Melbourne, Australia's Chinatown is located within the Melbourne Central Business District and is centred near Coordinates: around the eastern end of Little Bourke St. It extends between the corners of Swanston and Spring Streets.
Melbourne's Chinatown was established during the Victorian gold rush in 1851 when Chinese prospectors came to Australia for the gold rush in search of gold. It is notable for being the oldest Chinatown in Australia, the oldest continuous Chinese settlement in Australia, and the second longest continuous Chinese settlement in the western world, only because San Francisco's Chinatown was nearly, but not completely destroyed by the 1906 earthquake.
The Dim Sim was invented in Chinatown, by William Wing Young, in 1945, at his restaurant Wing Lee, and has become a major snack food in takeaway outlets and Chinese restaurants throughout the entire country.
In 2010, the ground floor of the Chinese Museum was remodeled as a visitor centre for Melbourne's Chinatown. In 2011, a Memorial statue of Dr Sun Yat-sen was unveiled outside the Museum's entrance in celebration of the 100th anniversary of the founding of the Republic of China. The traditional Chinese New Year Lion Dance has always ended at this spot, but will now end with a blessing of the statue.
Other Chinese communities
Other than the original Chinatown in the CBD, several newer Chinese communities, with immigrants primarily of Cantonese descent, are found in the suburbs of Melbourne, such as Box Hill, Glen Waverley and Springvale.
- City of Melbourne. "Multicultural communities - Chinese". Retrieved 2006-10-13.
- Bacon, Daniel: Walking the Barbary Coast Trail 2nd ed., pages 52-53, Quicksilver Press, 1997
- "Chinese Museum Profile 2012". Museum of Chinese Australian History Incorporated. Retrieved 2013-06-19.
- "Chinese Youth Society of Melbourne". http://www.cysm.org. Chinese Youth Society of Melbourne. Retrieved 23 January 2012.
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