China Railways CRH3

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China Railways CRH3 EMU
In service 2008 – present
Manufacturer Siemens,
Tangshan Railway Vehicle
Changchun Railway Vehicle
Family name Siemens Velaro
Number under construction CRH380B: 40 trainsets (320 cars)
CRH380BL: 100 trainsets (1600 cars)
CRH380CL: 25 trainsets (400 cars)
Number built CRH3C: 80 trainsets (640 cars)
CRH380B: 10 trainsets (80 cars)
CRH380BL: 70 trainsets (1120 cars)
CRH380CL: 1 trainset (16 cars)
Formation CRH3A, CRH3C, CRH380B: 8 cars/trainset (4M4T)
CRH380BL, CRH380CL: 16 cars/trainset (8M8T)
Capacity CRH3A: 728[1]
CRH3C: 556-600
CRH380B: 551[1]
CRH380BL: 1043[1]
CRH380CL: 1053[1]
Operator Chinese Ministry of Railways
- Beijing Railway Bureau
- Guangzhou Railway Group
Line(s) served Beijing-Tianjin high-speed rail
Guangzhou-Shenzhen-Hong Kong Express Rail Link
Train length CRH3A, CRH3C, CRH380B: 200 m (656 ft 2 in)
CRH380BL: 399.27 m (1,309 ft 11 in)
Width 3,265 mm (10 ft 8.5 in)
Height 3,890 mm (12 ft 9 in)
Platform height 1,250 mm (4 ft 1 in)[2]
Maximum speed CRH3A: 160 km/h (99 mph) to 250 km/h (155 mph)[1]
CRH3C: 350 km/h (217 mph)
CRH380B, CRH380BL, CRH380CL: 380 km/h (236 mph)
Weight CRH3C: 447 t (440 long tons; 493 short tons)[3]
Traction system Siemens or Hitachi IGBT VVVF inverter control
Power output CRH3A: 5.12 MW (6,870 hp)[1]
CRH3C: 8.8 MW (11,800 hp)[3]
CRH380B: 9.2 MW (12,300 hp)[1]
CRH380BL: 18.4 MW (24,700 hp)[4]
CRH380CL: 19.2 MW (25,700 hp)[1]
Transmission AC-DC-AC
Power supply Overhead line[3]
Electric system(s) 25 kV 50 Hz AC[3]
Current collection method Pantograph
Braking system(s) Regenerative, electronically controlled pneumatic brakes
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge[3]

The CRH3 is a version of the Siemens Velaro high-speed train used in China on the Beijing-Tianjin Intercity Rail line, Wuhan-Guangzhou Passenger Dedicated Line, Zhengzhou-Xi'an Passenger Dedicated Line and the Shanghai–Nanjing High-Speed Railway. It is capable of service speed of 380 km/h (236 mph) as the very similar Velaro E used in Spain, but 300 mm (11.8 in) wider to take advantage of a more generous structure gauge and thus be able to fit in more seats in a 2+3 layout.


In November 2005 the Ministry of Railways ordered 60 Velaro trains for use on the Beijing-Tianjin high-speed rail line. On 27 July 2006, the joint project office was opened at Tangshan.[5]


The first three trains were built in Germany by Siemens, and these imported trains were labelled CRH3A (CRH3-002A, CRH3-003A and CRH3-004A). These trains are based on the German Deutsche Bahn's ICE 3 high-speed trains and were given initial designations of CRH3A. Of these German trains, the first one was shipped from Bremerhaven on 19 December 2007.[6]

On 30 November 2012, the CNR announced new design of CRH3A, with three styles that can operate at top speed of 160 km/h, 200 km/h and 250 km/h. The first train was rolled out on June 3, 2013.[7]


After December 2008, the three imported CRH3A were repainted and renamed to CRH3C (CRH3-002C, CRH3-003C and CRH3-004C). The rest of the trains are now being built by Tangshan Railway Vehicle with some components from Germany.[8]

The first Chinese-built CRH3 (CRH3-001C) was unveiled on 11 April 2008.[8]

The 8-car CRH3C trains are similar to the Velaro E design in Spain, but 300 mm (11.8 in) wider to fit more seats in a 2+3 layout; a 200 m (656 ft) CRH3 train will seat 548 passengers: 16 deluxe-class (8 sold publicly), 50 in first-class, 490 in second-class.[2]

Each train sets consists of four motor cars and four trailer cars, equipped with two driving units, and each of them is in charge of the driving of two motor cars and two trailer cars.

