China national football team
|Nickname(s)||龙之队 Lóngzhī Duì
(National Football Team)
|Association||Chinese Football Association|
|Sub-confederation||EAFF (East Asia)|
|Head coach||Alain Perrin|
|Most caps||Li Weifeng (112)|
|Top scorer||Hao Haidong (41)|
|FIFA ranking||96 1 (8 January 2015)|
|Highest FIFA ranking||37 (December 1998)|
|Lowest FIFA ranking||109 (March 2013)|
|Elo ranking||66 (8 December 2014)|
|Highest Elo ranking||25 (13 October 2001)|
|Lowest Elo ranking||80 (December 2008)|
| Philippines 0–1 Republic of China
(Manila, Philippines; February 1, 1913)
| China PR 19–0 Guam
(Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam; January 26, 2000)
| Brazil 8–0 China PR
(Recife, Brazil; September 10, 2012)
|Appearances||1 (First in 2002)|
|Best result||Round 1: 2002|
|Appearances||11 (First in 1976)|
|Best result||Runners-up: 1984 & 2004|
The China national football team (Chinese: 中国国家足球队; pinyin: Zhōngguó Guójiā Zúqiú Duì), recognized as China PR by FIFA, is the national association football team of the People's Republic of China and is governed by the Chinese Football Association. The team is colloquially referred to as "Team China" (中国队), the "National Team" (国家队) or "Guózú" (国足, short for 国家足球, which means "national football").
The team was founded in 1924 in the Republic of China and joined FIFA in 1931. Following the Chinese Civil War, the CFA was formed in the newly founded People's Republic of China. They remained affiliated with FIFA until 1958, when they withdrew, but they rejoined in 1979. After the transfer of sovereignty of Hong Kong from the United Kingdom in 1997, and Macau from Portugal in 1999, these two special administrative regions have continued to have their own teams, which play as "Hong Kong" and "Macau, China", respectively.
China has won the East Asian Cup twice in 2005 and 2010, they have been runners-up at the Asian Cup twice in 1984 and 2004. Although China failed to score a goal in their maiden FIFA World Cup appearance in 2002, losing all their matches, just qualifying for the tournament has been considered the greatest accomplishment in their football history.
Though modern football lacks a long history in China, there were over 250 million viewers for the 2004 AFC Asian Cup Final, the largest single-event sports audience in the country's history at that time.
- 1 History
- 2 Stadium
- 3 Kit
- 4 Rivalries
- 5 Media coverage
- 6 Coaching staff
- 7 Players
- 8 Recent and forthcoming fixtures
- 9 Competitive record
- 10 Competition history
- 11 Statistics
- 12 Honours
- 13 See
- 14 References
- 15 External links
The Chinese Football Association was founded in 1924 and has been affiliated with the FIFA since 1931. China, under the newly instated People's Republic of China, played their first match on 4 August 1952, a friendly against Finland, with Finland being one of the first nations to hold diplomatic relations with China.
For nearly 30 years, China primarily only played friendly matches with nations that recognized the PRC, such as Albania, Burma, Cambodia, Guinea, Hungary, Mongolia, North Korea, North Vietnam, Pakistan, the Soviet Union, Sudan and the United Arab Republic. They however also participated in 1958 World Cup qualifying, where they lost to Indonesia on goal average.
Chinese football began to grow in popularity in the beginning of the late 1980s through the introduction of televisions in Chinese households. Previously, the most popular international sports in China were badminton and table tennis.
In 1980, China competed in qualifying for a berth in the 1982 World Cup finals, but they lost a play-off game against New Zealand. During the qualifying for the 1986 World Cup, China faced Hong Kong in Beijing in the final match of the first qualifying round on 19 May 1985, where China only needed a draw to advance. However, Hong Kong produced a 2–1 upset win, which resulted in riots between local fans. In qualifying for the 1990 World Cup, China again reached the final round of qualifying but lost to Qatar in their final group game. During the qualifiers for the 1994 World Cup they failed to reach the final round of qualifying, coming second behind Iraq. China was on the verge of making it through the qualifying for the 1998 World Cup but lost crucial matches at home against Qatar and Iran.
On 26 January 2000, China beat Guam 19–0 in 2000 Asian Cup qualification, which was the world record for the largest victory margin in an international football match at the time. The record however was broken by Kuwait 19 days later.
On 7 October 2001, China, under the direction of head coach Bora Milutinović, advanced to the 2002 World Cup; the first time China had reached a World Cup. However, they failed to score a single goal, losing all three group matches and were eliminated in the group stage.
|China national football team|
|Literal meaning||The Great Wall|
In November 2004, the team failed to advance through the preliminary qualification stage for the 2006 World Cup, losing out to Kuwait on goals difference, despite China's seven goals against Hong Kong in the last qualifying match. Head coach Arie Haan was later replaced by Zhu Guanghu.
