China Railways CRH1

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China Railways CRH1 EMU
CRH1 at Guangshen Railway.jpg
CRH1 high-speed train
In service 2007 - Present
Manufacturer Bombardier Sifang (Qingdao) Transportation Ltd. (BST)
Family name Bombardier Transportation Regina, Zefiro
Number built CRH1A: 186 trainsets (1488 cars)
CRH1B: 20 trainsets (320 cars)
CRH1E: 20 trainsets (320 cars)
CRH380D: 70 trainsets (560 cars)
CRH380DL: 0 trainsets (Order converted to 50 D units)
Formation CRH1A: 8 cars per trainset (5M3T)
CRH1B/E: 16 cars per trainset (10M6T)
CRH380D: 8 cars per trainset (4M4T)
CRH380DL: 16 cars per trainset (8M8T)
Capacity CRH1A:668 or 611 or 645
CRH1B:1299
CRH1E:618 or 642
CRH380D: 495
CRH380DL: 1013
Operator Chinese Ministry of Railways
- Guangzhou Railway Group Co.,Ltd.
- Shanghai Railway Bureau
- Nanchang Railway Bureau
- Chengdu Railway Bureau
Line(s) served Guangshen railway,
Hukun railway, Jinghu railway, Hainan Eastern Ring Railway
Specifications
Car body construction Stainless Steel
Train length CRH1A: 213.5 m (700 ft 6 in)
CRH1B: 426.3 m (1,398 ft 7 in)
CRH1E: 428.9 m (1,407 ft 2 in)
CRH380DL: 215.3 m (706 ft 4 in)
CRH380DL: 428.1 m (1,404 ft 6 in)
Width 3,328 mm (10 ft 11.0 in)
Height 4,040 mm (13 ft 3 in)
Platform height 500–1,200 mm (1 ft 7.7 in–3 ft 11.2 in)
Maximum speed CRH1A: 220 km/h (137 mph)
(initial 40 trainsets)
or 250 km/h (155 mph)
CRH1B/E:250 km/h (155 mph)
CRH380D/DL:380 km/h (236 mph)
Weight CRH1A: 435 t (428 long tons; 480 short tons)
CRH1B: 850 t (840 long tons; 940 short tons)
CRH1E: 890 t (880 long tons; 980 short tons)
CRH380D: 450 t (440 long tons; 500 short tons)
CRH380DL: 900 t (890 long tons; 990 short tons)
Traction system IGBT VVVF inverter control
Power output CRH1A: 5.3 MW (7,100 hp)
CRH1B/E: 11 MW (15,000 hp)
CRH380D: 10 MW (13,000 hp)
CRH380DL: 20 MW (27,000 hp)
Transmission AC-DC-AC
Acceleration CRH1A/B/E: Maximum
0.6 m/s2 (2.2 km/(h·s))
CRH380D/DL: 0.48 m/s2 (1.7 km/(h·s))
Deceleration CRH1A: Emergency 1.2 m/s2 (4.3 km/(h·s)), General 0.8 m/s2 (2.9 km/(h·s))
Power supply Overhead catenary
Electric system(s) 25 kV 50 Hz AC
Current collection method Pantograph
Braking system(s) Regenerative, electronically controlled pneumatic brakes
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Regina in Sweden. The Regina trains in Sweden are wider than the CRH1 since they are built to make full use of the wider loading gauge used in Sweden.

The CRH1 EMU is a high-speed train operated by China Railways and built by a joint venture between Bombardier Transportation and Sifang at Bombardier Sifang Power Transportation factory in Qingdao, Shandong Province, People's Republic of China.

At the same time as ordering the Shinkansen-based CRH2 and the Pendolino-based CRH5, the Chinese Ministry of Railways ordered Bombardier-based CRH1, specifically 20 CRH1A trainsets in June 2007 and an additional 20 CRH1A trains, each with 8 cars that have total standard capacity of 670 people. The total value of the order is €560 million.[1] In July 2010, a further 40 CRH1A eight-car trains were ordered.[2]

Most CRH1 trains were allocated to Guangshen Railway for replacing all locomotive-hauled trains between Guangzhou and Shenzhen in Guangdong province.[citation needed] Some are also used on the line Shanghai – Nanjing.

