Smilax glabra

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Smilax glabra
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Liliales
Family: Smilacaceae
Genus: Smilax
Species: S. glabra
Binomial name
Smilax glabra

Smilax glabra, the Chinaroot, tufuling (土茯苓) or sarsaparilla,[1] is a plant species in the genus Smilax.

S. glabra is used in Chinese herbology. It is also a key ingredient in the Chinese medical dessert guīlínggāo, which makes use of its property to set certain kinds of jelly.

Chemical composition[edit]

Dihydro-flavonol glycosides (astilbin, neoastilbin, isoastilbin, neoisoastilbin, (2R, 3R)-taxifolin-3'-O-beta-D-pyranoglucoside) have been identified in the rhizome of Smilax glabra[2] as well as smitilbin, a flavanonol rhamnoside.[3]

Sarsasapogenin, a steroidal sapogenin, can also be found in S.glabra.


  1. ^ Sarsaparilla on
  2. ^ Yuan JZ, Dou DQ, Chen YJ, et al. (September 2004). "[Studies on dihydroflavonol glycosides from rhizome of Smilax glabra]". Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi (in Chinese) 29 (9): 867–70. PMID 15575206. 
  3. ^ A Flavonol Glycoside from Smilax glabra, Ting Chen, Jian Xin Li, Yu Cai, Qiang Xu, Chinese Chemical Letters, Vol. 13, No 6, 2002, pages 537-538

External links[edit]