enough, the crossing of flag-carriers (Taiwan based-airlines and Mainland China PRC based-airlines) occurred almost hourly at then British-controlled Hong Kong's Kaitak International Airport. Adversely, other regional airports such as Bangkok, Singapore and Manila were entirely spared of this indignity imposed on Japan by China.
The next 20 years saw sporadic but far-reaching growth for the company. Later, the airline inaugurated its own round-the-world flight: (Taipei-Anchorage-New York-Amsterdam-Dubai-Taipei). 1993 saw China Airlines listed on the Taiwan Stock Exchange. Later CAL would place one of the largest orders for the newest Boeing 747. The new 747s and an earlier an order with Airbus for over a dozen A300B4 wide body regional jets allowed for addition destination growth.
Change of logo and livery (1995-2010)
As the flag carrier for the Republic of China, China Airlines has been affected by disputes over the political status of Taiwan, and under pressure from the People's Republic of China was barred from flying into a number of countries maintaining diplomatic relations with the PRC. As a result, in the mid-1990s, China Airlines subsidiary Mandarin Airlines took over some of its Sydney and Vancouver international routes. Partly as a way to avoid the international controversy, in 1995 China Airlines unveiled its "plum blossom" logo, replacing the national flag, which had previously appeared on the tail fins (empennage), and the aircraft livery from the red-white-blue national colors on the fuselage of its aircraft. Plum blossom (Prunus mume) is the National Flower of the Republic of China.
Throughout the 1990s, the airline employed many ex-ROC Air Force pilots. Due to the company's poor safety record in the 1990s, China Airlines began to change its pilot recruitment practices and the company began to actively recruit civilian-trained pilots with proven track records. In addition, the company began recruiting university graduates as trainees in its own pilot training program. The company also modified its maintenance and operational procedures. These decisions were instrumental in the company's improved safety record, culminating in the company's recognition by the IATA Operational Safety Audit (IOSA).
Due to improving cross-strait relations, the first cross-strait charter flights between Taiwan and China were introduced in 2003, with China Airlines' flight 585, operated by a Boeing 747-400, being the first Taiwanese flight to legally land in China. (The aircraft took off from Taoyuan Airport, stopped over at Hong Kong Airport, and landed at Shanghai Pudong Airport.) In 2005, the first nonstop cross-strait charter flights were initiated, with China Airlines' flight 581 (Taoyuan Airport to Beijing Capital Airport) being the first flight of the program to depart from Taiwan. In 2008, the first regular weekend charter flights between Taiwan and China started operating, with daily charter flights introduced later in the year. In 2009, regularly scheduled cross-strait flights were finally introduced.
|“||Our strategic target is to continuously strengthen profitability and boost our competitiveness among international carriers.||”|
—Philip Wei (魏幸雄 Wèi Xìngxióng), Former Chairman of China Airlines
China Airlines signed an agreement to begin the process of joining the SkyTeam airline alliance on September 14, 2010 and officially became a full member on September 28, 2011. This was marked by an update to the logo of the airline and the typeface in which "China Airlines" is printed.
China Airlines announced its intention of increasing the size of its fleet to more than 100 aircraft within at most 10 years. While ordering Airbus A350-900s and Boeing 777-300ERs for its long term strategies, the airlines also leased various Airbus A330-300s and Boeing 737-800s to meet short term demands. The airline is planning on ordering 20-25 narrow-body aircraft for itself and another 8 or more for its subsidiary Mandarin Airlines. Types in consideration include the Boeing 737MAX and Airbus A320neo.
In December 2013, China Airlines announced its new joint venture with Singaporean low cost carrier Tigerair to establish Tigerair Taiwan, one of the first Taiwan-based LCCs. The new airlines is planned to start operations in 2014 with 3 Airbus A320s. China Airlines Group will hold a 90 percent share in the new carrier (China Airlines 80%, Mandarin Airlines 10%), while Tigerair will hold the other 10 percent.
China Airlines has its headquarters, CAL Park (Chinese: 華航園區; pinyin: Huáháng Yuánqū), on the grounds of Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport in Dayuan Township, Taoyuan County. CAL Park, located at the airport entrance, forms a straight line with Terminal 1, Terminal 2, and the future Terminal 3.