In August 2005, China won the 2005 East Asian Football Championship with a 1–1 draw against Korea Republic, 2–2 draw against Japan and a 2–0 victory against Korea DPR. It became their first international title ever.
While qualifying for the 2007 AFC Asian Cup in 2006, the team became the subject of immense criticism in the media and a national embarrassment when they had managed to score only one goal (a Shao Jiayi penalty kick well during the dying moments injury time) against Singapore at home in Tianjin, and only managed a draw with the Southeast Asian city-state in the away game. In preparation for the 2007 Asian Cup, the team spent the weeks leading up to the tournament on a tour of the United States. While the 4–1 loss to the United States was not unexpected, a 1–0 loss to a Real Salt Lake team that finished bottom of the MLS that season caused serious concern.
During the Asian Cup 2007, the team played three games, winning against Malaysia, drawing with Iran after leading 2–1 at half time, and losing to 3–0 Uzbekistan. After high expectations, China's performance drew immense criticism on online communities, which condemned the coach Zhu Guanghu, players, and the Chinese Football Association in general. Zhu was later replaced by Vladimir Petrović for this poor performance. Some commented that China's reliance on foreign coaches for the past decade had been an indicator of its poor domestic coach development system.
Gao Hongbo era
In April 2009, China appointed the young Gao Hongbo as coach, replacing Yin Tiesheng. His arrival saw China opting for a new strategy, turning towards ground passing tactics and adopting the 4–2–3–1 formation. It was noted that Chinese footballers had relied too heavily on the long balls and header strategy for almost a decade. Above all, Wei Di, the chief of the Chinese Football Association, stressed that, "Anytime, no matter win or loss, they must show their team spirit and courage. I hope, after one year's effort, the national team can give the public a new image."
Under Gao, China drew its first game against Germany 1-1 during a friendly in May 2009. Afterwards, China were able to gain 13 points in the Asian Cup qualifications for 2011. This led to a revival in interest amongst some Chinese football fans, as China had also won 1-0 against France in June 2010, as well as holding World Cup quarter finalsts Paraguay to a 1-1 draw in September 2010. With some even thinking that reaching the semi finals of the Asian Cup being possible. However during the tournament itself, China were knocked out in the group stages. This led to some discontent amongst Chinese fans, plus it also seems that this was the reason that eventually led to the replacement of Gao by the CFA. Although Gao's winning percentage (65%) was the highest for a Chinese manager since Nian Weisi (67.86%), and has not been defeated since the end of the Asian Cup in 2011, this was still not enough to convince the CFA of replacing him. And in August 2011, he was replaced by José Antonio Camacho, less than a month before the World Cup qualifiers for 2014.
But corruption still remains a problem in Chinese football, and in 2010, Wei admitted that recently, "Chinese football has degraded to an intolerable level. It has hurt the feelings of fans and Chinese people at large", he added that he was confident in being able to aid Chinese men's and women's football return to the leading status in Asia and world respectively in future. Wei pointed out six major problems which had caused the "huge slump" of Chinese football in the past few years, while he dissected the dwindling pool of young player selection as being a big problem along with unhealthy professional leagues affected by gambling and match fixing scandals.
Appointment of José Antonio Camacho
On 13 August 2011, José Antonio Camacho of Spain was appointed as the head coach of the Chinese national football team, signing a three-year deal for a reported annual salary of $8 million. The Chinese Football Association head Wei Di explained the decision as being part of a long-term plan to help the country catch up with Japan and South Korea. He noted that, "Compared with our neighbours Japan and South Korea, Chinese football is lagging far behind, we need to work with a long-term view and start to catch up with a pragmatic approach. A lot of our fans expect China to qualify for the 2014 World Cup finals in Brazil. They are afraid that changing the coach at the last moment may cause bad effect to the team's qualifying prospect. I can totally understand that. But we do not have any time to waste."
Chinese Football Administrative Centre vice-president Yu Hongchen added: "The qualifying stage of 2014 World Cup is just a temporary task for him. Even if the task is failed, Camacho will not lose the job. When we started to find a new coach for the national team, we mainly focus on European countries such as Germany, the Netherlands and Spain. First of all, they have advanced football concepts, and secondly they have a productive youth training system, which we can learn from. We hope he can help us to find a suitable style."
