China Compulsory Certificate
The China Compulsory Certificate mark, commonly known as CCC Mark, is a compulsory safety mark for many products imported, sold or used in the Chinese market. It was implemented on May 1, 2002 and became fully effective on August 1, 2003.
It is the result of the integration of China's two previous compulsory inspection systems, namely "CCIB" (Safety Mark, introduced in 1989 and required for products in 47 product categories) and "CCEE" (also known as "Great Wall" Mark, for electrical commodities in 7 product categories), into a single procedure.
The CCC mark is required for both domestically manufactured products and products imported into China. There is a catalogue of CCC-compulsory products. To clarify if a product must be certified, it is also helpful to look at the Guobiao standards for the product. The catalogue contains among other products:
- Electrical wires and cables
- Switches for circuits, Installation protective and connection devices
- Low-voltage Electrical Apparatus
- Small Power motors
- Electric tools
- Welding machines
- Household and similar electrical appliances
- Audio and video apparatus
- Information technology equipment
- Lighting apparatus
- Telecommunication terminal equipment
- Motor vehicles and Safety parts
- Motor vehicle tires
- Safety Glasses
- Agricultural Machinery
- Latex Products
- Medical Devices
- Fire Fighting Equipment
- Detectors for Intruder Alarm Systems
- Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN) systems
The CCC mark is administered by the CNCA (Certification and Accreditation Administration). The China Quality Certification Centre (CQC) is designated by CNCA to process CCC mark applications and defines the products that need CCC.
The certification process usually takes between 4–8 months and includes the following steps:
- Submission of an application and supporting materials
- Type Testing. A CNCA-designated test laboratory in China will test product samples
- Factory Inspection. CQC will send representatives to inspect the manufacturing facilities
- Evaluation of the results
- Approval of the CCC Certificate (or failure and retesting)
- Annual Follow-up Factory Inspections by Chinese officials
The CCC certificate and permission of printing the CCC mark must be renewed annually as part of a follow-up certification. Part of the follow-up certification is also a one-day factory audit. The proceedings of the follow-up certification are comparable with those of the initial certification, but overall much shorter, simpler and associated with a lower cost. No further product testing in China is typically requested and the audit will be kept compact.
IT security products
|This section may require copy-editing. (July 2014)|
On 27 April 2009, China announced 13 categories of products, so called "IT security products" should conform CCC (China Compulsory Certificate),which implements regulation and it was applied on 1 May 2009. In view of security measure of China, there would be a high possibility that China's request disclosure of source code program run on these products. The disclosure of source code is the big concern among countries like U.S., Japan, EU and South Korea, and asking China to take back and opposing the implementation plan to come. The certification agent shall be limited to the organization or entity within China, but this restriction also arise other concerns that source code and secret of product know-how leaked to private sectors. In respond to such concern, China altered Compulsory Certificate implement from apply to all these type of product import into China to apply to only government procurement products and postponed implementation date to 1 May 2010. China has also commented that the number of product categories is not expanded to more than 13.
List of IT security products
- Secure operating system product
- Safety isolation and information exchange product
- Secure router product
- Security supervising product
- Secure database system product
- Countermeasure product for spam (trouble/nuisance) mail
- Firewall product
- Invasion detect system product
- Data backup/recovery product
- Network secure isolating LAN card/switching hub product
- Network vulnerability scanning product
- Web site recovery product
- Smart card COS product
- "Certification in Brief". China Quality Center (CQC). Retrieved 2013-03-13.
- "Certification Process". China Certification. Retrieved 2013-03-13.
- "Information Security, U.S.-China Joint Commission on Commerce and Trade". USTR. 2009-10-29. Retrieved 2009-12-31.
- "China, CCC Certification News Update". nemko.com. 2009-09-10. Retrieved 2009-09-18.
- "Chinese certification of information security products". nemko.com. 2009-08-28. Retrieved 2009-09-18.
- Note that product naming is literal translation from China published wording to Japanese by several number of Japanese industrial associations, then further literary translated to English.
- "中国CCC 強制認証対象品目一覧表2009 年版" [List of CCC applicable products, 2009 edition] (PDF) (in Japanese). Shibuya, Tokyo: JET:Japan Electrical Safety & Environment Technology Laboratories (電気安全環境研究所). p. 9/10. Archived from the original on 2009-08-28. Retrieved 2009-09-18.
- "A Brief Guide to CCC: China Compulsory Certification", Julian Busch, ISBN 978-1484115534
- Short CCC Explanation - Video
- Introductory CCC Video
- Full list of CCC applicable product, in Japanese 28 August 2009 Edition (In Japanese) web site of JET:Japan Electrical Safety & Environment Technology Laboratories (電気安全環境研究所)
- Foreign-made, intellectual and IT security, products procurement policy
- USTR Releases 2010 Special 301 Report on Intellectual Property Rights
- ABC NEWS - Geithner to Press China on Trade Barriers, Yuan 7th paragraph; "American companies are very concerned that this approach has the potential to discriminate against foreign-made products and could disadvantage American exporters and investors as they compete with Chinese firms," Geithner said. "We share these concerns." (May 18, 2010)
- Strategic and Economic Dialogue Closing Statement, Treasury Secretary Tim Geithner, Beijing, China As Prepared for Delivery on May 25, 2010 (United States Department of the Treasury)
- CQC website
- CNCA website
- China-Certification CCC
- CCC US OFFICE
- CSA/CCIC Customer Service Center
- CTI Testing and Certification
- TÜV Rheinland Group
- TÜV SÜD America Inc.
- SIQ Ljubljana, Slovenia
- Standardization Administration of the Peoples Republic of China