China Railway Engineering Corporation
|Traded as||SEHK: 390 SSE: 601390|
|Headquarters||Beijing, People's Republic of China|
|Area served||People's Republic of China|
|Key people||Chairman: Mr. Shi Dahua|
The China Railway Engineering Corporation (Traditional Chinese:中國中鐵 or 中國鐵路工程總公司, Simplified Chinese: 中国中铁 or 中国铁路工程总公司) (CREC or China Railway Group) is a large-scale state-owned construction company in the People's Republic of China under the supervision by the State Council of the People's Republic of China. By revenue, CREC is the largest construction company in the world in the 2012 Engineering News-Record "Top 225 Global Contractors" and ranks No. 112 among all multinationals in the Fortune Global 500.
CREC holds a large share of the Chinese construction market and participates in many large-scale infrastructure projects overseas (especially in countries in the Southeast Asia and Africa). In addition to the core business of construction, the company does business in surveying and designing, installation, manufacturing, R&D, technical consulting, capital management as well as international economic and trade activities.
From 1970 to 1975, the Railway Engineering Corps, the predecessor to the CREC, helped build the TAZARA Railway in Tanzania and Zambia. The 1,860 km railway in Africa was China's single largest foreign aid project. The Railway Engineering Corps would go on to build other large-scale infrastructure projects in foreign countries.
In November 2007, CREC announced that it would be listing A shares and H shares on the Shanghai and Hong Kong respectively. The IPO price of A share ranged from 4 to 4.8 Chinese yuan while that of H share ranged from 5.03 to 5.78 Hong Kong dollar. CREC joined the Hang Seng China Enterprises Index from 10 March 2008.
In support of a cross country railway building boom in Venezuela, CREC began construction in 2009 of the Anaco-Tinaco railroad, an 800 million USD project to building a 471 km high speed railway line through the agriculture belt.
This company appeared to break new ground in the European Union in 2009 when the COVEC subsidiary along with two Chinese partners were awarded the tender to construct two parts of the A2 highway in Poland. The project began well in the design and preparation stages with COVEC demonstrating "technical acumen" but work ran aground at later stages because of mismanagement within a tight regulatory framework, ending in failure for COVEC and replacement by other contractors.
CREC consists of 31 member enterprises including:
- 16 super-large construction enterprises
- China National Overseas Engineering Corporation (COVEC)
- China Railway Resources Co., Ltd.
- China Railway First Group Corporation
- China Railway Erju Group Corporation (China Railway Second Group Corporation)
- Third Engineering Group Co. Ltd
- China Tiesiju Civil Engineering Group Co. Ltd (China Fourth Group Civil Engineering Group Co. Ltd)
- China Railway Wuju Group Corporation (China Railway Fifth Group Corporation)
- China Railway Sixth Group Co. Ltd
- China Railway Seventh Group Co. Ltd
- China Railway Eighth Civil Engineering Group Corporation
- China Railway No. 9 Group Co. Ltd
- China Railway No. 10 Group Corporation
- China Zhongtie Major Bridge Engineering Group Co. Ltd (China Railway Major Bridge Engineering Group Co. Ltd)
- China Railway Tunnel Group
- China Railway Electrification Bureau Co. Ltd
- China Railway Construction Engineering Group
- 3 large or super large surveying and designing enterprises
- Second Survey and Design Institute of China Railway
- China Railway Engineering Consultants Group
- China Major Bridge Survey and Design Institute
- 3 large R&D enterprises
- Northwest Research Institute
- Southwest Research Institute of CREC
- Engineering Machinery Research and Design Institute
- 5 large manufacturing enterprises
- China Railway Shanhaiguan Bridge Group Co. Ltd
- China Railway Turnout Bridge Inc.
- China Railway Bus. Co. Ltd.
- Wuhan Engineering Machinery Works of CREC
- Hengping Trust and Investment Co. Ltd.
In addition there are 4 organizations directly run by the Headquarters and 17 subsidiary companies and project companies. CREC's construction teams are found in over 1,000 cities throughout China. It does not have a presence in Taiwan.
- "Global 500". Fortune.
- "The Top 225 Global Contractors". Engineering News-Record.
- CREC joined Hang Seng China Enterprises Index
- Kroth, Olivia (October 9, 2012). "President Chávez continues Venezuela's railway development". Pravda.
- Broomby, Rob (16 September 2009). "China's controversial Polish contract". BBC News.
- "European Project Trips China Builder". Wall Street Journal. June 4, 2012.