The bogies are improved versions of the SF500 bogie. Innovations include the body bolster, vibration damper, spring parameters, transmission ratio, widening the carbody and increasing the speed of the trainsets.[9]

The trains are designed for running at 350 km/h (217 mph). On 24 June 2008, CRH3-001C reached a top speed of 394.3 km/h (245.0 mph) during a test on the Beijing to Tianjin high speed line.[10]

On 9 December 2009, a pair of CRH3 EMUs (CRH3-013C + CRH3-017C) reached a top speed of 394.2 km/h (245 mph) during a test on the Zhengzhou to Xi'an high speed line,[11] setting a world record for double-link EMUs.

On 28 September 2009, an additional 20 CRH3C sets was ordered by the Chinese MOR.[12]

See: Inside and outside CRH3C China Rail High Speed Train


In March 2009, a new contract was signed with China Northern Railways (CNR) to supply 100 16-car trainsets for 39.2B RMB with delivery from October 2010 onwards. This order for a total of 1600 railway cars is greater than the total production of all Velaro and ICE trains that have ever been manufactured in the past. It is planned that the trains will be produced by CNR subsidiaries, Tangshan Railway Vehicles and Changchun Railway Vehicles, using technology from the previous technology transfer agreement. In this contract, Siemens acts as a component supplier, with only 18% of the content actually made by the company.[13] An additional order for 40 16-car sets and 40 8-car sets was made on 28 September 2009 for 25.32B RMB.[14]

Top travel speed for this variant is 380 km/h (236 mph), though it is capable of attaining even higher speeds.[15] These trains have been designated as CRH380B (8-car set) and CRH380BL (16-car set) in September 2010.[16] The first CRH380BL set with series number CRH380B-6401L rolled off the production line and was unveiled to the public in September 2010. it was manufactured by Tangshan Railway Vehicle.[17] On October 2010, the 16-car train was sent to Beijing loop line for test. On November 2010, the train was sent to Beijing-Shanghai High-Speed Railway for trial run. The trainset reached the maximum speed of 457 km/h (284 mph) on 5 December 2010.[18] More recently, during a subsequent test on 10 January 2011, a CRH380BL set reached a new record speed of 487.3 km/h (302.8 mph), breaking the previous record held by the CRH380A.[19]

Since 13 January 2011, the CRH380BL enter regular service at the Shanghai–Hangzhou High-Speed Railway and Shanghai–Nanjing High-Speed Railway.[20]

All 54 CRH380BL trainsets were recalled in mid-August 2011 due to operational problems on the new Beijing–Shanghai High-Speed Railway. The new trains were reported as being "too sensitive" and the subject of frequent breakdowns in stormy weather. They will be temporarily replaced by the CRH380A and CRH380AL.

As of December 2011, the recalled trainsets have returned to service.

See: Official CRH380BL Model Train


Changchun Railway Vehicle released a redesigned nose fitted onto a CRH380B body at the Modern Railways 2010 on 6 December 2010. The new design will be designated the CRH380CL, with the Bombardier Zefiro redesignated the CRH380D, and will incorporate electrical equipment from Hitachi. 25 16-car trainsets have been ordered by the MOR, replacing 25 previously ordered CRH380BL units.[21] The first trainset was delivered underwent testing starting in 2011.[22] The trains entered regular service in the Spring of 2013.[23]


Power Destination

  • M – Motor car
  • T – Trailer car
  • C – Driver cabin
  • P – Pantograph

Coach Type

  • SW – Business Class Coach
  • ZY – First Class Coach
  • ZE – Second Class Coach
  • CA – Dining Car
  • ZEC – Second Class Coach / Bistro Car
  • ZYS – First Class / Business Coach
  • ZEG – Second Class Coach / Sightseeing Car
  • ZYG – First Class Coach / Sightseeing Car
  • ZET – Second Class Coach / Premier Coach
  • ZYT – First Class Coach /Premier Coach

On CRH380BL trains, type ZYS coaches at the ends of the trains have a Sightseeing Area.


