The China Central Chinese Orchestra (Chinese: 中国中央民族乐团 or 中央民族乐团; also called China Central Nationalities Orchestra and China Chinese National Orchestra) is a large orchestra of traditional Chinese musical instruments (with accompanying choir) based in Beijing, China. It was established in 1960.
The orchestra was founded by Li Huanzhi (1919-2000), the former chair of the Chinese Musicians' Association. Its current president is Xi Qiang.
The orchestra has performed throughout China and visited dozens of nations on five continents.
In 1993 it founded Orchestra Asia, together with Ensemble Nipponia of Japan and the South Korean National Orchestra.