Previously China Airlines had its headquarters in Songshan District, Taipei. Previously China Airlines had operations at its headquarters, facilities on the east side of Taipei Songshan Airport, and at Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport. The airline consolidated all of those functions in its new headquarters site. The airline will rent space in the six floors making up its former headquarters to tenants. The monthly rent will be $2,000 New Taiwan Dollars per ping. In September 2009 the airline estimated that it would make $7 million NTW in monthly rental income. Han Liang-zhong, a China Airlines vice president, said that the rental income would cover the bank loans that the airline borrowed to finance the construction of the CAL Park. As a result of the headquarters move, China Airlines will develop part of the training center at Taipei Songshan Airport into a business aviation center. The airline's Taipei Branch Office (Chinese: 台北分公司; pinyin: Táiběi Fēngōngsī) remains at the former headquarters site.
Livery and uniforms
Prior to introducing the current "plum blossom" livery in 1995, China Airlines used to have a livery featuring the flag of the Republic of China on the tail. The carrier changed its livery due to political pressure from the Chinese government. The mainland government prohibited any aircraft flying with the Republic of China Flag displayed to land in the mainland, Hong Kong and Macau. It also pressured other countries to carry out similar bans. This forced China Airlines to change its corporate identity in order to avoid having operations affected.
In 2011, after joining Skyteam, the carrier made alterations to its logo in hopes of refreshing its brand image. A new font was chosen for the company name and a new approach was taken for the appearance of the plum blossom trademark. 
China Airlines has had many uniforms since its establishment in 1959. The current uniform debuted in 2007 to celebrate the carrier's 47th anniversary. A new uniform will be introduced in September 2014 along with the introduction of the new Boeing 777-300ER.  The latest generation of uniform had been postponed to 2015,but the precise date of release has not been determined.
China Airlines has used different slogans throughout its operational history. In 2006, the current slogan was introduced to complement the new uniforms and to celebrate the 47th anniversary. China Airlines' slogans have been as follows:
- "We treasure every encounter" (1987–1995)
- "We blossom everyday" (1995–2006)
- "Journey with a caring smile" (2006–present)
Most of China Airlines' flights originate out of Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport, its main hub near Taipei, Taiwan. At Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport, China Airlines' flight operations are in Terminal 1 and 2. China Airlines' regional flights as well as European flights, are mainly concentrated in Terminal 1. Its long-haul flights, especially American, and Australian, are mainly concentrated in Terminal 2. Additionally, China Airlines and its domestic subsidiary Mandarin Airlines operate numerous flights out of Kaohsiung International Airport and Taipei Songshan Airport. China Airlines' focus cities outside Taiwan are mainly Bangkok's Suvarnabhumi Airport, Hong Kong's Hong Kong International Airport, and Osaka's Kansai International Airport.
Through the mid-2000s, China Airlines' route network was affected by the political status of Taiwan, which has historically limited access for Taiwanese airlines to Europe and certain Asian countries. Because Taiwanese carriers did not have direct access to China, China Airlines used Hong Kong as its interline destination. China Airlines started to operate regular charter flights to China in 2008. The airline began regularly scheduled, direct cross-strait operations in December 2008, following the restoration of direct travel links.
China Airlines currently operates flights (including pure cargo flights) to 95 airports in 91 cities on four continents, with a well-developed Asian network.
China Airlines has codeshare agreements with the following airlines:
In addition, China Airlines has a codeshare agreement with Deutsche Bahn.
China Airlines has interline agreements with the following airlines:
|Airbus A330-300||24||12||—||—||36||—||—||277||313||Regional cabin|
|Airbus A340-300||6||246||276||To be replaced by A350-900|
|Airbus A350-900||—||14 (+6)||36||291||327||Deliveries from Q3 2016 to 2018|
|Boeing 737-800||16||3||8||150||158||Deliveries in 2015 and 2016|
|4||—||12||49||314||375||To be phased out
To be replaced by Boeing 777-300ER
|Boeing 777-300ER||—||10 (+4)||—||40||62||30||226||358||Deliveries begin in September 2014
EIS: 3 in 2014, 5 in 2015, 2 in 2016
All aircraft to receive Wi-Fi
Equipped with New Family Couch seats
|China Airlines Cargo Fleet|
China Airlines is undergoing a long-haul fleet renewal program. In 2008, the carrier firmed up an order for 14 Airbus A350-900 aircraft along with another 6 options. In 2012, an order for 6 Boeing 777-300ER and a lease agreement with GECAS for 4 more of the type were confirmed. Both the Airbus A350-900 and the Boeing 777-300ER will be replacements of the carrier's Airbus A340-300 and Boeing 747-400 on intercontinental routes. Deliveries of the Airbus A350-900 will start in 2016 while those for the Boeing 777-300ER will start earlier in September 2014. 