Each of the CRH3C set has one first-class class seating cars (ZY), six second-class seating cars (ZE), and one second-class seating/bistro car (ZEC). The seats arrangement for the first-class is 2+2; and that for the second-class is 2+3. For the eight VIP seats at the ends of the trains, the seating arrangement is 1+2. The seats are rotatable. However, for the second-class seating/bistro coach, the seats are fixed.[9]

Coach No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Power Configuration MC TP M T M TP MC
Power Units Unit 1 Unit 2
Capacity1 73 87 87 50 56 87 87 73
Capacity2 68 80 80 50 50 80 80 68
  • ^1 Train 002C-004C manufacturerd by Siemens, second-class seats are fixed, Coach No.1 and No.8 have 65 second-class seats and 8 VIP seats
  • ^2 Train 001C, 005C-080C manufacturerd by CNR Tangshan, all seats rotate


Each of the CRH380B formations are similar to their CRH3C counterparts. The only difference is in the end cars.

Coach No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Power Configuration MC TP M T M TP MC
Power Units Unit 1 Unit 2
Capacity[1]4 52 80 80 71 40 80 80 68
  • ^3 Train No.CRH380B-6246,
  • ^4 Train No.CRH380B-6247-6285


The L type trainsets feature 16 cars instead of 8, and are made up of different types of cars as well: The business class car and the full-coach dining car are only found in these longer trainsets.

Coach No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
Power Configuration MC TP M T M TP M TP M T M TP MC
Power Units Unit 1 Unit 2 Unit 3 Unit 4
Capacity6 39 56 24 56 71 80 80 80 38 80 80 80 80 80 80 39
Capacity5 16 56 56 80 71 80 80 80 38 80 80 80 80 80 80 16
  • ^3 Train No.CRH380B-6201L-6245L,6401L-6434L
  • ^4 Train No.CRH380B-6435L-6443L
  • ^5 Train No.CRH380B-6444L-6470L
  • ^6 Train No.CRH380B-6201L-6245L,6401L-6443L

Three of the five seats in the Sightseeing Area are fixed and do not rotate. They also do not recline. They are presently marketed as First Class seats.


The L type trainsets feature 16 cars instead of 8, and are made up of different types of cars as well: The business class car and the second class car/bistro car are only found in these longer trainsets.

Coach No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
Power Configuration MC TP M T M TP M TP M T M TP MC
Power Units Unit 1 Unit 2 Unit 3 Unit 4
Capacity[1]6 16 56 56 80 71 80 80 80 38 80 80 80 80 80 80 16
  • ^6 Train No. CRH380C-6301L-6325L

Train series number[edit]

CRH3C made by Siemens: CRH3-002C ~ CRH3-004C.

CRH3C made by CNR Tangshan Railway Vehicles:CRH3-001C, CRH3-005C ~ CRH2-080C.

CRH380B made by CNR Changchun Railway Vehicles: CRH380B-6246 ~ CRH380B-6285.

CRH380BL made by CNR Changchun Railway Vehicles: CRH380B-6201L ~ CRH380B-6245L.

CRH380BL made by CNR Tangshan Railway Vehicles: CRH380B-6401L ~ CRH380B-6470L.

CRH380CL made by CNR Changchun Railway Vehicles: CRH380C-6301L ~ CRH380C-6325L.[21]

At first, not all trains in service were numbered CRH3C. Imported trains were numbered as CRH3A. They are CRH3-002A, CRH3-003A and CRH3-004A. The first Chinese-made CRH3 was numbered as CRH3-001C. However, the three train sets had been repainted to CRH3C since December 2008. Later Chinese made trains include CRH3-005C, CRH3-006C and so on.