During a friendly match against Spain in 2012, many football experts and pundits alike expected Spain to easily steamroll China. However, many critics were stunned to find China and Spain still deadlocked 0-0 until the 84th minute when a goal from Manchester City player David Silva gave Spain their only goal of the match. Even though they lost, this performance was viewed highly in the Chinese media as well as Zeng Cheng, China's goalkeeper, who made a number of exceptional saves against the strong Spanish side. China went on to face Vietnam, a few days later, where they easily won 3-0 with a brace from Gao Lin and Feng Renliang. Disappointment would soon strike again, two months later, when China faced Sweden only to lose 1-0 with the lone goal coming minutes after the 2nd half. Camacho coached a young squad to an 8-0 loss to Brazil on 10 September 2012 in a friendly match, which would go on record as China's worst ever defeat in their history as well as also succumbing China to their worst ever ranking of 109. It was the worst defeat for China since their loss to the United States in 1992.
After a disappointing FIFA World Cup qualification campaign, Camacho lead China during their 2015 AFC Asian Cup qualification campaign where in the first qualification group game China lost 2-1 to Saudi Arabia. Camacho then managed China on 15 June 2013 against Thailand in a shocking 5-1 loss to a team ranked 142 and 47 places below China. This loss then saw Camacho subsequently sacked a week later with Fu Bo assigned the caretaker role.
Alain Perrin era
After Alain Perrin was announced as the team's new manager in early 2014, China continued through the process for 2015 AFC Asian Cup qualification, qualifying by being the best third-placed team. After undergoing a 10 match unbeaten streak before the tournament, China won their first game at the 2015 AFC Asian Cup against Saudi Arabia 1–0 through a deflected free kick from Yu Hai. They won their second group game 2–1 against Uzbekistan and was qualified to the knockout stages as group winner. This was the first time in 11 years that China were not eliminated in group stages. They beat North Korea 2–1 in their final group match. In the quarter final stage they were knocked out by Australia after a 2–0 defeat.
The Workers Stadium (simplified Chinese: 工人体育场; traditional Chinese: 工人體育場; Pinyin: Gōngrén Tǐyùcháng) is a multi-purpose stadium in Beijing with a capacity of 70,161. It was built in 1959 and was last renovated in 2004. It is mostly used for football matches and was the main venue for the 1990 Asian Games, where the opening and closing ceremonies took place. Beijing Guoan also use the stadium to play their home league games.
Also used frequently by the China team is the Kunming Tuodong Sports Center (昆明拓东体育场) which is a multi-purpose stadium in Kunming, Yunnan Province. The stadium holds 40,000 people. It has been used for international friendly matches since 2010, and recently chosen for the home ground for 2014 FIFA World Cup qualification matches.
China's traditional home kit is all red with a white trim while their away kit is traditionally an inverted version of the home kit, fully white with a red trim. During the 1996 AFC Asian Cup, China employed a third kit which was all blue with a white trim and was used against Saudi Arabia. Recently, the team has started to use cooling vests in certain climates. China's current kit is produced and manufactured by Nike.
Traditionally, China's greatest rival has been Japan. This was exemplified after Japan beat China 3-1 in the final of the 2004 AFC Asian Cup, when Chinese fans began to riot near the north gate of the Workers Stadium. The rioting was said to be provoked by controversial officiating and the heightened anti-Japanese sentiment at the time. China's most recent tournament meeting with Japan was at the 2013 East Asian Cup in South Korea, where the two sides drew 3-3. China went on to finish second in the tournament behind Japan.
Another well-known rivalry is also with neighbour South Korea. China played 27 matches against South Korea between 1978 and 2010, a span of 32 years, without winning a single match (11 draws and 16 losses). The media coined the term "Koreaphobia" to describe this phenomenon, but China registered its first win against South Korea on 10 February 2010 when it won 3-0 in the 2010 East Asian Football Championship, eventually going on to win the tournament.
|Head coach||Alain Perrin||France|
|Assistant coach||Ali Boumnijel||Tunisia|
|Goalkeeper coach||Ou Chuliang||China|
|Tactics analyst||Yu Yue||China|
|Technical employee||Li Haipeng||China|
The following players have been called up within the last twelve months.