Regarding the narrow-body fleet, in October 2013, the airline's president Sun Hung-Hsiang announced that the airline is planning on ordering 20-25 narrow-body aircraft for itself and another 8 or more for its subsidiary Mandarin Airlines. Type in consideration includes the Boeing 737MAX and Airbus A320neo.
China Airlines Cargo is the airline's freight division, operating in Asia, Europe and North America. It operates a fleet of 19 freighters to 38 destinations around the world, in addition to utilising the cargo space on its passenger aircraft. China Airlines operates one of the world's largest fleet of Boeing 747-400Fs. The cargo division ranked seventh in the freight category of the 2008 The World's Top 25 Airlines by Air Transport World.
Cargo fleet plans
China Airlines' first special livery was introduced in 2003 with the design originating from the theme of "Taiwan Touch Your Heart". The project was in collaboration with the Tourism Bureau of Taiwan in order to promote tourism to Taiwan. However, the plane was painted back to the normal livery before it left the hangar. Currently, China Airlines has a total of 9 special livery aircraft in service.
Taiwanese culture and creativity series
In 2013, China Airlines revealed plans to paint up to 20 Taiwan-themed special livery aircraft. The carrier will collaborate with Taiwanese artists, cultural workers, and tourism bureaus to design the special liveries. 
Aircraft part of the series are listed below:
- B-18355 (Airbus A330-300) - "Welcome to Taiwan" Livery, in collaboration with the Tourism Bureau
- B-18358 (Airbus A330-300) - "Masalu! Taiwan" Livery, in collaboration with Paiwan artist Sakuliu Pavavalung and the Council of Indigenous Peoples
- B-18361 (Airbus A330-300) - "Cloud Gate Dance Theatre of Taiwan" Livery, in collaboration with Cloud Gate Dance Theatre
- B-18203 (Boeing 747-400) - Love & Hug Livery, in collaboration with illustrator Jimmy Liao
Skyteam alliance livery
China Airlines has two aircraft, listed below, painted in the Skyteam alliance livery:
50 year anniversary series
Existing 50 years anniversary livery jets are listed below:
Planes with 50 years anniversary icons removed are listed below:
Other special liveries
- B-18806 (Airbus A340-300) - "The Official Airline for Climate Monitoring" Livery, in collaboration with the Environmental Protection Administration, the Ministry of Science and Technology and the National Central University. The plane is equipped with the "In-service Aircraft for a Global Observing System (IAGOS)" to monitor global climate changes. 
- B-18305 (Airbus A330-300) - Butterfly Orchid Livery
- B-18311 (Airbus A330-300) - "Sweet" Fruit Livery
- B-18610 (Boeing 737-800) - Lavender Livery
- B-18210 (Boeing 747-400) - Boeing Hybrid Livery
First Class is offered on seven three-class Boeing 747 aircraft that primarily serve the routes to Los Angeles, San Francisco, Beijing, and Shanghai. There are 12 flat-bed First Class seats located in each of the nose sections of the three-class Boeing 747s. Each seat features a 15.1-inch personal screen with Audio and Video On Demand (AVOD), USB port, universal power outlet, and noise cancelling headphone. Turndown service is offered by cabin crew upon request. 
Business Class, formerly known as Dynasty Class, is offered on all China Airlines aircraft.
New Premium Business Class is available on the Boeing 777-300ERs. The seating is configured in a 1-2-1 layout that every passenger has direct access to the aisle. The seat is 78 inch long when it coverts to a full flat bed. Each seat gets natural woodgrain table, adjustable reading lights, multiple storage bins, AC and USB sockets, and a 18-inch multiple-touch screen with 4.1-inch touchscreen-control. 