As of November 2013

Operator Quantity Series number Lines serving Note
Beijing Railway Bureau 20 CRH3-001C ~ CRH3-016C、
CRH3-018C ~ CRH3-021C
Jingjin ICL
Shanghai Railway Bureau 16 CRH3-026C、CRH3-053C ~ CRH3-058C、CRH3-061C、
CRH3-062C、CRH3-069C ~ CRH3-075C
Huning PDLHuhang PDL
Guangzhou Railway Group Co.,Ltd 44 CRH3-017C、CRH3-022C ~ CRH3-025C、
CRH3-027C ~ CRH3-052C、CRH3-059C、CRH3-060C、
CRH3-063C ~ CRH3-068C、CRH3-076C ~ CRH3-080C
Wuguang PDL
Shenyang Railway Bureau 5 CRH380B-6246~CRH380B-6250 Testing
Harbin Railway Bureau 35 CRH380B-6251~CRH380B-6285 Testing
Shanghai Railway Bureau 29 CRH380B-6225L~CRH380B-6230L, CRH380B-6401L~CRH380B-6423L Huning PDLHuhang PDL
Beijing Railway Bureau 11 CRH380B-6202L, CRH380B-6206L~CRH380B-6207L, CRH380B-6210L, CRH380B-6211L, CRH380B-6215L~CRH380B-6218L, CRH380B-6222L~CRH380B-6224L Beijing–Shanghai High-Speed Railway
Jinan Railway Bureau 26 CRH380B-6201L, CRH380B-6203L~CRH380B-6205L, CRH380B-6208L~CRH380B-6209L, CRH380B-6212L~CRH380B-6214L, CRH380B-6219L~CRH380B-6221L, CRH380B-6245L Beijing–Shanghai High-Speed Railway
Guangzhou Railway Bureau 29 CRH380B-6429L~CRH380B-6457L Wuhan–Guangzhou High-Speed Railway
Beijing Railway Bureau 5 CRH380C-6301L~CRH380C-6305L Beijing–Shanghai High-Speed Railway
Shanghai Railway Bureau 5 CRH380C-6306L~CRH380C-6310L Huning PDLHuhang PDLHang-Yong PDLNanjing–Hangzhou Passenger Railway

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j
  2. ^ a b "China's first 300 km/h trainsets are taking shape". Railway Gazette International. 2007-08-01. Retrieved 2010-05-29. 
  3. ^ a b c d e "Hochgeschwindigkeits-Triebzug Velaro CN, China" (in German). Siemens AG. Retrieved 2010-05-29. 
  4. ^ "Erneuter Erfolg für die Hochgeschwindigkeitszüge von Siemens Siemens liefert mit chinesischen Partnern weitere 100 Züge für China" (in German). 2009-03-20. Retrieved 2010-05-29. 
  5. ^ "Siemens Transportation Systems Group opens its high-speed train project office in Tangshan". Siemens AG. 2006-07-27. Retrieved 2008-06-30. [dead link]
  6. ^ "China’s first high speed train ready for shipment". Siemens AG. 2007-12-29. Retrieved 2008-06-30. 
  7. ^
  8. ^ a b "Tangshan rolls out its first 350 km/h train". Railway Gazette International. 2008-04-11. Retrieved 2008-06-30. 
  9. ^ a b "Products:EMU". (in Chinese). 
  10. ^ "Velaro sets Chinese speed record". Railway Gazette International. 2008-06-27. Retrieved 2010-05-29. 
  11. ^ "铁道部部长在高速列车上的"记者招待会". 2009-12-09. Retrieved 2009-12-09. 
  12. ^ "招商证券-中国北车-601299-动车组第三批高毛利率订单将陆续交付". (in Chinese). 
  13. ^ "Meet The Train Makers, Part 6: China". 20 November 2009. 
  14. ^ "长客签下235亿订单". (in Chinese). 28 September 2009. 
  15. ^ "The World Railway Development and Research Society annual meeting 2009 was held in Beijing" (in Chinese). 2009-12-09. Retrieved 2010-05-29. 
  16. ^ "时速超400公里的是CRH2型的380级别的动车吗-城际高铁-地铁族". Retrieved 2013-04-06. 
  17. ^ "下线仪式CRH380B-6401L rolled off production line". YouTube. 2010-09-24. Retrieved 2013-04-06. 
  18. ^ "千龙网-北京-时速500公里试验列车正在研制(图)". 2010-12-07. Retrieved 2013-04-06. 
  19. ^ "中国北车刷新高铁运营试验世界纪录速度(图)-搜狐证券". Retrieved 2013-04-06. 
  20. ^ "1月13日起"飞毛腿"动车将在宁杭间开跑_新闻中心_新浪网". Retrieved 2013-04-06. 
  21. ^ a b
  22. ^ "CRH380CL, China High Speed train中國高鐵". YouTube. 2011-05-24. Retrieved 2013-04-06. 
  23. ^

External links[edit]