The U.S. city of San Antonio, Texas was once home to a Chinatown that was referenced from an article describing the Dallas Chinese population that said San Antonio had a Chinatown. During the mid 1930s, this community was a "close knit" community of "several hundred Chinese." 
In 1917, the city of San Antonio Chinese population surpassed that of El Paso when General John Pershing returned to the United States from Mexico with 527 Mexican Chinese who had assisted his troops during the invasion of Pancho Villa, thus earning the nickname "Pershing's Chinese." San Antonio held the distinction of having the largest Chinese population with 321 Chinese in Bexar County until the 1950s when Houston surpassed its population. Between the 1930s and 1940s, "... branches of the Chinese Nationalist party, or Kuomintang, were established in San Antonio and El Paso."