Recliner and angle-flat seats
Regional-configuration Airbus A330-300s feature 36 shell seats with 52" of pitch and 140° of recline; other A330 aircraft feature 30 shell seats with 63" of pitch and 166° of recline. On Airbus A340-300s, there are 30 recliner-style seats with 60" inches of pitch and 150° of recline. All Business Class seats on the Airbus fleet have in-seat power and 10.4" IFE screens. Boeing 747 aircraft equipped with First Class have 49 Business Class seats, while those without First Class have 70 Business Class seats; all seats offer 60" of pitch and in-seat power. The recliner-style seats of newer (Version 3) aircraft have 140° of recline and 10.4" IFE displays, while the shelled angled-lie-flat seats of the refurbished (Versions 4 and 5) aircraft have 160° of recline and 15" IFE displays. Boeing 737-800 aircraft are equipped with 8 recliners styles seats with 40" of pitch, reduced recline, and no in-seat video or power.
Premium Economy Class
New Premium Economy Class is a new class type that will be offered exclusively on all Boeing 777-300ERs. The new Premium Economy Class will feature fixed backshell seats, 12.1-inch multiple-touch screens, USB ports, universal power outlets, footrests, leg-rests, and tables with adjustable tablet holders. Passengers traveling in Premium Economy Class will receive a complimentary amenity kit and special in-flight meals with designer utensils. Seat pitch is approximately 39 inch. 
Economy Class on all aircraft features 31-32" of pitch and, except on Boeing 737 aircraft, IFE screens ranging from 6.5" to 11.1" inch size.
Family Couch is a new product exclusively featured on all Boeing 777-300ERs. It is a set of three Economy class seats on the window rows of the cabin and easily converts into a flat surface for rest, relaxation and play. By booking three adjacent Family Couch seats on long-haul flights, passengers can lie flat on their backs. 
Food and beverages served on flights from Taipei are provided by China Pacific Catering Services (CPCS) facilities in Taipei. China Airlines offers a variety of meals on intercontinental routes, depending on seat class, destination and flight length. Western and Eastern menu selections are typically offered, including seasonal menu selections varied by destination. Special meal offerings can be requested in each class during booking, including children's, religious, vegetarian, and other meals. Meals from famous Taiwanese restaurants or hotels are offered, mostly to First and Business Class passengers.
China Airlines also offers refreshments (also known as light meals) or snack boxes on all of their international flights. Pre-flight drinks and mixed nuts are available in First Class and Business Class. China Airlines offers only coffee, tea, and water for economy class passengers in flights that are less than three hours. However, drinks and alcohol are still available to First Class, Business Class, and Economy Class (on flights longer than three hours) passengers.
"Fantasy Sky", China Airlines' in-flight entertainment system, is available on all aircraft with Audio/Video on Demand (AVOD). Fantasy Sky contains over 100 movies, television shows, songs, and video games, as well as aircraft exterior views (such as the nose wheel). It is available in three languages: English, Japanese, and Mandarin. China Airlines intended to fit Fantasy Sky entertainment systems on all the Boeing 747-400s by Q2 of 2012.
China Airlines publishes a total of 3 in-flight magazines for its passengers: DYNASTY, Fantasy Sky, and Sky Boutique.
DYNASTY, the China Airlines magazine, has articles in English, Chinese, and Japanese. The articles feature local and international events, descriptive culture, social introductions, personal interviews, in-flight entertainment instructions, and China Airlines' news.
Fantasy Sky, China Airlines' in-flight entertainment guide, provides information on the movies, videos, music, and radio channels being offered.
Sky Boutique is China Airlines' duty-free catalogue.
Dynasty Flyer is China Airlines' frequent flyer program. There are four tiers where three elite tiers are Gold, Emerald, and Paragon. Members can qualify for these elite tiers by earning enough air miles and/or segments within 12 calendar months. Elite members have more privileges such as access to the VIP Lounge, a higher checked baggage allowance, and being able to upgrade their ticket to a different cabin. All elite memberships last two years and soft landings are available.
China Airlines' airline lounges are called Dynasty Lounge and Dynasty Supreme Lounge. There are a total of 10 China Airlines lounges at 8 different airports. Lounge services at other China Airlines destinations are offered by partner airlines or local operators.
Dynasty Supreme Lounge
The Dynasty Supreme Lounge is exclusive for first class passengers along with Dynasty Flyer Paragon card holders. Currently, there is only one Dynasty Supreme Lounge, located in Terminal 2 at Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport. The lounge features 65 seats, suites in different sizes, and shower rooms. Dining services and computers are offered while Wi-Fi is available throughout the lounge. 
