China Martyrs of 1900
The "China Martyrs of 1900" is a term used by some Protestant Christians to refer to American and European missionaries and converts who were killed during the Boxer Rebellion, when targeted attacks took place across mainland China against Christians and foreigners.
At least 189 Protestant missionaries and 500 native Chinese Protestant Christians were murdered in 1900 alone. Though some missionaries considered themselves non-denominationally Protestant, among those killed were Baptists, Anglicans, Lutherans, Methodists, Presbyterians and Plymouth Brethren.
The murder of eleven Anglican missionaries and their children on August 1, 1895 in Huashan, Fujian Province foreshadowed the devastation. Foreigners, their religion, and spiritual disruptions associated with new railroad and telegraph lines were all blamed for the unusually severe flooding of the Yellow River annually since 1896, as well as the Yangtze River's flooding in 1898, and drought across north China in the spring of 1900--all of which led to famine and ultimately violence. Chinese also vehemently objected to foreign political interference (having lost the First Sino-Japanese War in 1895), the opium trade, and economic manipulations against Chinese interests.
The China Inland Mission, which lost 58 adult missionaries and 21 children in 1900, had the highest losses of any missionary agency that year. Several dled in in the Taiyuan Massacre; Catholic and Baptist missionaries were also decapitated in the Shanxi Province's capitol on July 9th and 11th after travelling there under the governor's orders and nominal guarantees of protection. In 1901, when the allied nations demanded compensation from the Chinese government, Hudson Taylor, a British Protestant Christian missionary to China and founder of the China Inland Mission (CIM) (later Overseas Missionary Fellowship, now OMF International), refused to accept payment for loss of property or life in order to demonstrate the meekness of Christ to the Chinese. The funds instead went to found the Shansi Imperial University, whose first chancellor was the Baptist missionary Timothy Richard. other reparations founded Tsinghua University in Beijing.
The British legation in Beijing protected many Methodists, who had just concluded their North China Missionary Conference in that city on June 20, 1900 when an Imperial edict was issued authorizing the slaughter of "all foreigners in the Empire."
The decapitation of missionary and Yale graduate Horace Pitkin while defending two women missionaries led to the founding of the Yale China Mission, the papers of which remain a significant research source concerning early 20th century Chinese history.Another large collection of missionary papers is in London.
- At the Ecumenical Mission Boards conference in New York that in late 1900, at which 162 missions were represented, 189 missionaries and their children were reported killed.http://home.snu.edu/~hculbert/line.htm
- http://www.imarc.cc/reghist/reghist1.html#N_46_ citing Walter N. Lacy, A Hundred Years of China Methodism, Nashville, Abingdon-Cokesbury Press, 1964.
- Broomhall, Marshall. Martyred Missionaries of the China Inland Mission with a record of the Perils and Sufferings of Some Who Escaped. London: Morgan and Scott. Retrieved 2006-06-21.
- http://www.imarc.cc/reghist/reghist1.html#N_46_ citing Lacy at p. 121.
- The China Martyrs of 1900 by Robert Covantry Forsyth
- Cross and Crown: The Story of the Chinese Martyrs by Mrs. Bryson of Tsientsin
- Chinese heroes; being a record of persecutions endured by native Christians in the Boxer uprising by Isaac Taylor Headland (1902)
- Historical Bibliography of the China Inland Mission
- A Thousand Miles of Miracle by Archibald Glover
-  (Biographical Dictionary of Chinese Christianity online)
- OMF International (formerly China Inland Mission and Overseas Missionary Fellowship)
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