Recent and forthcoming fixtures
|2015 Asian Cup qual. 5 March 2014||Iraq||3 – 1||China PR||Sharjah, United Arab Emirates|
|Mahmoud 23', 43'
|Report||Zhang Xizhe 73' (pen.)||Stadium: Sharjah Stadium
Referee: Yuichi Nishimura (Japan)
|Friendly 18 June 2014||China PR||2 – 0||Macedonia||Shenyang, China|
|Yu Hanchao 57'
Gao Di 89'
|Report||Stadium: Shenyang Olympic Sports Center Stadium
Referee: Tong Kui Sum (Hong Kong)
|Friendly 22 June 2014||China PR||0 – 0||Macedonia||Jinan, China|
|Report||Stadium: Shandong Provincial Stadium
Referee: Ng Kai Lam (Hong Kong)
|Friendly 29 June 2014||China PR||1 – 3||Mali||Shenzhen, China|
|Gao Lin 75'||Report||Traoré 37'
|Stadium: Bao'an Stadium
Referee: Nagor Amir Mohamed (Malaysia)
|Friendly 4 September 2014||China PR||3 – 1||Kuwait||Anshan, China|
|Yang Xu 53'
Yu Hanchao 64'
Wu Lei 90'
|Report||Hajiah 45+2'||Stadium: Anshan Sports Centre Stadium
Referee: Hiroyuki Kimura (Japan)
|Friendly 9 September 2014||China PR||1 – 1||Jordan||Harbin, China|
|Gao Lin 39' (pen.)||Report||Hayel 83'||Stadium: Harbin Sports City Center Stadium
Referee: Alan Milliner (Australia)
|Friendly 10 October 2014||China PR||3 – 0||Thailand||Wuhan, China|
|Sinthaweechai 61' (o.g.)
Sun Ke 83'
Yang Xu 87'
|Report||Stadium: Wuhan Sports Center Stadium
Referee: Kim Hee-gon (South Korea)
|Friendly 14 October 2014||China PR||2 – 1||Paraguay||Changsha, China|
|Zheng Zhi 9' (pen.)
Wu Lei 18'
|Report||Ortigoza 82'||Stadium: Helong Stadium
Referee: Ko Hyung-jin (South Korea)
|Friendly 14 November 2014||China PR||1 – 1||New Zealand||Nanchang, China|
|Zheng Zhi 42'||Report||Wood 87'||Stadium: Nanchang Bayi Stadium
Referee: Lee Min-hu (South Korea)
|Friendly 18 November 2014||China PR||0 – 0||Honduras||Xi'an, China|
|Report||Stadium: Shaanxi Province Stadium
Referee: Jumpei Iida (Japan)
|Friendly 21 December 2014||China PR||0 – 0||Palestine||Chenzhou, China|
|Stadium: Chenzhou Sports Center Stadium
Referee: Hiroyuki Kimura (Japan)
|2015 AFC Asian Cup 10 January 2015||Saudi Arabia||0 – 1||China PR||Brisbane, Australia|
|19:00 UTC+10||Report||Yu Hai 81'||Stadium: Brisbane Stadium
Referee: Alireza Faghani (Iran)
|2015 AFC Asian Cup 14 January 2015||China PR||2 – 1||Uzbekistan||Brisbane, Australia|
|19:00 UTC+10||Wu Xi 54'
Sun Ke 68'
|Report||Ahmedov 23'||Stadium: Brisbane Stadium
Referee: Abdullah Hassan Mohamed (United Arab Emirates)
|2015 AFC Asian Cup 18 January 2015||China PR||2 – 1||North Korea||Canberra, Australia|
|20:00 UTC+11||Sun Ke 1', 42'||Report||Gao Lin 57' (o.g.)||Stadium: Canberra Stadium
Referee: Abdulrahman Abdou (Qatar)
|2015 AFC Asian Cup 22 January 2015||China PR||0 – 2||Australia||Brisbane, Australia|
|20:30 UTC+10||Report||Cahill 48', 65'||Stadium: Brisbane Stadium
Referee: Kim Jong-hyeok (South Korea)
|Friendly 25 March 2015||China PR||v||Philippines||Beijing, China|
|2015 EAFF East Asian Cup 2 August 2015||China PR||v||South Korea||Wuhan, China|
|Stadium: Wuhan Sports Center Stadium
|2015 EAFF East Asian Cup 5 August 2015||China PR||v||North Korea||Wuhan, China|
|Stadium: Wuhan Sports Center Stadium
|2015 EAFF East Asian Cup 9 August 2015||China PR||v||Japan||Wuhan, China|
|Stadium: Wuhan Sports Center Stadium
|Papua New Guinea||1985||2||1||1||0||5||2||+3||OFC|
|Republic of Ireland||1984||2||0||0||2||0||2||-2||UEFA|
|Trinidad and Tobago||2001||1||1||0||0||3||0||+3||CONCACAF|
|United Arab Emirates||1984||11||4||5||2||16||8||+8||AFC|
FIFA World Cup record
Main article: China PR at the FIFA World Cup
AFC Asian Cup record
Olympic Games record
* Including 1988 onwards
Asian Games record
* Including 1998 onwards (until 2010)
East Asian Cup record
Far Eastern Championship Games