Design[edit]

CRH1A[edit]

CRH1A and CRH1B are based on Bombardier's Regina family.[3] The train was designed by Sifang and Bombardier jointly in Västerås, Sweden and originally named C2008.[1][3]

Each CRH1A set consists of 8 cars, the first batch (CRH1-001A~CRH1-040A)including 2 first class coaches (ZY), 5 second class coaches (ZE) and 1 second class coach/dining car (ZEC).the second batch (CRH1-081A~CRH1-120A) including 2 first class coaches (ZY), 1 first class/second class coaches (ZYE), 4 second class coaches (ZE) and 1 second class coach/dining car (ZEC). The potential maximum speed of CRH1A is 250 km/h (155 mph), but in fact the maximum speed of the initial 40 sets in operation is always restricted by the software of computer control system, so the maximum speed in service is 220 km/h (137 mph).

The first units (CRH1-001A) were delivered on August 30, 2006,[4] the CRH1A sets started service from February 1, 2007 at the Guangzhou -Shenzhen Railway.

In July 2010, the Chinese MOR ordered additional 40 sets of CRH1A, The designed top operating speed increased to 250 km/h, On September 2010, during test run at Qinshen PDL, top speed of CRH1-081A reach 278 km/h (173 mph).,[5]

In September 2012, The MOR issued a revision in the Zefiro contract, which calls for the order of an additional 106 eight car Zefiro 250 (46 sets) and Zefiro 250NG (60 sets) train sets in lieu of the cancellation of the 16 car Zefiro 380 sets. The NG variant is a new model, which will use new materials in order to achieve weight reductions and more efficient operation.[6]

CRH1B[edit]

On October 31, 2007, the Chinese MOR ordered 20 sets of CRH1B trains (CRH1-041B~CRH1-060B). CRH1B is a fleet-extended CRH1A. Each CRH1B consists of 16 cars, including 3 first class coaches (ZY), 12 second class coaches (ZE) and 1 dining car (CA). CRH1B, however, have not such restriction on the operational speed, the maximum speed is still 250 km/h (155 mph).CRH1B first come into commercial use on April, 2009, between Shanghai-Nanjing & Shanghai-Hangzhou.

On July 23, 2011, CRH1-046B was hit on ZY104600 car by CRH2-139E in Yongtaiwen PDL accident.

CRH1E[edit]

Two CRH1 series E high-speed trains in Shanghai Hongqiao Railway Station
Main article: Bombardier Zefiro

On October 31, 2007, the Chinese MOR ordered 20 sets of CRH1E trains (CRH1-061E~CRH1-080E).The CRH1E is the first high-speed 16-car sleeper train (10M6T) in the world which is based on Bombardier's ZEFIRO 250 km/h (155 mph) design. The train was designed by Bombardier and Zagato. Each train set consists of 1 luxury sleeper (WG), 12 soft sleepers (WR), 2 second class coaches (ZE) and 1 dining car (CA).the first CRH1E trainset delivered at October 2009,first come into service on November 4, 2009 between Beijing-Shanghai.

