Smilax glabra

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Chinaroot)
Jump to: navigation, search
Smilax glabra
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Liliales
Family: Smilacaceae
Genus: Smilax
Species: S. glabra
Binomial name
Smilax glabra
  • Smilax lanceolata Burm.f 1768 not L. 1753
  • Smilax hookeri Kunth
  • Smilax trigona Warb.
  • Smilax dunniana H.Lév.
  • Smilax blinii H.Lév.
  • Smilax mengmaensis R.H.Miao

Smilax glabra, the Chinaroot, tufuling (土茯苓) or sarsaparilla,[2] is a plant species in the genus Smilax. It is native to China, the Himalayas, and Indochina.[1][3][4][5][6]

Smilax glabra is used in Chinese herbology. It is also a key ingredient in the Chinese medical dessert guīlínggāo, which makes use of its property to set certain kinds of jelly.

Chemical composition[edit]

Dihydro-flavonol glycosides (astilbin, neoastilbin, isoastilbin, neoisoastilbin, (2R, 3R)-taxifolin-3'-O-beta-D-pyranoglucoside) have been identified in the rhizome of Smilax glabra[7] as well as smitilbin, a flavanonol rhamnoside.[8]

Sarsasapogenin, a steroidal sapogenin, can also be found in S.glabra.


  1. ^ a b Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  2. ^ Sarsaparilla on
  3. ^ Smitinand, T. & Larsen, K. (eds.) (1975). Flora of Thailand 2: 1-484. The Forest Herbarium, National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok.
  4. ^ Leroy, J.-F. (ed.) (1983). Flore du Cambodge du Laos et du Viêt-Nam 20: 1-175. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
  5. ^ Ahmed, Z.U. (ed.) (2008). Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh 12: 1-505. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  6. ^ Leti, M., Hul, S., Fouché, J.-G., Cheng, S.K. & David, B. (2013). Flore photographique du Cambodge: 1-589. Éditions Privat, Toulouse.
  7. ^ Yuan JZ, Dou DQ, Chen YJ, et al. (September 2004). "[Studies on dihydroflavonol glycosides from rhizome of Smilax glabra]". Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi (in Chinese) 29 (9): 867–70. PMID 15575206. 
  8. ^ A Flavonol Glycoside from Smilax glabra, Ting Chen, Jian Xin Li, Yu Cai, Qiang Xu, Chinese Chemical Letters, Vol. 13, No 6, 2002, pages 537-538

External links[edit]