Looking west down Little Bourke Street
Melbourne, Australia's Chinatown is located within the Melbourne Central Business District and is centred near 37°48′42″S 144°58′03″E / 37.8118°S 144.9676°ECoordinates: 37°48′42″S 144°58′03″E / 37.8118°S 144.9676°E around the eastern end of Little Bourke St. It extends between the corners of Swanston and Spring Streets.
Melbourne's Chinatown was established during the Victorian gold rush in 1851 when Chinese prospectors joined the rush in search of gold. It is notable for being the oldest Chinatown in Australia, the oldest continuous Chinese settlement in Australia, and the second longest continuous Chinese settlement in the western world, only because San Francisco's Chinatown was nearly, but not completely destroyed by the 1906 earthquake.
In 2010, the ground floor of the Chinese Museum was remodeled as a visitor centre for Melbourne's Chinatown. In 2011, a Memorial statue of Dr Sun Yat-sen was unveiled outside the Museum's entrance in celebration of the 100th anniversary of the founding of the Republic of China. The traditional Chinese New Year Lion Dance has always ended at this spot, but will now end with a blessing of the statue.
Other Chinese communities 
Other than the original Chinatown in the CBD, several newer Chinese communities, with immigrants primarily of Cantonese descent, are found in the suburbs of Melbourne, such as Box Hill, Glen Waverley and Springvale.
An older mainly Mandarin Chinese community is to be found in Bendigo, a country Victorian city that was once a goldmining destination during the 19th century.
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