The Dynasty Lounge is available to both first and business class passengers and Dynasty Flyer Gold, Emerald, and Paragon card holders. Dynasty Lounge features vary by location. Services typically include meals, refreshments, Wi-Fi, computers, televisions, publications, and shower facilities.
Location of Dynasty Lounges are listed below
- Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport Terminal 1
- Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport Terminal 2
- Kaohsiung International Airport
- Hong Kong International Airport Terminal 1
- Kuala Lumpur International Airport
- Bangkok Suvarnabhumi International Airport
- Tokyo Narita International Airport Terminal 2
- Honolulu International Airport
- San Francisco International Airport
Private bus services in the United States
In the United States, China Airlines operates private bus services from airports with China Airlines flights to areas.
The airline operates a bus to John F. Kennedy International Airport from Fort Lee, Parsippany-Troy Hills, and Edison in northern New Jersey, and several points in Greater Philadelphia, including Cherry Hill, New Jersey, Center City Philadelphia, and South Philadelphia. Previously the shuttle served Chinatown, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The Taipei Times reported that passengers "highly appreciated" the China Airlines JFK bus service.
The airline operates a bus to San Francisco International Airport from Milpitas and Cupertino in California. The airline operates a bus to Los Angeles International Airport from Monterey Park and the Rowland Heights area of unincorporated Los Angeles County in California.
Previously the airline operated free buses in Houston, Texas and Abu Dhabi in the United Arab Emirates. The Houston bus service served Sugar Land and the Houston Chinatown. It ended in 2008 when China Airlines ended its Houston service.
China Airlines launched more methods to check in for flights. Among them were self-check in utilizing a kiosk at Taoyuan Airport and other selected destinations. China Airlines also offers check-in via mobile phone. Passengers can use the "CI Mobile" application to check flight arrivals and departures and check in for their flights. 
China Airlines Cargo, the cargo division of the airline, was the first airline operating out of Taipei to fully switch to e-air waybill, a method that eliminates the need for all paper documents when issuing air waybills, and one of the nine countries/territories and airlines (include both the airline and Taiwan) selected by the International Air Transport Association (IATA) to run the e-AWB pilot programme. The airline also allows customers to track freight and flights on their smartphones through the "CAL Cargo" application.
Subsidiaries and associates
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (April 2013)|
Companies with major China Airlines Group stake include:
|Company||Type||Principal activities||Incorporated in||Group's Equity Shareholding
(10 March 2010)
|Tigerair Taiwan||Joint Venture||Low-cost carrier||Taiwan||90%|
|Taoyuan International Airport Services Limited||Subsidiary||Ground handling||Taiwan||49%|
|China Pacific Catering Services Limited||Subsidiary||Catering services||Taiwan||51%|
|Hua Hsia Company Limited||Subsidiary||Laundry||Taiwan||100%|
|China Pacific Laundry Services Limited||Subsidiary||Laundry||Taiwan||55%|
|Taiwan Air Cargo Terminals Limited||Subsidiary||Cargo Loading||Taiwan||54%|
|Global Sky Express Limited||Joint Venture||Cargo Loading||Taiwan||25%|
|Dynasty Holidays||Subsidiary||Travel agency||Taiwan||51%|
|Cal-Aisa Investment Inc.||Subsidiary||Holding Company||British Virgin Islands||100%|
|China Aircraft Services Limited||Joint Venture||Maintenance Company||Hong Kong||20%|
Incidents and accidents
Between 1994 and 2002, China Airlines suffered 4 fatal accidents, 3 of which each resulted in over 200 deaths. The accidents contributed to the airline having a poor reputation for safety, partly blamed on an air force-influenced pilot culture. Since then, the airline's safety record has seen an improvement. In 2007, in an article published after the explosion of Flight 120, The Wall Street Journal quoted analysts as saying the airline has had "a marked improvement in safety and operational performance since 2002", with the mid-air disintegration of Flight 611 being "a catalyst for an overhaul" in its safety practices.
China Airlines has suffered numerous incidents and accidents since its formation. The last major accident was in 2007, while the last fatal accident occurred in 2002:
- On 2 January 1969, Flight 227, a Douglas C-47A, struck the side of Mount Paku, Taiwan after encountering turbulence and a downdraft. The aircraft was operating a domestic scheduled passenger flight from Taitung Airport to Kaohsiung International Airport. All 24 passengers and crew were killed.