CRH380D[edit]

Main article: Bombardier Zefiro

The CRH380D is also derived from the Bombardier Zefiro family (Zefiro 380) of very high speed EMUs and are not direct derivatives of the Regina type trains from which the CRH1A and CRH1B classes are derived.[7] Top speed is advertised at 380 km/h (236 mph). The 8-car version is designated CRH380D, series number CRH380D-6601 ~ CRH380D-6670.[6] As of April 4, the first two sets have been delivered,[8] with the first undergoing testing.[9]

Formation[edit]

Power Destination

  • M - Motor car
  • T - Trailer car
  • C - Driver cabin
  • P - Pantograph

Coach Type

  • ZY - First Class Coach
  • ZE - Second Class Coach
  • ZYE - First/Second Class Coach
  • ZEC - Second Class Coach/Dining Car
  • CA- Dining Car
  • WR - Soft Sleeper Car
  • WG - Luxury Sleeper Car

CRH1A[edit]

Coach No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Type1 ZY ZE ZEC ZE ZY
Type2 ZY ZE ZEC ZYE ZE ZY
Power Configuration MC TP M T M TP MC
Power Units Unit 1 Unit 2 Unit 3
Capacity3 72 101 101 101 19 101 101 72
Capacity4 64 92 92 92 23 92 92 64
Capacity2 64 92 92 24 77 92 92 64
  • ^1 train No.001A-040A; 167A, 168A
  • ^2 train No.081A-166A
  • ^3 train No.001A-021A; 167A, 168A
  • ^4 train No.022A-040A

CRH1B[edit]

Coach No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
Type1 ZE CA ZE ZY
Type2 ZE ZEC ZE ZY
Power Configuration MC TP M TP M T M T M TP M TP MC
Power Units Unit 1 Unit 2 Unit 3 Unit 4 Unit 5 Unit 6
Capacity1 79 92 92 92 92 92 92 92 56 92 92 92 92 72 72 64
Capacity2 79 101 101 101 101 101 101 101 24 101 101 101 101 72 72 72
  • ^1 Train No.041B-060B
  • ^2 Train No.076B-080B

CRH1E[edit]

Coach No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
Type1 ZE WR CA WG WR ZE
Type2 ZE WR ZEC WR ZE
Power Configuration MC TP M TP M T M T M TP M TP MC
Power Units Unit 1 Unit 2 Unit 3 Unit 4 Unit 5 Unit 6
Capacity1 61 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 16 40 40 40 40 40 61
Capacity2 61 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 61
  • ^1 Train No.061E-072E
  • ^2 Train No.073E-075E

Distribution[edit]

As of January, 2013

Operator Quantity Series number Lines serving Note
CRH1A
Guangzhou Railway Group Co.,Ltd. 44 CRH1-001A ~ CRH1-020A
CRH1-086A ~ CRH1-090A
CRH1-094A ~ CRH1-101A
CRH1-117A ~ CRH1-119A
CRH1-123A、CRH1-124A
CRH1-141A ~ CRH1-143A
CRH1-167A ~ CRH1-168A
Guangshen RailwayGuangzhou–Zhuhai Intercity Mass Rapid Transit
Nanchang Railway Bureau 35 CRH1-081A ~ CRH1-085A
CRH1-091A ~ CRH1-093A
CRH1-103A ~ CRH1-116A
CRH1-120A
Hukun Railway、Fuxia PFL、
Changjiu ICL
Chengdu Railway Bureau 22 CRH1-021A ~ CRH1-040A
CRH1-144A ~ CRH1-145A
Suiyu Railway、Dacheng Railway、
Chengguan PDL
CRH1B
Shanghai Railway Bureau 24 CRH1-041B ~ CRH1-045B
CRH1-047B ~ CRH1-060B
CRH1-076B ~ CRH1-080B
Jinghu RailwayHening PDL
Hewu PDLHuning PDL
Hukun Railway、Hangyong Railway、
Yongtaiwen PDL、Wenfu PDL、Fuxia PDL
(CRH1-046B was written off in Wenzhou train collision )
CRH1E
Shanghai Railway Bureau 6 CRH1-070E ~ CRH1-075E Jinghu Railway、Fuxia PDL、Yongtaiwen PDL、Wenfu PDL、
Huning PDLJingjin ICL
Chengdu Railway Bureau 9 CRH1-061E ~ CRH1-069E Dacheng Railway、Xiangyu Railway、Handan Railway、Hening PDL
Hewu PDL、Jingguang Railway

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]