- On 12 August 1970, Flight 206, a NAMC YS-11A, struck a ridge in thick fog while on approach to Taipei, killing 14 of 31 on board.
- On 20 November 1971, Flight 825, a Caravelle III aircraft, blew up after a bomb on it exploded, causing the deaths of 25 people over the Penghu Islands.
- On 24 March 1975, Douglas C-47A B-1553 crashed at Kompong Cham following a mid-air collision with a Cessna L-19 Bird Dog.
- On 11 September 1979, Boeing 707-320C, registration B-1834, crashed off Chiang Kai-shek International Airport shortly after takeoff during a training flight, killing all six crew on board.
- On 27 February 1980, a CAL Boeing 707-300C, registration B-1826, crashed short of the runway at Manila International Airport, killing two of 135 on board.
- On 21 August 1983, Flight 811, a Boeing 767-200 from Taipei, landed in Manila International Airport. Benigno Aquino Jr. the former senator in Philippines was assassinated after being escorted from the plane.
- On 19 February 1985, Flight 006, a Boeing 747SP, performed an uncontrolled descent over the Pacific Ocean resulting in substantial damage to the aircraft.
- On 16 February 1986, Flight 2265, a Boeing 737-200, crashed 12 mi off Makung, Penghu, killing 13. During landing, a nosewheel tire blew. The crew performed a go-around during which the aircraft crashed; the wreckage was found on March 10 in 190 feet of water.
- On 3 May 1986, Flight 334, a Boeing 747-200F, was hijacked by its pilot, who landed the plane in Guangzhou, China where he defected. The ROC government sent a delegation to discuss with their mainland counterpart regards the return of the plane and 2 remaining crew.
- On 26 October 1989, Flight 204, a Boeing 737-200, struck a mountain near Hualien, Taiwan after the crew used the climbout procedure of the incorrect runway, causing the aircraft to make a wrong turn. All 54 passengers and crew aboard were killed.
- On 29 December 1991, Flight 358, a Boeing 747-200F (the same aircraft that was involved in the Flight 334 hijacking), hit a hillside near Wanli, Taiwan after separation of its No.3 & 4 engines, killing all five crew on board.
- On 4 November 1993, Flight 605, a brand new Boeing 747-400, overran the Kai Tak Airport runway 13 while landing during a typhoon. It had touched down more than 2/3 down the runway and was unable to stop before the end of the runway, finishing up in Hong Kong harbor. All 396 people on board were safely evacuated but the aircraft was written off. The vertical stabilizer was dynamited away due to its interference with Kai Tak's ILS systems.
- On 26 April 1994, Flight 140, an Airbus A300, crashed while landing at Nagoya, Japan due to crew error, killing 264 of 271 on board.
- On 16 February 1998, Flight 676, an Airbus A300, crashed after a failed missed-approach at Chiang Kai-shek International Airport in Taiwan, killing all 196 aboard along with 7 on the ground, including ROC Central Bank chief Hsu Yuan-Dong.
- On 22 August 1999, Flight 642, a McDonnell Douglas MD-11, flipped over while landing at Hong Kong airport during a typhoon. Three people were killed.
- On 25 May 2002, Flight 611, a Boeing 747-200B, broke up in mid-air on the way to Hong Kong International Airport in Hong Kong from Chiang Kai-shek International Airport in Taiwan. All 206 passengers and 19 crew members died. The aircraft was the last 747-200 in China Airlines' passenger fleet. The cause was improper repair after a tailstrike incident in Hong Kong in 1980.
- On 20 August 2007, Flight 120, a Boeing 737-800 inbound from Taipei caught fire shortly after landing at Naha Airport in Okinawa Prefecture, Japan. After stopping on the tarmac, the engine started smoking and burning, and later exploded causing the aircraft to catch fire. A statement from the airline confirmed that all passengers and crew members were safely evacuated, and a ground engineer knocked off his feet by the blast was unhurt. The cause of the explosion has been attributed to a fuel leak caused by a bolt from the right wing slat puncturing the fuel tank.
- List of airports in Taiwan
- List of Taiwanese companies
- Transportation in Taiwan
- Air transport in Taiwan
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